Description of the Clostridium Difficile Bacteria

explanatory Essay
1362 words
1362 words

Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile) is a bacteria-related gastrointestinal infection that is caused (etiology) by the use of antibiotics therapy or exposure to the C. difficile spores (Swartz, 2013). According to published reports compiled by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), National Safety Network (NHSN), and the Center for Disease Control Prevention (CDC), the rate of CDI have a major financial impact (costs associated with medical management of CDI) on health care institution across the United States. CDI is major concern for hospital administrators and patients at Sharp Grossmont Hospital (SGH) and other in hospitals within the Sharp Healthcare Network (SHN). According to data released by CPDH and the CDC, from January to December 2012 three hospitals within the (SHN) reported 136 new cases of CDI. Statistical data also show that 20,000 to 34,000 patients were admitted or readmitted to the hospitals for recurrent complications related to CDI such as electrolyte imbalance, nutrition deficits, and systemic bacteremia (CDPH, 2013).

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Program

According to Rohike and Stollman (2012), fecal microbiotic transplantation (FMT) first was used in 1958, as a treatment option for patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea. However, the procedure was rarely performed or used in medical practice in the United States and in other countries. Because of increasing incidences and severity of CDI, FMT has gain acceptance as a quick and inexpensive treatment option (Brandt, 2012) for recurrent CDI. FMT involves the instillation of fecal material from a healthy individual into the intestinal track of a patient with recurrent CDI. Fecal material can be administered via endoscopy and colon...

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...ology & Hepatology, 8(3), 191-194.

* Swartz, T. (2013). Cutting C. diff by 70%. Healthcare Leadership Review, 32(11), 7-9. Retrieved from

Borkowski, N. (2005). Organizational behavior in health care. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Pathak, R., Enuh, H.A., Patel, A., & Wickremesinghe, P., (2013). Treatment of relapsing Clostridium difficile infection using fecal microbiota transplantation. Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology, 2014 (7), 1-6.

*Rohike, F., & Stollman, N. (2012). Fecal microbiota transplantation in relapsing Clostridium difficile infection. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. 5 (6), 403-419.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that clostridium difficile (c. difficile) is a bacteria-related gastrointestinal infection caused by the use of antibiotics therapy or exposure to the spores.
  • Explains that fecal microbiotic transplantation (fmt) is a quick and inexpensive treatment option for recurrent cdi.
  • Explains that health care organizations receive reimbursement from third party payers and from the centers for medicare and medicaid services (cms) for performing fmt procedures.
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