Effects Of Environmental Pollution Essay

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Environmental Pollution

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause detrimental alterations to the planet. Pollutants are the key elements or components of pollution which are generally waste materials of different forms. Pollutants can take the form of chemical substances or even energy such as noise, heat or light. Pollution disturbs our ecosystem and the balance in the environment. With modernization and development in our lives pollution has reached its peak; giving rise to global warming and human illness. Environmental pollution affects human health along with the health of any species, plant or animal that lives within the polluted area. Many agencies (such as the United State’s Environmental
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It occurs due to many natural and unnatural reasons. Our actions release a huge amount of chemical substances in the air everyday. Necessities in our daily lives such as cooking, driving, generating electricity and other industrial activities all require excessive burning of fossil fuels. The effects of air pollution are evident too. Fossil fuel burning releases sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other dangerous gasses into the air. The presence of these hazardous gases in the atmosphere causes global warming and acidic precipitation; which in turn have increased temperatures, erratic rains, and droughts worldwide. Air pollution can also cause harmful effects in human health. These effects can be divided into short-term effects and long-term effects. Short-term effects, which are temporary, include illnesses such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Air pollution can also cause irritation to the eyes, throat, nose, and even the skin. Short term effects can also include headaches, dizziness, nausea, and unpleasant odors emitted by factories and sewer systems. Then there are long term effects, these can last for years or up to an entire lifetime. In some cases air pollution can even lead to a person’s death. Long term health effects of air pollution include, heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (more commonly known by…show more content…
Land pollution is the deterioration or destruction of the earth 's terrestrial crust, often intentionally or unintentionally as a result of human activities and the abuse of land resources. It can occur when waste isn’t disposed off properly, or can occur when humans use pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers during agricultural processes. The increase in agricultural land can cause many environmental issues even without pesticides. Agricultural land has continued to expand as the demand for food has increased. The continued growth of agricultural land has resulted in the loss of habitat for many species. Another issue is the continuous growing of one crop or monoculture, for it depletes the soil of vital nutrients used for native plants and can spread diseases throughout the soil. Nutrients can take many years to fully regenerate after a farmer sells their land. Exfoliation of minerals and oil have also contributed to the destruction of the earth’s surface. Since the 1700s, natural habitats have been destroyed, and environments have been polluted due to industrial practices. This has been causing diseases in both humans and many other species of animals. Such human actions have also caused land degradation which is when many large areas of land begin to lose or completely forfeit the capacity to support life forms and
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