“The Effects of Family and Community Violence on Children.” Annual Review of Psychology 51 (2000): 445 – 479. PsychINFO Web. 30 Jan. 2014. Margolin, Gayla, and Katrina A. Vickerman. “Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: Overview and Issues.” Professional Psychology Research and Practice 38.6 (2007): 613 – 619.
Journal of Family Violence, 22, 487-499. doi: 10.1007/s10896-007-9113-z Wolfe, D. A., Crooks, C. V., Lee, V., McIntyre-Smith, A., & Jaffe, P. G. (2003). The Effects of Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: A Meta-Analysis and Critique. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 6(3), 171-187. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Zimet, D. M., & Jacob, T. (2001).
Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48(3), 345-355. doi:10.1007/s00127-012-0549-y Wark, M., Kruczek, T., & Boley, A. (2003). Emotional neglect and family structure: impact on student functioning. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(9), 1033-1043. doi:10.1016/S0145-2134(03)00162-5 Wright, M. O. ’., Crawford, E., & Del Castillo, D. (2009).
The more categories that the child falls into, the more likely they are to develop mental health issues later on in their life (Meltzer, Doos, Vostanis, Ford, and Goodman, 2009). The research conducted by Meltzer et al. (2009), was used to study the factors that were intertwined with domestic violence, as well as to better understand the needs of children who have witnessed the violence at a young age. In the article “The Mental Health of Children Who Witness Domestic Violence”, Meltzer et al. (2009) noted that domestic violence is not only limited to seeing the actual violent acts taking place, but it also includes witnessing the outcomes of the violence.
(2010). The effects of child abuse and exposure to domestic violence on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Journal Of Family Violence, 25(1), 53-63. Sternberg, K. J., Lamb, M. E., Greenbaum, C., Cicchetti, D., Dawud, S., Cortes, R. M., Krispin, O., & Lorey, F. (1993). Effects of domestic violence on children's behavior problems and depression.
Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 797-810. Osofsky, J. D. (2003). Prevalence of children's exposure to domestic violence and child maltreatment: Implications for prevention and intervention. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6(3), 161-170.
Effects of Child Abuse on Children: Abuse in General. FindCounseling.com, Apr. 2001. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/child-abuse/child-abuse-effects.html Saisan, MSW, Joanna, Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., and Melinda Smith, M.A.,.
Children from divorce or separation often exhibit behavioral and long-term adjustment problems (Kelly, 2000). Throughout this paper I will discuss divorces effects on children at different age levels, how they react, and what can be done to help them. When a couple with a child chooses to get a divorce this can have major impact on a child at any age. There are many causes of stress throughout the divorce process that can negatively affect children. First, negative reactions and behaviors are dependent upon the situation before the divorce.
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(2), 262-271. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01537 Kamsner, S., & McCabe, M. P. (2000). The relationship between adult psychological adjustment and childhood sexual abuse, childhood physical abuse, and family-of-origin characteristics. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(12), 1243-1261. doi:10.1177/088626000015012001 Starr, R., & Wolfe, D. A. (1991). Life-span developmental outcomes of child maltreatment.