GKE1 Task 3 Part A: Colonization of North America The purpose for colonizing North America was for expansion of territory, trade, and assimilation. The rise of colonialism in North America began after Spain sent Columbus to Asia but discovered the Americas in 1492. Spain created and maintained the first colonies for nearly 400 years followed by France then England. Spain had absolute monarchy over its colonies with the King taking complete control. France used their colonization for trade and England used the charter system to set up their colonies (Carney, 2013). Spain had a great military presence, including a large Navy and mainly settled in broad areas of the Southwestern and Northwestern parts of North America from 1492 to 1898. The Spanish wanted to conquer, colonize, and politically rule as much of the western hemisphere as possible ("Spanish," n.d.). The Spanish Empire used an encomienda system to set up their colonial government. Encomienda was a system of forced labor where an allotment of native people was granted to conquistadors and officials symbolizing “one of the most damaging institutions that the Spanish colonists implemented in the New World” (Busbin, n.d.). The King gave the Spanish conquistadors land and Native Americans for work, and they engaged in conflicts with the native tribes. The purpose of the conquistadors was to forcefully assimilate the Native Americans by teaching them Spanish and converting them to Catholicism though many tribes rebelled. The role of the conquistador was essential to the colonization of the Americas (Carney, 2013). The French began to colonize the Americas in the 16th century and in 1524 began to explore North America from Florida to Newfoundland ("French," n.d.). ... ... middle of paper ... ... American Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/era.cfm?eraID=3&smtID=1 Powhatan’s challenge and Opechancanough’s action. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://historyisfun.org/pdf/Leadership-at-Jamestown/Powhatans_Challenge.pdf Spanish colonization of the Americas. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Spanish_colonization_of_the_Americas.html The American Revolution timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/era.cfm?eraID=3&smtID=4 The road to revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtid=2&psid=3214 U.S. war death statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.statisticbrain.com/u-s-war-death-statistics/ Why did the American Revolution take place? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3213
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After the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492, the powerful Old World scrambled to colonize it. The three major nations involved in this were Spain, France, and England. Spain took more to the south in the Central American and Mexico areas while France went north in the Canada region. The English came to America and settled in both the New England and Chesapeake area. Although the people in these regions originated from the same area, the regions as a whole evolved into different societies because of the settlers’ purpose for coming to America and the obstacles faced in both nature and with the natives.
It was the age of discovery that first provoked intrigue and curiosity of new lands, particularly the Americas, and how the Europeans could expand to fit their society within the borders of this unknown and unexplored land. By the 1580s, more had been learned about the Americas, but any colonization until this point had not even been attempted. And so it was the English, under Queen Elizabeth I's rule, that were issued to establish a colony along the east coast of North America. However, when this great accomplishment was finally made in 1587, it was not long founded until its ultimate fate ended in the disappearance of the colony three years later, instantly creating one of the greatest American mysteries that will ever be.
Christopher Columbus discovered the America’s for Spain in 1492. The explorers and settlers that settled in Central and South America were mostly Spanish and Portuguese. The English took notice of the Spanish success in the America’s, so they decided to explore the upper part of the America’s, North America, in the late 1500’s.
The Spaniards two main goals in invading, conquering and in the conquest of the Mexico region were to maintain political control over the Indians, which populated Mexico at the time and to convert the Indians to Christianity. As Vargas states in her book, Major Problems in Mexican American History, "the Spanish crown pursued its double goal of Christianization and Hispanicization, the world of the Indian was systematically destroyed through a sustained policy of military campaigns and forced labor; disease and malnutrition, which also took a toll on the native populations"(Vargas 91). The Spaniards were able to divide the indigenous people of Mexico and conquer them with the help of other ethnic groups occupying the Mexico region. In planning the conquest, the Spaniards would identify a group that would ally with them to further defeat the ethnic group in power. The collaboration of the Spaniards and the rival ethni...
In pursuit of national glory, profit and religious mission, England started to explore and conquer the North America. Through the 1600s and the early 1700s, three major colonial regions, the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies, formed and developed, and the economic freedom from land owning drew people to the North America. However, during and after the French-Indian War, colonies cooperated to resist British policies and finally declared their independence in 1776.
There were many important events in Spain that paved the way for the colonization of the New World. For example, Europeans craved the spices of the East, but due to warfare in Asia, they tried to find new trade routes . At the time, Europeans knew that the Earth was round, but they did not know how far the ocean stretched, let alone the existence of other continents beyond the Atlantic Ocean. The demand for such spices allowed for many expeditions to occur, including Christopher Columbus. In addition, the explorers of the time were considered “renaissance men” who used new navigation tools such as the globe and sextant, and also referred back to Greek and Latin maps . The Renaissance and its innovations and new ways of thinking are responsible for the expeditions and the ambitiousness of the explorers. As the explorers were traveling in all sorts of directions around the world, they gained more knowledge and improved the maps, which are key aspects of the Renaissance. Furthermore, after the re-conquest of Grenada, the men of Spain still had a frontier mentality that carried over to the New World . As Spain used the plantations on the Az...
I am writing this appeal because my interest in the University of Southern California has remained consistent despite, my admissions decision. I want to write to you about resilience, the quality I admire most in someone, and its pertinence to my life. More specifically, I find a sense of place in a querencia not, at home or with my family. In Barry Lopez’s novel, Rediscovery of North America, he explains, “In Spanish, la querencia refers to a place on the ground where one feels secure, a place from which one’s strength of character is drawn. It comes from the verb querer, to desire, but this verb also carries the sense of accepting a challenge, as in a game.” More literally, in Spanish la querencia is the place in a bull ring in which a bull
How North America was before Columbus’s arrival is an ideology for the United States citizens. It is perceived as an untouched, Eden land structure, and perfect without any living soul. Than again, there are other notions of it being a nomad who left few marks. I think this a moral dilemma of what we define as a “new” land that was discovered. It could be seen as a new discover from the European colonists perspective because they are not native to the land, which was supposedly not occupied. On the other hand, the Indians who lived on the “new” discovered land, was obviously occupied and had many practices and living systems that was foreign to the settlers. Which they thought to be as not equivalent to what was the “right way” by colonists
The European conquest for establishing North American colonies began with various motivations, each dependent on different, and/or merging necessities: economics, the desire to flee negative societal aspects, and the search for religious freedoms. Originally discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 in search for a trade route to Cathay (China), North America remained uninhabited, excluding the Native American establishments. Following this discovery, Spain –along with other European nations such as France, England, Sweden and the Netherlands– soon began the expedition to the new land with vast expectations. Driven by economic, societal, and religious purposes, the New World developed into a diversely structured colonial establishment consisting of (by 1733) the principal mainland’s Virginia, New Amsterdam (New York), Plymouth, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Sweden (Delaware), North and South Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and lastly Georgia.
In their effort to secure becoming the ultimate power, Spain used gruesome tactics and smart strategy to get a leg up. Once Spain conquered the Aztecs and the Incas they then already had access to farm lands and buildings. This opened many opportunities for them to expand as they already had the necessary items. The amount of gold and other precious items the Americas produced helped the Spanish exceed to a very wealthy level. Even at the rate the Americas were sending metals to Spain, they spent it very quickly. Spain rose to power very quickly because of how brutal their strategy was. Since they were expanding so fast they needed a way to build, so they used natives to help build and serve. However, they were expanding at such a rapid pace
European colonization of the Americas started with the accidental discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. After 1600, colonization was made possible in North America because of the population decrease of Native Americans. By 1614, Spain, England, France and the Dutch Republic all established territorial claims in North America. Although Spain, England, and the Dutch established colonies in North America, France was the most successful in the effort of colonizing America prior to 1660, specifically through securing cooperation of native peoples, their establishment of permanent settlements, and their development of a viable economy.
The Spanish Conquest was a significant expedition in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Cortés’s fleet, crew, weapons, and horses helped him in his conquest. However that alone was not enough to defeat a larger society, and with the alliances formed by Cortés with the Tlaxcalans who hated the Aztecs helped him gain more power in his overpowering of the Aztec empire. The expedition was successful and it brought Spain many goods and riches making it very important to Spain.
In 1492 the colonization begun with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to one of the Caribbean island, the Spanish people wanted to find China to get an cultural exchange but instead they found a unknown land fill of people that received them with arms wide open, the Spanish were fascinated with the prosperous of their land, and the Indians were surprised as well with their enormous ships. But the Spanish had different plans besides the cultural and friendship exchange, they were ambitious people and as soon they had the opportunity to take over them they just did it. The Spanish were violent, determined and religious people and what they wanted from the new word was gold, as simple as that. They had a real beg army and they wanted to ruled and settled down in order to find gold an make their country more rich and powerful. By the other hand there also exist another civilization that wanted something, England. The English get to the new world by their will it was not by a king or queen request like the Spanish. There were various reasons why the American Colonies were established. The three most important themes of English colonization of America were religion, economics, and government. The most important reasons for colonization were to seek refuge, religious freedom, and economic opportunity. To a less important point, the colonists wanted to establish a stable and progressive government.
The Spaniards arrived at the Americas prior to the English. The Spanish mainly wanted to explore in the first place because after the Black Death, the population increased, and thus, so did the frequency of commerce. There was a sudden new interest in new products and the new strong monarchs who sponsored the journeys wanted to be more affluent. Therefore, explorers such as Christopher Columbus attempted to go west to target Asia. However, he ended up on Cuba and called the natives Indians. The Spanish soon started to consider the Americas less of a blockage and could now see it as a source of resources. In 1518, Cortes arrived into Mexico with his group of conquistadors, or conquerors, which is a proper name because the men after gold exterminated native areas using their military skills, brutality and greed to turn the Southern America into a vast Spanish empire. The smallpox the Spanish unknowingly carried also helped wipe many people out. When they saw the religious ceremonies of the Aztecs that produced many skulls, they thought of these people as savages and not entirely human. This of coarse was quite hypocritical because the Spanish have killed before during the Inquisition for their faith. It was this contempt that made them think it was all right to slaughter the natives. Spanish colonies were established when conquistadors had gotten a license to finance the expedition from the crown to fixture encomiendas. These encomiendas were basically Indian villages that became a source of labor. The Spanish dreamed of becoming wealthier from South America, but they also wanted a profitable agricultural economy and to spread their Catholic religion (the Pueblo Indians converted to Christianity), which became very important in the 1540s.
North America has had an elongated history of being influences by different types of people. One group of people that influence North America the most was the Europeans. The article states, “A series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America” (Exploration of North America). The Europeans greatest impact on North America was colonizing the region. When the Europeans came to North America, they began to present the people on different views on living their life and showed more of their culture. They began to introduce their political and religious views. When the Europeans settle down in the region they then began to explore other lands because they believe