ABA Therapy and Autism

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Background Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that effects the brains development. It is characterized by affecting communication, cognition and social interaction. The spectrum of the disorders ranges from a mild condition called Asperger’s syndrome to a more severe form, which severely impairer’s development. The Office of Communications and Public Liaison states that the disorder affects one and eighty-eight children, however ASD effects boys more frequently than girls (Office of Communications and Public Liaison, 2013). ASD emerges in all age, ethnic and socioeconomic groups. The significant varied character and severity of the disorder is why ASD is considered a spectrum that poses a broad range of symptoms. Children who suffer from ASD usually have the appearance of normal development and then become withdrawn and regress from social interaction (Melinda Smith, 2013). The impaired social interaction of the disorder affects communication both verbally and non- verbally (Melinda Smith, 2013). Their communication with others and the world around them is also affected, as well as their thinking and behavior (Melinda Smith, 2013). Completed Studies involving ABA therapy have shown improvements in communication, social relationship’s, and school for children who suffer from Autism Spectrum Disorder. Results also showed that ABA also increased participation in family and community activities. MY theory involves creating individual customized intervention plans that will addresses the specific need of the participant, while also teaching the parent. Logically parents are our first teachers, and with that being said if parents are trained the progress would be more significant than without their participation. There is no kn... ... middle of paper ... .... Don H. Hockenbury TulsaCommunity College. (2011). Discovering PSYCHOLOGY FIFTH EDITION. new york: Worth Publishers. Medicine, Louis P. Hagopian & Eric W. Boelter The Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of. (2012). Applied Behavior Analysis and Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Retrieved from Kennedy Krieger Institute: http://www.kennedykrieger.org/patient-care/patient-care-programs/inpatient-programs/neurobehavioral-unit-nbu/applied-behavior-analysis Melinda Smith, M. J. (2013, November). Autism Symptoms & Early Signs. Retrieved from HELPGUIDE.ORG A TRUSTED NON-PROFIT RESOURSE: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/autism_signs_symptoms.htm Office of Communications and Public Liaison. (2013, November 6). NIH. Retrieved from National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm#243513082

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