The normal electrical balance in the brain is lost, the nerve cells misfire, and there is a sudden, brief, uncontrollable burst of abnormal electrical activity. This causes out of sync signals from the brain to misfire (Sahoo, 2014). There are over 3 million people who suffer from epilepsy in the United States alone, with most of them being diagnosed by the time they are twenty-five years old. ( Epilepsy Foundation, 2014). More interesting than the seizures and epilepsy itself, are the effects that it has on the brain and the emotional side effects from continuous seizures and the medication that is given to maintain stabilization in the brain.
Two to four out of a thousand are affected in the industrialized United States; however, with the introduction of new preventive measures the numbers of cerebral palsy victims born each year are expected to decline. (Anee Stanford, General Information about Cerebral Palsy, page 1&2) Brain damage before or at birth is the leading cause of cerebral palsy. Traumatic delivery due to either, a large fetal head, a small maternal pelvis, forceps compression, and/or the partial separation of the placenta may cause this condition. Other causes include oxygen deprivation due to excessive anesthesia, delayed spontaneous respiration, or sev...
In a study of mothers recovering from addiction, Harmer, Sanderson, and Mertin (1999) found that the majority of mothers in the sample reported aversive childhood experiences that were significantly more frequent than th... ... middle of paper ... ...dge and bolster achievement (Conners, Robert, Leanne, Jeffrey, Tracy, Ken, and James, 2004). Social skills are crucial factors in our contemporary society. Children must learn how to socialize with others for their future success and development. Substance-abusing parents are more likely to limit their children’s social skills by creating unstable home environments. In conclusion, it is shocking that more than seven millions of children have at least one parent who is dependent on alcohol or other illicit drugs.
As humun beings, people need to brainstorm a solution for this problem. A single solution to this social problem happening in the U.S. is for social workers to be more involved with children and families. Child abuse has been going on since the day earth was created. Every year over 3 million children are abused. On top of that, the fatality rate for children who have been abused has increased tremendiously.
Also, known as the Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS). The New York State Department of Health website provided statistics on SBS in which they reported an estimated of 1,000 to 3,000 children within the United States affected by Shaken Baby Syndrome each year. one fourth of victims dies and 80 percent of the survivors suffer from life-long permanent damage to the brain (Shaken Baby Syndrome-Facts and Figures ). Society would need to be more aware of their surroundings, educate, and empower one another raise public awareness more often then
Within the limbic system, the hypothalamus, basal ganglia, amygdala, and hippocampus are affected. In the reward center, the nucleus acumens, a place where dopamine neurons are prevalent, is affected (Hallucinogens). In each part of the brain, action potentials or inhibitory responses to MDMA cause the side effects felt by users. The neocortex is responsible for memory and altered perceptions, while the limbic system influences changes in moods, emotions, and feelings of anxiety. The hippocampus is also responsible for memory, while the nucleus acumens is said to be responsible for feelings of pleasure or the reinforcing effects of MDMA.
Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder is a neurobehavioral disorder that affects thousands of people in the United States. Over the past decade, media focuses have been primarily on children with the disorder and the effects of the traditionally used medication, Ritalin. It is important to note that A.D.D. does not target only children, but it also greatly affects adults because it is not a condition than can be outgrown or cured. Furthermore, it has become critical, since more doctors have become specialists on this disorder, thus presenting the many ways in which it affects the life of a human being.
Researchers found that, at some point during the 3 year following maltreatment investigation, 28 percent of children have chronic health conditions.” (Long-Term Consequences, 2). 28% of children abused end up having a chronic health condition. Examples of chronic health conditions are asthma, cancer, eating disorders, heart disease, and RSD. Not only is there chronic health conditions but there are also traumatic events “causing important regions of the brain to fail to form or grown properly.” (Long-Term Consequences, 3). If the brain fails, it can cause serio... ... middle of paper ... ...s Munchausens by Proxy.
These destructive experiences impact on the developing child, increasing the risks for emotional, behavioral, social and physical problems throughout life. The purpose of this paper is to outline how these experiences may result in such increased risks by influencing the development of the child’s psychology. Psychological Development Child abuse is not a new problem. Each year in the United States alone, there are over three million children who are abused or neglected by their parents or caregivers. Many are brutally beaten and permanently injured.
We wouldn’t be able to function properly without dopamine. Drugs can affect the brain by entering the brain’s communication system and disrupt the information processes of neurons. Drugs cause disruption by imitating the neurotransmitters made in the brain and overstimulation of reward centers, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIH). Since drugs like marijuana and heroin have similar structures to neurotransmitters in the brain, these drugs can cause disruption to neural messages between nerve cells. Drugs such as cocaine and meth can cause nerve cells to produce excess amounts of neurotransmitters like dopamine or prevent... ... middle of paper ... ...pa. Galelotti states “ when administered with carbidopa, levodopa’s ( L-dopa) effects are enhanced because carbidopa increases L-dopa transport to the brain and decreases its gastrointestinal metabolism.