Upon exploring multiple modalities for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy by far was the most interesting. What intrigued the most about this therapy was that it is directed at decreasing a client’s avoidance strategies when coping with unwanted thoughts and emotions while increasing acceptance of the past events causing anxiety. Normally when clients are experiencing unwanted thoughts and memories of traumatizing events, they avoid behaviors and places that remind them of those memories. However, with the use of ACT these once avoided behaviors can finally be relieved. The main focus of the therapy is not solely focused on symptom reduction; it is mainly used to create a commitment to maintain behavior change in order to sustain a happy life without a disturbance of unwanted memories (Orsillo and Batten, 2005).
Addiction is the chronic and inappropriate use of a substance or activity that interferes with one’s daily life. Research has shown that addictive substances become engrained in the individual’s coping mechanism. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective form of addiction’s treatment because it is an integrative approach that consists of multiple stages, views the individual as a whole, more effective than pharmacotherapy, and creates a healthy relationship with the therapist. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that teaches the individual new behavior patterns to break their old ineffective habits. Scientific research on addiction shows that those who suffer from substance dependency do not have the same capabilities as non-substance users.
My personal theoretical orientation to counseling is Cognitive-Behavioral therapy. Cognitive-Behavioral therapy helps the client to uncover and alter distortions of thought or perceptions which may be causing or prolonging psychological distress. The theoretical foundations of CBT are essentially those of the behavioral and cognitive approaches. CBT leads to a clear, persuasive, and evidence-based description of how normal and abnormal behavior develops and changes (Kramer 293). The term “cognitive-behavioral therapy” or CBT is a term for therapies with many similarities.
I like that this approach focuses on challenging and changing the client’s cognitive distortions, core beliefs, automatic thoughts, and schemas. Another positive aspect is that this approach focuses on the cognitive triad, which consists of how one views the self, the world, and the future (Corey, 2009). Furthermore, CBT places responsibility on the individual to take an active role and make the changes to their thoughts and behaviors, both in and out of the therapy sessions (Corey, 2009). In order to bring about change, the client needs to understand that the primary source of difficulty lies in their belief system and how they perceive events (Kellogg & Young, 2008). CBT has manualized treatment techniques, is short-term, and teaches the client skills to change their thoughts or beliefs in the future (Kellogg &Young, 2008).
Depression is a serious mental disease to have but it is not the end of the world if someone has it because it can be treated if the person wants to be cured. Depression is not a disease that can be noticed on someone, it is something that is noticed by paying close attention to the person even then it is still hard to tell if someone has depression. This mental disease causes a painful experience for the person with it and the ones around him. In his book Mental Depression: Forms, Causes and Treatment Rafael D. Moy said, “Depression is a common but serious illness, and most who experience it need treatment to get better.”(2009) He proves the point that people should not underestimate depression, they should take it very serious and help the people that need to get rid of a depression because it is causing them emotional pain in their lives. Depression does not cause a certain type of symptom.
240) of an individu... ... middle of paper ... ... Behavioral Therapy of Depression: Theory, treatment, and empirical status. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 54(2), 257-62. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.library.capella.edu/docview/213172059?accountid=27965 Moran, M. (2011). Overlooked Psychotherapy Effective in Depression. Psychiatric News, 46(8), 1-1, 28.
The recognition and management of early psychosis: a preventive approach. New York: Cambridge University Press. Morrison, A. P. (2002). A casebook of cognitive therapy for psychosis. London: Psychology Press.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Depression Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of correcting invalid thought patterns to a more positive view of the person and their place in their world. Some people do not believe that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a real treatment for depression, claiming it is a form of positive thinking ("The Daily Mail," 2009). On the opposite end of the spectrum, others argue that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy should be used in all therapies for depression as it allows the patient to take an active role in their treatment. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the benefit of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a viable treatment of depression, either as a stand-alone therapy or in conjunction with other therapies. What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
With the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy people become knowledgeable with their perceptions of specific influences. Goals and Interventions Cognitive Behavioral therapy is a traditional therapeutic approach that contains goals and interventions based on observable behaviors and cognitive thinking. Several goals of the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are to reduce behavioral stress and decrease psychological distress of experiences, to explore the relations with clients on their thoughts on their problems and to help them improve their mood and become self-efficient. These goals apply to Ana’s case because she needs therapy to change her thought process and her form of thinking. Other goals indicators include positive reinforcement of behavior and changes of feeling outcomes.
Cognitive therapy has two steps. The first step allows a patient to form clear ideas based on his or her own thoughts, attitudes, and expectations. These clear ideas reveal and change false and stressful beliefs patients have, because situations do not cause problems alone, but the importance of them to patients cause issues as well (“Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” 2-3). The second step in cognitive therapy allows people to learn new ways to replace the dangerous thought patterns of over-generalizations, also known as drawing exaggerated negative conclusions from situations. Changing the old behavioral habits, and practicing new ones allow patients to have more realistic and less harmful thoughts, letting them think clearly and control their own thought patterns.