Community oriented policing is a philosophy that directs police operation, management and strategies. The model emphasizes on establishing a partnership between community and police and solves problems that directly affect the needs of the involved community (Chappell, 2009). The model of policing promises that coordination between the police and community relations will assist to reduce crime and fear and improve relations between the two, facilitating faster responses to distress calls and routine calls for service. One of the significant objectives of the community based policing is to create a working partnership between the community and police (Alpert & Dunham, 1986). Additionally the community can evaluate problems and come up with solutions and implement the services that are genuinely community based.
Community policing helps officers to identify and solve problems proactively. Providing certain characteristics of traditional law enforcement in addition to problem-solving, community engagement, partnerships, and prevention of crime, community policing has been redefining the relationship between the police and the public. A neighborhood watch is a great example of community policing, locals partnering with law enforcement to create a safer environment. Community partnerships, problem solving and implementing organizational features are the three core components of community policing. Community partnerships encourages partnerships between law enforcement organizations, officers, and the local community in which they serve.
To do this we must look at all available information. According to The Study Circles Resource Center’s Protecting Communities, Serving the Public: Police and residents building relationships to work together (2000), “Bring police and community together. We need to meet not just when there is a crisis or a big crime. We should do things to build relationships that are not so full of conflict. Then it would be easier to work together.
more com... ... middle of paper ... ...is research article, the author paid attention to using literature that was examined, compared and tested in different areas.” This article advises policy makers and communities to form stronger relationships with police authorities and concentrate on preventing crime, reduce fear of crime and improve the lives of residents. It is important that other publications be reviewed and examined to find valid and reliable data that can be retested. One of the questions for researchers is to identify how and if a neighborhood watch program would work in all types of neighborhoods. For the most part and according to these articles, neighborhood watch programs have proven to be effective. Would a program like this work in areas that are already infested with crime and poverty?
This concept has developed to become an important part of modern policing initiatives to enhance public safety and quality of life. The significance of this concept is evident in its emphasis on order maintenance and service that help officers to deal with some major challenges in their daily responsibilities. Generally, community policing is based on the premise of active participation of the public in policing.
Programs like these are important for the police as it shows them where improvements in the community are needed and what area need policing. It also allows for the community to have a say with the stakeholders on what needs are needed within the community. 5.1
It is equally important that Baltimore P.C. reviews intra-departmental issues and develop a holistic approach to address them all. Departmental issues can begin to be addressed by training police officers to earn the community 's trust. This involves first ensuring that police understand how to implement community policing and lay the foundation for procedural justice. Following training, the department 's
A relatively recent method of getting Police Departments more involved in their communities is through what is known as C.O.P or “community orientated policing.” Community orientated policing is a philosophy that guides police management style and operational strategy, and emphasizes the establishment and creation of a police-community partnerships a... ... middle of paper ... ...erns, and responding to issues brought to our attention” (SBPD, 2000). How the officers in a community work with, and serve their community can all be traced back to the core values and beliefs that the organization has as a whole. The core values and the mission of an organization are what form the foundation by which those working within the organization work and conduct themselves. There are all sorts of values that an organization can choose to abide by. But some of them are so basic, and so important that even during times of vast change in all aspects of life - society, government, politics, or technology, that they are always going to be followed and abided by.
The relationship between local communities and police are developed by recruiting, training, and developing skill sets of local community and the role of the supervisors are participatory rather than dictating. This participatory law enforcement has enabled more contact with the local population, better information exchange, and greater use of technology. This has improved operational efficiencies of police officers, revising the traditional structures to keep in pace with unending social advancement. Community policing allows flexibility to react to various security requirements rapidly at the same time creating support from the population being helped (The traditional, bureaucratic policing model and
The primary responsibilities police administrators’ are to provide leadership and structure to the police organization so that the agency can effectively meet the needs of citizens for an orderly and safe environment in which to live and work (p. 4). Also, organizations react to their environment. The environment of police administration plays an important role in shaping the police organization and helping managers improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their operations and can also be an instrument for creating public support. The environment must be studied so as to determine development and forecasts of factors that will influence organizational success. It helps the managers to decide the future path of the organization.