Shane, Jon M. (2010). Organizational stressors and police performance. Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 807-818. Steinheider, B. and Wuestewald, T. (2008). From the bottom up: sharing leadership in a police agency .
"INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION of CHIEFS of POLICEglobal Leadership in Policing." What Is the Law Enforcement Oath of Honor? N.p., 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. http://www.theiacp.org/PoliceServices/ProfessionalAssistance/Ethics/WhatistheLawEnforcementOathofHonor/tabid/150/Default.aspx "Police Brutality Statistics | Cop Block."
26 November.2013.http://www.Mynextmove.org/ “Police and detectives.” U.S.Bureau of Labor Statistics. N.P.29 March 2012.Web.26 November 2013 http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Protective-service Rau,Dana. Police Officer. (Sted).New York:Marshall Cavandish Benchmark.2008.Print. Warson.Stephanie.A Career of A police Officer (Sted).
The history of the development of the exclusionary rule is one of the most fascinating examples of American legal evolution. The Fourth Amendment is believed to be one the cornerstones of the Constitution. It protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures, sets the framework for the warrant rule, and introduces the concept of probable cause into police procedures. The significance of the Fourth Amendment is difficult to overestimate. The warrant rule initiated a giant leap forward in the progress of democracy by abolishing the "general warrant" practice and restricting the invasion of privacy that citizens can be subjected to.
Sir Robert Peel's Nine Principles of Policing. Retrieved from Los Angeles Community Policing: http://lacp.org/2009-Articles-Main/062609-Peels9Principals-SandyNazemi.htm Walker, S., & Katz, C. M. (2011). Chapter 12: Police-Community Relations. In S. Walker, & C. M. Katz, The Police in America: An Introduction (Seventh ed., pp. 370-423).
Governance, integrity, and the police organization. Policing, 32(2), 338-350. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13639510910958217 Muraskin, R., & Roberts, A. R. (2009)Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century. 5th Edition ISBN: 978-0-13-613939-3 Palmer, I., Dunford, R., & Akin, G (2009). Managing organizational change: A multiple perspectives approach (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw/Hill.
Vol.2 (2008:1612–1621) Fitzgerald, S (2007) “Police Brutality”. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press Hendrix, N. (2013). Experience Criminal Justice. 1221 Avenue of Americas, New York: McGraw-Hill. Jefferis, E., Butcher, F., & Hanley, D. (2011).
Eras of American Policing and Their Origin American policing originated from early English law and is profoundly influenced by its history. Early law enforcement in England took on two forms of policing, one of which heavily influenced modern policing and it is known as the watch (Potter, 2013). The watch consisted, at first, of volunteers which had to patrol the streets for any kind of disorder including crime and fire. After men attempted to get out of volunteering by paying others, it became a paid professional position (Walker & Katz, 2012). The three eras of policing in America are shaped by these early ideas and practices of law enforcement.
Retrieved from http://www.radford. edu/~junnever/articles/marxcrime.htm Woodhams, J., Hollin, C., & Bull, R. (2007). The psychology of linking crimes: A review of the evidence. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 12(2), 233. Retrieved May 6, 2011, from Criminal Justice Periodicals.