Community oriented policing is a philosophy that directs police operation, management and strategies. The model emphasizes on establishing a partnership between community and police and solves problems that directly affect the needs of the involved community (Chappell, 2009). The model of policing promises that coordination between the police and community relations will assist to reduce crime and fear and improve relations between the two, facilitating faster responses to distress calls and routine calls for service. One of the significant objectives of the community based policing is to create a working partnership between the community and police (Alpert & Dunham, 1986). Additionally the community can evaluate problems and come up with solutions and implement the services that are genuinely community based.
more com... ... middle of paper ... ...is research article, the author paid attention to using literature that was examined, compared and tested in different areas.” This article advises policy makers and communities to form stronger relationships with police authorities and concentrate on preventing crime, reduce fear of crime and improve the lives of residents. It is important that other publications be reviewed and examined to find valid and reliable data that can be retested. One of the questions for researchers is to identify how and if a neighborhood watch program would work in all types of neighborhoods. For the most part and according to these articles, neighborhood watch programs have proven to be effective. Would a program like this work in areas that are already infested with crime and poverty?
It can be helpful to have a extra set of ears and eyes to help the community and stop the violent crimes from happening. A neighborhood watch can be easily created. First you can set up a meeting with your community and talk about the current issue which for Detroit is the violent crimes. Then come up with a strategy of what the community can do help stop it. It will be helpful for the city of Detroit communities to start creating one so they can help the city be well.
Once that problem has been over came, then the agency can focus upon team work with their community to help solve crimes along with getting focused on other community concerns (Corsianos, 2011). Although this change is necessary in order to work efficiently together, the police officers will still continue to be proactive and aggressive on crime control but unlike in the past it will allow for the community to have an input. With the communities input, this lets them choose or help guide the department in where they believe the city and the organization needs to put its main effuses at. An example of this would be teen drug use and abuse in the schools. The department could go and set up a program with the school, unless they have a school resource
P... ... middle of paper ... ...nd apply for funding to obtain technology needed in deterring and preventing criminal behaviors. Conclusion Creating community policing units creates a better quality of life for low and middle income neighborhoods that are vulnerable for crime. Through the collaboration of social service agencies, community leaders, the police, and an effective strategy; community policing will have a positive impact on reducing neighborhood crime (Peak, 2009, p. 179). Moreover, law enforcement will need to bridge their relationship with community members. It is even more imperative that organizational leaders discover and eliminate any and all barriers that impede the ability to deal with cultural differences.
This strategy can be used with crackdowns or specific target of groups of people and or gangs. This can be used by giving those who follow the rules social services and employment opportunities, which is where community policing could serve the community. This can show the police are here to help as well as fight
This can allow the police to have more resources to focus on other functions of policing like training. Police can improve community involvement with the use of citizen patrols, citizen academies, Neighborhood Watch and educational programs. Self-organization, self-policing, and self-help are all important ways that the community should be encouraged to do which supports the police in community policing and can help reduce crime and improve quality of life (Nicholl, C. G., 1999). Community support includes surveillance, supporting victims and being willing witnesses when crimes do occur (Williams, B. 2005).
Community Policing Community policing is the philosophy that promotes strategies that support the use of partnerships and problem- solving techniques that are proactively address conditions to rise public safety issues like fear of crime, social disorder, and crime. There are three components to community policing, they are community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving. The four elements of community policing are community involvement, problem solving, a community base, and redefined goals for the police. Community partnerships are collaborative partnerships between the police, civilians, and other organizations to help make solutions to issues, also to increase trust in the law enforcement. Here are some examples of some organizations that the police can partner up with, they are health and human services, child support services, ordinance enforcement and prosecutors.
Programs like these are important for the police as it shows them where improvements in the community are needed and what area need policing. It also allows for the community to have a say with the stakeholders on what needs are needed within the community. 5.1
Every officer needs to be supportive of the program or it is destined to fail. The role of police can vary, from promoting the development of community organizations and assembling the organizations in problem solving and community building activities. The role of police is traditional known for enforcing the laws, which aim to making good arrests and having a high success rate for prosecution of criminals, and are involved in other maintenance activities, such as maintaining social order and are active in the community. For example, officers can have conversations with citizens of the community and get their perspective of what is working and what needs help. The last thing that is on their agenda is issuing an arrest.