The key concept of the health belief model includes threat perception (perceived threat), behavioral evaluation, self-efficacy and other variables. The threat perception has very great relevance in health-related behaviors. This perception are measured by perceived susceptibility (the beliefs about the likelihood of contacting a disease) and perceived severity (the feeling about the seriousness of contacting an illness and leaving it untreated). The behavioral evaluation is assessed by the levels of perceived benefits (the positive effects to be expected), perceived barriers (potential negative aspects of a health behavior), and cues to action (the strategies to activated one’s readiness). The self-efficacy key concept was not originally included in of the health belief model, and it was just added in 1998 to look at a person’s belief in his/her ability to take action in order to make a health related change. The other variables that are also the key concepts of the model include diverse demography, sociopsychology, education, and structure. These factors are variable from one to another and indirectly influence an individual’s health-related behavior because the factors influence the perception...
According to Leddy & Pepper (1993), assumptions from the Health Belief Model include the following aspects:
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the first theories of health behavior. It was developed in the 1950s by social psychologists in the U.S. Public Health Services to better understand the widespread failure of tuberculosis screening programs. Today it continues to be one of the most widely used theories. Research studies use it to explain and predict health behaviors seen in individuals. There is a broad range of health behaviors and subject populations that it is applied in. The concepts in the model involve perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals being studied create an understanding of their readiness to act on a health/behavioral factor based on their particular opinions on selected conditions. Several modifying factors such as age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or level of education, etc. can determine one’s opinion on their perceived threat of obtaining a disease such as lung cancer based on the severity of the triggers causing the illness. Their likelihood to change an opinion or behavior depends on their perceived benefits or certain barriers that may be out of their control. Interventions can be used to promote health behavior changes and aid in persuading or increasing awareness on a particular issue.
According to Jane Ogden, “Health behaviours are regarded as any behaviour that is related to the health status of the individual.” These behaviours can have either a negative or positive impact on health. Behaviours which may have a positive impact include: working out daily at the gym, having regular dental check-ups or having a breast ultrasound to make sure there are no lumps in the breasts. Negative behaviours which impact health include: eating high sodium foods, refusing to visit a physician when ill and drinking excessive amounts of alcohol. Prior to my readings on Heath Behaviours and Attitudes I never realised my husband I had negative behaviours which had the potential to impact our health outcomes. In this essay I will focus on these
Promotion of Back Safety Among Healthcare Providers
Historically, the nursing profession has been actively involved in the health promotion and disease prevention among the general public. However, while caring for others, nurses often neglect their personal safety, which ultimately results in the high level of work-related injuries. Failure to timely address risk factors for nursing can have dire consequences for patient outcomes, since it is often associated with increased medication errors and patient falls, poor quality of care, and permanent disability of the nursing staff (Stokowski, 2014).
According to the statement issued by the United States Department of Labor, work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a leading cause of pain, suffering,
Thorne, S. (2010). Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Practice. In P.A, Potter, A.G. Perry, J.C, Ross-Kerr, & M.J. Wood (Eds.). Canadian fundamentals of nursing (Revised 4th ed.). (pp.63-73). Toronto, ON: Elsevier.
The health belief model is a mental health conduct change model created to clarify and anticipate health related practices, especially as to the uptake of wellbeing administrations. The health conviction model was created in the 1950s by social clinicians at the U.S. Public Health Service and is one of the best-known and most generally utilized hypotheses as a part of health conduct research. The health belief model recommends that individuals' convictions about health issues, saw advantages of activity and boundaries to activity, and self-adequacy clarify the absence of engagement in wellbeing advancing conduct. A jolt, or signal to activity, should likewise be available keeping in mind the end goal to trigger the health- promoting conduct.
Nursing theories can be extremely helpful in nursing practice. Although nursing theories cannot predict the changes that a certain patient may experience overtime, they can aid nurses to organize their plan of care by offering a unique perspective to provide a more efficient patient care. The four concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing (person, environment, health, and nursing) are present in all nursing theories although they are approached, defined, and presented differently (Masters, 2014, p. 48). Therefore, nurses can select a theory that best fits their beliefs and perspectives as well as the needs and characteristics of their patients. Pender’s Health Promotion Model and Newman’s Systems Model are
People are psychologically influenced by what they see around them. Lissa Rankin, a writer for Psychology Today, said in her recent article The Nocebo Effect: Negative Thoughts Can Harm Your Health, “In another study, patients about to undergo surgery who were “convinced” of their impending death were compared to another group of patients who were merely “unusually apprehensive” about death. While the apprehensive bunch fared pretty well, those who were convinced they were going to die usually did. Similarly, women who believed they were prone to heart disease were four times more likely to die. It’s not because these women had poorer diets, higher blood pressure, higher cholesterol, or stronger family histories than the women who didn’t get heart disease. The only difference between the two groups was their beliefs” (Rankin). If a person is told that he or she is vulnerable to or diagnosed with conditions such as heart disease, that person becomes psychologically disturbed: possibly leading to them creating their own symptoms, often
Using the Health Belief Model, this study was to describe relationships among health care providers’ perceived susceptibility, actual risk of skin cancer, and the use of sunscreen. The idea was that If health care providers understand their own susceptibility to skin cancer, then there’s an increased chance that they will be able to influence others’ perceptions of their skin cancer susceptibility through more awareness. According to the Health Belief Model, the reason for preventive behavior could be the information received from the health care provider. It would be beneficial to explore what information health care providers share with their patients concerning skin cancer prevention, and whether it affects the patient’s decision to use