Autism Spectrum Disorders: Social Cognitive Analysis

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Introduction This paper will serve as a review of studies regarding the effects of cognitive therapy on the social cognition of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The disorders that fall under the category of Autism Spectrum vary in intensity, behaviors, and symptoms. Some of the characteristic deficits include social reciprocity, communication deficits, and repetitive behaviors. All of these can have a significant impact on the socialization of children on the spectrum. Social cognition refers to the child’s ability to recognize and interpret verbal and non-verbal, social as well as emotional cues. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that aims at understanding the thought process behind the behaviors in an effort to create more positive outcomes. There are several …show more content…

Measures utilized to collect date were: the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), Differential Ability Scales-Second Edition (DAS-II), Adaptive Behavior Assessment System- Second Edition (ABAS-II), and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Behavior Inventory (PDDBI). ADOS and DAS-II are both child based measures. ADOS is an assessment tool that looks at communication and social skills in the diagnosis of autism. DAS-II tests the cognitive abilities of children from the age of 2.5 years to almost 8 years old. ABAS-II is a parent based measure that looks at adaptive behaviors in 3 conceptual domains and 10 adaptive skills areas. For the purpose of this study, only the Social Subscale and Social Composite scores were used. PDDBI is a form of teacher based measure that looks at behaviors in pervasive development disorders in 6 domains. However, only 2 domains, social pragmatic problems and social approach behavior, were used in this study (Locke et. al,

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