3 men form the first triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Pompeii, and Crassus. Julius Caesar became the victor. He was then rewarded dictator for life. On the date September 23, 63 BC a boy was born. He was originally Caesar's grand-nephew.
Octavian enabled the long, nonviolent time of the Pax Romana, (Latin for Roman peace) by changing Rome from a frail, collapsing republican government to a powerful empire. He is known as the first, and one of the greatest, Roman Emperors ever. Octavian was born on September 23, 63 BC, and died in 14 AD. Born with the name Gaius Octavius Thurinus, he was adopted posthumously by his great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar via his will, and then was named Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus. This happened in 44 BC when his great uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated by a group of conspirators.
(Balsdon 81) This united Julius Caesar and Marcus Licinius Crassus. They also found common cause with Pompey the Great. (Balsdon 81) Caesar governed Spain for about a year, afterwards he returned to Rome. The three men decided to join forces into a three-way alliance, known as the First Triumvirate. (White 22) Caesar was elected consul in fifty nine BC despite optimate bitterness, and that year after he was appointed governor of the Roman Gaul.
When Julius was stabbed to death in 44 BC, 19-year-old Augustus (vroma), went to Rome to collect his inheritance as the direct heir of Julius (Divine). Augustus created a new triumvirate with two other men when he went to Rome: Mark Antony, a close friend of Julius, and Marcus Lepidus, a general in Julius’s army (12). The first thing that Augustus did with his new power, was pursue revenge for his uncle’s death. The triumvirate hunted down the conspirators to Greece (PBS), where they waged a war against Brutus and Cassius at Phillipi and defeated them in two battles (12). After defeating the conspirators of Julius’s death, Antony and Augustus pushed Marcus Lepidus aside so that they could have more power for themselves.
These actions took Octavian Augustus many years and many conflicts, but at the end he left a glorious empire. The city of Rome saw the birth of one of its most important rulers on September 23, 63 BCE. In those times he was called Gaius Octavius in honor of his dad that was a senator when Octavian was still a little kid. Octavian had an important participation with Rome's leader of that time, Julius Caesar because of the fact that Octavian's mother was The Caesar's niece. The relation
The year following, his father, Domitius, died of edema, and Nero’s inheritance was seized by his uncle Caligula, the emperor at the time. Nero was not left parentless or powerless for long. In the year 41 A.D., Caligula along with his family was murdered and Claudius became the emperor of Rome. Claudius allowed the return Agrippina and took her as his fourth wife. Nero, who was now Claudius’ oldest song and consequently his heir, was next in line for the throne.
When Pompey was just 17 he fought, along with his father, on the side of Lucius Cornelius Sulla against the army of Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Cinna. In the year of 84 bc he had raised three legions defeat Marian army. Pompey later defeated Marian army. Then Pompey was sent to destroy the rest of the Marian army in Africa and Sicily. On his triumphant return to Rome he was honored with the title Magnus, or the Great.
Julius Ceaser was the Roman general and statesman, who laid the foundations of the Roman imperial system. Born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC, Caesar belonged to the prestigious Julian clan; yet from early childhood he knew controversy. His uncle by marriage was Gaius Marius, leader of the populares. This party supported agrarian reform and was opposed by the reactionary optimates, a senatorial faction. Marius was seven times consul , and the last year he held office, just before his death in 86 BC, he exacted a terrifying toll on the optimates.
Marius’ enemy Sulla, leader of the optimates, carried out the attack. On each occasion the massacre of political opponents was followed by the confiscation of their property. (Fowler, p.24)Caesar knew that his public speaking needed improvement, he therefore announced that he was leaving to study on the island of Rhodes. His professor was the famous Greek rhetorician, Apollonius Molon. When he was off the coast of Anatolia pirates kidnapped him.
Augustus, who was once named C. Octavius, was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar. Due to Caesar’s death from the uprising in 44 B.C., it was stated from his will, that Octavian was to be adopted as Caesar’s son. So his name was changed to C. Julius Caesar Octavianus (Porter, 2010). Later throughout his political and military career, he controlled Rome under the title Augustus (Brand, 2013). This begins a story of a young man to an emperor of the Roman world.