Introduction The aim of this investigation is to challenge conventional knowledge and to shed light on the discovery of the Americas. You could ask anyone on the streets, especially in the United States, if Christopher Columbus indeed discovered America and there would be no hesitation in their answer, “yes”. Were there any other explorers who may have come across the Americas before Columbus? What caused Columbus to have such a vast impact on the society? This investigation will go further into the aspects of why Columbus’ name is widely recognized and how he had a tremendous impact, when there is evidence that suggests there may have been other explorers who had previously stumbled upon what Columbus is claimed to discover. The main sources used in this investigation are Christopher Columbus: The Master of the Atlantic written by David A.Thomas, which goes extensively into the facts about Christopher Columbus’ life and accomplishments and the website History, which has an abundance of information and videos on the exploration and discovery of the Americas. Summary of Evidence Reaching towards the peak of trade, Europe faced difficulties in trading with Asia due to sections of multiple trade routes being dominated by Muslims. This meant that men were lost and it took a great amount of time to be able to give and receive the products being traded. This was when Christopher Columbus proposed a solution, believing that a route which sailed west through the Atlantic Ocean, would be a much safer and faster way of trading with Asia. After over six years of proposals to multiple nobles around Europe, Columbus found Queen Isabella and Kind Ferdinand of Spain who offered to fund the voyage, and on Augu... ... middle of paper ... ...an immensely impressive fleet. There is no doubt they were able to travel past Sumatra, India, Iran and the coast of Africa so the same question asked regarding the Polynesians appears, Why would they just stop there? Moreover, there is a map showing the entire world fairly accurately that was drawn in 1763, whose maker wrote that he had copied it from a map drawn in 1418 A.D., centuries earlier. This map and the claim attached to it has not been proven as of yet, however, if it is authentic it would be the first map of the world. Conclusion To conclude, despite the possibility of the Americas actually being discovered before it is said to have been discovered, Columbus will always remain as Columbus had a colossal impact due to his actions, which one may say were somewhat greedy. Thomas, David A. Christopher Columbus: The Master of the Atlantic
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Many people would argue that Columbus had discoverd the west Indies this is because most of the historians in the 1400's, which were Europeans therefore they writ biased text glorify their country where by they wanted to avoid any form of negative conspiracy attached to it. Even though we have read the Europeans point of view, we are still left in the dark as to hearing both sides of the story. We have been shown only one side of the coin, the arawaks were illiterate and therefore is was most unlikely to keep anyform of records concerning the evens that had taken place. As outsides to the real facts, we have little knowledge of the arawaks and what had really happened.
Christopher Columbus began many of his adventures with preexisting sources and models from well-known philosophers and explores, mixture of inventions, misrepresentations and concealment (Bodmer,10). Despite his knowledge of geography and cosmology, he used models that were complex and contradicting, providing factual and mythical reports of what he could expect to find on the islands he would soon explore. The most detailed information which was creditable based on objectivity and accurate accounts were described by Marco Polo. The book ‘Travels’, would become a resource used by Columbus to compare his discoveries, for here it would reveal actual and potential problems that were identified by Marco Polo (Bodmer, 13,14). According to Polo, land that was located beyond the reach of commercial expeditions would belong to the first man who could reach them, according to the rules of the imperialistic pattern of appropriation (Bodmer, 16). As Columbus’s imagines of finding lands rich ...
Everyone has heard the story of how Christopher Columbus discovered America. Almost every child is taught to think this from kindergarten. There's even a day every year dedicated to him. The thing is, not everyone knows the whole story. Christopher Columbus isn't quite the hero people make him out to be. He is responsible for almost all of the deaths of the 1-3 million Taínos Indians. Columbus was the one to ask for the money to explore. He was the one to claim the land for Spain. It was him who gave to order to kill everyone. He's obviously completely guilty, right? Well, not exactly.
Christopher Columbus is honored as the man who opened the doors to an Age of Discovery and exploration. Although he may not have been the first European to set foot onto the Americas, he did begin a wave of exploration in a new hemisphere. The time period of the age of discovery follows the end of the Middle Ages, which Columbus himself is a product. If it were not Columbus that brought European settlement to the New World, then it would have been some other explorer who probably started out with the same goals and ideas.
Through her he gained access to the work of the georgical Toscana who believed in fact the Atlantic is the quick way to China.” (Beal). He fetched his believes to many of the richest and powerful people of the land. Most question this strange man who is challenging everything geographical knew. Giving this questionable sane man ships for a chance to explore would cost a fortune and it was a gamble one wasn’t willing to take. He was in Spain for over a year before he was heard by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1486 (History). Queen Isabella was found of his personality and knowledge of great travels. He promised to convert other lands to Christians and many valuable riches to his queen and there country if in return they granted him three ships and 10% of the income. His salesman like brashness earned his place in court. “August 3, 1492 Christopher Columbus and 90 men on three 80 foot ships: Santa Marie Pinta, and Nina, set sail the Spanish port Polos to begin his expedition west through the sea of unknown darkness and violence. (Mann
Columbus happened to be in Spain at the siege of Granada and was called upon the Spanish court, thus giving his chance to request funding for his voyages to Asia. While Columbus was in front of the Spanish court, he proposed to them an agreement of finding gold and riches in Asia to put them ahead of their rival, Portugal. Despite the great amount of Spanish explorers who wanted to embark on the voyage to riches in Asia, the Catholic monarchs and the Spanish court then came to a consensus that having Columbus sail the voyage would benefit them greatly. Therefore, if Columbus brought back gold and spices as he promised to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, then he would receive 10 percent of the profit and govern the new lands that he discovers. Shortly after Columbus was funded for the voyage towards Asia, Columbus set out onto the sea with three ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. Approximately, 86-89 men accompanied Columbus on the three ships. Little did Columbus know, he mistakenly miscalculated the size of the Earth and sea, thus never reaching Asia, but the
For a long time in America’s history and even up until I was in Elementary School, it was being taught that Christopher Columbus was in fact the discoverer of America. The truth, as we all know is that he could not have possibly discovered it when there was already people there! Instead, it is possible to say that he “laid claim” to it for Spain. There were many other famous explorers other than Columbus. Some of them include Lief Ericson who discovered Newfoundland, Amerigo Vespucci who discovered South America and the West Indies, Vasco de Balboa who discovered the Pacific Ocean, Hernando Cortez who discovered Mexico and consequently wiped out an entire civilization known as the Aztecs. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo di...
Christopher Columbus is one of the top most well-known names in history. Columbus was an Italian explorer who in part went on several voyages across seas to discover some of the most prominent land not yet known to exist. Columbus went on four separate voyage each involving new found land. On Columbus’s last voyage he set out to discover a direct water route from Europe to Asia and after many attempts Columbus on his last voyage lead the permeant European discovery of the New World or better known as America.
Who was Amerigo Vespucci? This is a question I asked myself as I was researching the man credited with the discovery of the new world. Much information has been written about Christopher Columbus and very little about Amerigo Vespucci. To understand who Amerigo Vespucci was is to look at his life and times in that time period. This paper is an attempt to look at his history and try to get a better understanding of his life in the “Age of Discovery”. To have an understanding of Vespucci is to remember that to the day of his death, Columbus persisted in claiming he was in parts of Asia. This is part of the old world mentality and shows that Columbus never fully comprehended the achievements of his voyages. Two continents are named after Amerigo Vespucci. A great achievement for a man who many feel is a charlatan of geography. Did he discover America or was this honor bestowed on the wrong man?
He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until 1491 that he found a sympathetic audience: the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile” (History). “Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. (Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility.) Columbus’ contract with the Spanish rulers promised that he could keep 10 percent of whatever riches he found, along with a noble title and the governorship of any lands he should encounter” (History).
The King and Queen were not convinced by the amount that he brought back with him. Besides, the doubts the King and Queen had they once again financed Columbus’s second voyage back to the New World. We need to remember that Columbus’s so-called "second voyage," albeit innocuous sounding language was in actuality an all-out invasion of the islands and particularly of Espanola. Equipped for the military adventure by the Spanish monarchs, Columbus sailed on October 7, 1493, with seventeen ships fully armed with more than a thousand men. (Freeland) This leaves one to wonder if the “so called” exploration to find new trade routes had alternative meaning all along. Not only was his second voyage an all out invasion but Freeland states, There would not be need in any event, since his army would be free to rape Indian women as they pleased. It was this invasion that initiated this vicious and murderous cycle of conquest, murder, thievery, and
Im sure we've all heard of the stories of Christopher Columbus and what a remarkable discoverer he was, but Howard Zinn author of History is a Weapon, unravels the truth about who Christopher Columbus truly was. In 1492, Columbus was granted the opportunity to travel to the Indies. The first island he arrived on was home to the Arawak natives. Once Columbus stepped foot on the island, he and his men were given ideas like cotton and spears, along with food as a welcoming gesture to the Spaniards.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus was a self-made man who worked his way up to being the Captain of a merchant vessel. He gained the support of the Spanish monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella, for an expedition to the Indies. With the support of the Spanish monarchy, he set off to find a new and faster trade route to the Indies. Upon the arrival of his first voyage, Columbus wrote a letter to Luis de Santangel, a “royal official and an early supporter of his venture,” in February 1493 (35). The epistle, letter, entitled “Letter to Luis de Santangel Regarding the First Voyage” was copied and then distributed in Spain before being translated and spread throughout Europe. The Letter is held in such regard with the people as it is considered the first printed description of the new world. Through his description of the nature of the islands, Columbus decided the future fate of the islands. His description of the vast beauty of the nature around him, declares both the economic and nationalistic motivations for colonizing the new world.
...at he was trying to enhance his understanding of what he obstinately believed to be Asia: “I understood sufficiently from other Indians whom I had already taken, that this land, in its continuousness, was an island.” Again, this letter coincided with the map to help clarify which island at what time Columbus was addressing in his writings.