Although CBT is often referred to as a unitary treatment, it is actually a diverse collection of complex and subtle interventions that must each be mastered and understood from the social learning perspective (Reinecke, Dattilio, & Freeman, 2003). According to Graham (2005), CBT aims to change a patient’s unhealthy behaviour through examining assumptions behind the thought patterns (cognitive restruction) and also through using behaviour therapy techniques. In CBT, therapist and patient work with each other to identify the thoughts that may cause distress, and the therapist employs behavioural therapy techniques to modify the resulting behaviour. It aims to address patients’ certain fundamental core beliefs (schemas) that lead to negative influences on their behaviour and functioning (Rufer et al, 2000). CBT is the treatment option for some mental disorders, such as depression, dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, hypochondriasis, insomnia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and panic disorder without agoraphobia (Clark, 1986).
1. I want to look at Cognitive psychotherapy and Behavioral psychotherapy. Cognitive psychotherapy uses the ABC model as a base. Albert Ellis created this model. The ABC model stands includes the following: A – activating even, a problem, or a negative event, B – beliefs or interpretations or expectations, and C – consequences, both feelings and behaviors.
Consequently, cognitive behavioral therapies are seen to be developed to address specific contents in mind which means they are ‘disorder specific’. Therapeutic approach In order to work effectively, cognitive behavioral therapies as the term suggests combine both the cognitive and the behavioral strategies in helping people with psychological distress. The cognitive part of the therapy helps the affected person become aware of distortions in their thoughts that cause psychological distress while the behavioral part helps the affected person realize the patterns that are used in reinforcing as well as treating them. The most significant insight of cognitive therapy as originally formulated by Dr. Beck over three decades ago is that thoughts act as a go-between between stimuli, such as external events as well as emotions. From the illustration in the figure below, it is stimulus that elicits a thought, which might be an evaluative decision of some kind which in turn results to an
Postmodern counseling approaches have begun to challenge the paradigms of modernistic counseling theories. Modern theories emphasize the use of empirically validated treatment approaches to psychotherapy. The modernistic therapy perspective endorses the premise that psychological problems are the result of disturbances in cognitive processes. The focus of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is on helping clients to examine and restructure their core beliefs in order to reorganize one’s behavior. Postmodern approaches to therapy, however, stress the importance of context in people’s social and interpersonal world.
My Philosophical Approach to Counseling Definition of Existential Therapy One survey taken by Corey suggests a definition of Existential Therapy include two key elements: Existential Therapy is essentially an approach to counseling and therapy rather than a firm theoretical model, it stresses core human conditions. Normally, personality development is based on the uniqueness of each individual. Sense of self develops from infancy. Self determination and a tendency toward growth are control ideas. Focus is on the present and on what one is becoming; that is the approach has a future orientation.
So CBT tries to tackle our thoughts, feelings and behavior. Scientific research has shown that cognitive behavioral therapy is affective for a wide range of mental health problems. The purpose is to bring positive change by alleviating emotional distress such as depression. CBT starts by breaking down your problems into smaller components, often trying to identify particular problematic thoughts or behavior. Once these problems are broken down it is then suggested a straightforward plan in which the patient and therapist can intervene to promote recovery.
My personal theoretical orientation to counseling is Cognitive-Behavioral therapy. Cognitive-Behavioral therapy helps the client to uncover and alter distortions of thought or perceptions which may be causing or prolonging psychological distress. The theoretical foundations of CBT are essentially those of the behavioral and cognitive approaches. CBT leads to a clear, persuasive, and evidence-based description of how normal and abnormal behavior develops and changes (Kramer 293). The term “cognitive-behavioral therapy” or CBT is a term for therapies with many similarities.
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the main assumptions as well as techniques of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Reality Therapy, and Solution Focused Therapy; and to compare, contrast, and state the strengths and limitations/weakness of each therapy. In addition, expand on why Solution Based Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy may work best out of all three therapy methods, with adolescents who have substance abuse problems. The first therapy to discuss is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, otherwise know as CBT. The main focus of CBT therapy is a “functional analysis of the thinking and behavioral process” (Content Guide 4, n.d.). This being said, CBT has been effective in the treatment of those struggling with substance
The Clinical Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is based on the concept that behavior change may be achieved through altering cognitive processes. The assumption underlying the cognitively based therapeutic techniques is that maladaptive cognitive processes lead to maladaptive behaviors and changing these processes can lead to behavior modification. According to Mahoney (1995), an individual's cognitions are viewed as covert behaviors, subject to the same laws of learning as overt behaviors. Since its inception, cognitive-behavior modification has attempted to integrate the clinical concerns of psychodynamic psychotherapists with the technology of behavior therapists (Mahoney, 1995). Cognitive-behaviorists have demonstrated an interrelationship among cognitive processes, environmental events, and behavior, which is conveyed in the context of one's social behavior.
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy has its foundations in two distinctive therapeutic theories, Cognitive Therapy and Behavioural Therapy. Cognitive Therapy (CT) believes that thoughts, feelings and behaviour are connected. CT states and an individual with help; can identify an issue that is causing a behavioural or an emotional response and correcting that thinking to achieve a desired outcome. Behavioural Therapy believes that individual’s behaviour is due to conditioning during the early years of life and as such can be altered with conscious awareness. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy is a combination of both of these theories and is based on an individual’s own history of thought an... ... middle of paper ... ...he therapy is over.