Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 28 Mar. 2011.
Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 8 Apr. 2011.
(2008). Treatment planning for panic disorder: Evidence-based treatments. Psychiatric Times, 25(2), 40-44,46. Retrieved July 4, 2014 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204570274?accountid=35796 Goodwin, R. D., Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2004).
There are three basic types of ADHD. They are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. (NIMH-ADHD) A child may have one, any combination of two or even all three of these types. If a child has a hard time keeping their mind on one thing or if they get bored easy they have a type of ADHD that is called inattention. If the child has hyperactivity ADHD, they are always moving, can’t sit still, and talk incessantly.
“The main symptom, (among the three main symptoms) of ADHD is the inability to pay attention. Kids may have trouble listening to a speaker, following directions, finishing tasks, or keeping track of personal items. They may daydream often and make careless mistakes” (WebMD). These characteristics belong to all children which ask the question, emphatically, is childhood ADHD over diagnosed? Pertaining to children, the inability to pay attention is followed by hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
The disorder occurs as much as four to nine times more in boys than in girls (Santrock, 2003). Some experts attribute the increase mainly to heightened awareness of the disorder. Others are concerned that many children are being diagnosed without undergoing extensive professional evaluation based on input from multiple sources. Signs of ADHD may be present in the preschool years. Pare... ... middle of paper ... ...n such as Ritalin to control their behavior (Kirst-Ashman, Zastrow, 2004).
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a very common disorder among children, and it has only increased throughout the years. “It is estimated that 3-5% of children have ADHD, accounting for approximately 2 million children in the United States” (Mattox, 2007). Mattox (2007) also makes note that boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD because they display more aggressive behaviors than girls do, which results in girls being diagnosed at a later age. The current diagnostic criterion for ADHD primarily focuses on significant hyperactivity and inattention. Aside from those two, in order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD the DSM-IV says symptoms must show begin to show before the age of seven, show impairment in two or more settings, the impairment must be clinically significant or affect academic functioning, and the symptoms cannot be explained by another mental disorder (Weis, 2008).