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Application of Person-centered Therapy to Meng's Case

Satisfactory Essays
Intervention Strategies that Focusing on Self-Concept & Incongruence

Rogers' theory emphatically emphasizes the therapist's attitudes and feelings, not techniques, in the therapy relationship (Brodley, 1998). Person-centered therapy stresses the importance of building a therapeutic relationship that the client feels comfortable to express himself/herself, to trust the therapy, to grow and make therapeutic changes. In person-centered counseling, the relationship that the therapist provides for the client is not an intellectual one. The therapist cannot help the client by the professional knowledge or theories. Explaining the client’s personality and behavior to the client and prescribing actions that the client should take, are of little last value. Instead, person-centered therapist should establish a relationship that is helpful to enable the client to discover within himself/herself the capacity.

Although there are no specific intervention strategies in person-centered therapy, Carl Rogers hypothesized that client’s capacity to grow and self-actualize will be most facilitated and released when the therapist can create a psychological climate characterized by
(a) congruence; (b) unconditional positive regards; and (c) empathic understanding. These not only serve as hypotheses, but also desirable goals as well as counseling manners in person-centered therapy.
(a) Congruence
The very first thing the person-centered therapist has to do is to build a nonthreatening psychological atmosphere conducive to client’s growth and therapeutic change- the therapist is characterized by congruence in the therapeutic relationship. Congruence here means the degree to which the therapist is “being self” in therapy. The therapist is unified, integ...

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... therapy through explicit empathic responses, in order to check my inner understandings (Temaner, 1982; Rogers, 1986). In the process of empathic understanding response interactions the therapist is highly attuned and responsive to the client's feelings. In other words, person-centered empathic understanding refer to the client's entire internal frame of reference which includes perceptions, ideas, meanings and the emotional-affective components connected (Brodley, 1996).

Empathic Understanding is something more than just “active listening” or “making reflection”(Gordon, 1970). These techniques might be helpful to clients and may promote a therapeutic change process, but they are not appreciative of Rogers’ conception of therapeutic understanding. Rogers’ theory identified two major aspects of empathic understanding: immediacy and communication (Hamilton, 2003).
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