America is the land of opportunity, but to be fully qualified for the status, it needs to be “color-blind, race-blind, and gender-blind.” Affirmative Action began as a way to stop discrimination, but as new laws have been added to it, it has become reverse discrimination. Everyone has the opportunity to be a great addition to society. It is an immense injustice for people to say that someone of a different race or gender is not capable of achieving the same status in life as a white male. Through this paper, the concepts of affirmative action will be analyzed and discussed.
Affirmative Action in the United States Affirmative Action in the United States consists of the active efforts that take into account race, sex and national origin for the purpose of remedying and preventing discrimination. Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the federal government requires certain businesses and educational institutions that receive federal funds to develop affirmative action programs. Such policies are enforced and monitored by both The Office of Federal Contract Compliance and The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (Lazear 37). The most noteworthy criticism of affirmative action is that of the white male population who insists that such programs are forms of "reverse discrimination".
According to Corley, Reed, Shedd, and Morehead, (2001) “the most important statue eliminating discriminatory employment practices, however, is the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act o 1972 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991.” The appropriation section o...
Affirmative Action Because economic, social, gender and racial inequalities exist within the American population, it is in the best interest of its people and government to take action to amend these problems. Since the U.S has a capitalistic based economy, there is little that the government can do to completely end all inequalities. However, it can try to remedy racial and gender discrimination. The most realistic and supported program is Affirmative Action, which has many key issues: does the government have the right to enforce “reverse discrimination” or is it right to take race or gender into account for purposes of diversity and equality when evaluating college or job applications?
The civil rights act outlawed discrimination based on color, sex, and religion against any individuals. The civil rights act outlawed segregation in business such as theaters, restaurants, and hotels. The Title VII of the civil rights act model the Equal Employment Opportunity Commision to implement law(The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission).The civil rights act of 1964 is considered one of the crowning legislative achievement of the civil rights movement. Throughout the winter and spring, early 1964, Johnson applied his formidable legislative acumen and skills to push the bill through congress. On January 21, 1964, President Johnson met with with Clarence Mitchell and Joseph Rauh discuss legislative strategy( A Long Struggle for Freedom The Civil Rights Act of
Before the Civil Rights Act was signed, America was divided into two groups between the black and white people. In the 1800s segregation laws were very popular in the South, knows as the Jim Crow Laws. Black and white people were segregated in schools, in restaurants, in restrooms, on public transportation. Blacks were discriminated on voting rights and holding offices. However, in 1963 President John F. Kennedy took action regarding race discrimination. He believed that every American should receive an equal treatment, and proposed civil rights legislations. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed by president Johnson ending race segregation in public places and employment discrimination (history. com). Years after Congress has expanded the civil right act and pass additional legislation which brought more equality to Africans Americans. The Civil Rights Movements of the 1960s has started a meaningful social change to America, and highly contribute to the process of building a better society, however in the past year, we can still face race discrimination in our society.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 resulted from one of the most litigious House and Senate debates in history. It contained some of the most controversial equal rights legislation since emancipation. The bill actually evolved from previous civil rights bills in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s. The bill passed through both houses finally on July 2, 1964 and was signed into law at 6:55 P.M. EST by President Lyndon Johnson. The act was originally drawn up in 1962 under President Kennedy before his assassination. President Johnson made a statement after the assassination on the civil rights bill, “Let us continue the ideas and the ideals which [Kennedy] so nobly represented m...
Racial unrest by the summer of 1963 was at its height since the Civil War. President Kennedy picked up the situation at the close of the Eisenhower years at a time when tensions were rapidly increasing. By the summer of 1963, however, after a series of violent demonstrations in the South, particularly in Birmingham, Alabama, President Kennedy pushed for a very strong civil rights bill in Congress. The first of its kind since the Civil War, this bill drastically called for the end of all segregation in all public places. In the eyes of the civil rights movement leaders, this bill was long over due.
"Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the single most important piece of legislation that has helped to shape and define employment law rights in this country (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2001)". Title VII prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, age, gender, disability, religion and national origin. However, it was racial discrimination that was the moving force of the law that created a whirlwind of a variety of discriminations to be amended into Title VII. Title VII was a striving section of legislation, an effort which had never been tried which made the passage of the law an extremely uneasy task. This paper will discuss the evolution of Title VII as well as the impact Title VII has had in the workforce.
After the United States Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in 1964, it became apparent that certain business traditions, such as seniority status and aptitude tests, prevented total equality in employment. Then President, Lyndon B. Johnson, decided something needed to be done to remedy these flaws. On September 24, 1965, he issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors “to take Affirmative Action to ensure that applicants are employed . . . without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin (Civil Rights).” With the signing of that order, and without knowing it, President Johnson created reverse discrimination.