The Child Abuse Epidemic in the United States

2310 Words10 Pages
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 3.3 million referrals for alleged maltreatment were made in 2013. Out of the 3.3 million referrals, 899,000 children were officially documented as being maltreated(Child Abuse & Neglect 2015). Child abuse is the mistreatment of a child. Child abuse is recognized in several forms; physical, emotional, sexual and neglect. Children who experience any form of abuse will tend to withdraw themselves from their peers and sometimes from other family members who are not aware of what is taking place. Child abuse occurs not just in the homes of these children, but can also occur in schools, churches and after school programs. Anywhere a child is present there is a chance that abuse can occur. This paper will review the forms of child abuse, the effects of child abuse, reasons child abuse occurs and possible therapies to bring healing in the parties involved. Forms & Definition of Child Abuse Physical Abuse According to Trickett, Negreff, Ji and Peckins, physical abuse is defined as, “…any nonaccidental physical injury to a child (resulting from such acts such as striking, kicking, burning) perpetrated by a parent or caregiver” (2011). It is imperative for one to realize that physical abuse is not only committed by a parent and that the caregiver can also include, but is not limited to an older sibling, grandparent, aunt, uncle, teacher, or church worker. Physical abuse is not just limited to those examples listed previously, but can also include biting, pinching, punching, and choking. According to Gill, “Children with special needs (physical disabilities or chronic illness, neurological impairment, mental health issues) that increase the caregiver’s burden are at increase... ... middle of paper ... ...e and child maltreatment: Implications for prevention and intervention. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6 (3), 161-170. Osofsky, J., & Lieberman, A. (2011). A call for intergrating a mental health perspective into systems of care for abused and neglected infants and young children. American Psychologist, 66(2), 120-128. Springer, C., & Misurell, J. (2010). Game-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (gb-cbt): An innovative group treatment program for children who have been sexually abused. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 3, 163-180. Teisl, M., & Cicchetti, D. (2008). Physical abuse, cognitive and emotional processes, and aggressive/disruptive behavior problems. Social Development, 17, 1-23. Trickett, P., Negriff, S. J., & Peckins, M. (2011). Child maltreatment and adolescent development. Journal of Research on Addolescence, 21 (1), 3-20.

More about The Child Abuse Epidemic in the United States

Open Document