There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. Although both types of this virus can be transmitted via skin to skin and skin to body contact, there are differences (AVERT, 2014)(Wallace, 2009). HIV-1, is the virus mostly referred to when of HIV and hence is the type that can rapidly destroy the immune system and progress to AIDS. HIV-2, (rare and uncommon in most areas) is pervasive in West Africa. HIV-2 said to be less easily transmitted as the characterized in having a longer asymptomatic stage.
HIV in Africa
Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in developing countries (WHO, 2015), one in which Africa (Wallace 2012). The Sub-Saharan regions of Africa, where nearly 1 in every 20 adults are living with HIV and accounting for more than two thirds (71%) of the people living with HIV worldwide (WHO,2015)(Wallace, 2014), is still the most severely affected region in the world. In 2013, an estimated 1.5 million people in this region became newly infected. Mortality in this region is also proportionally high, as an estimated 1.1 million adults and children died of AIDS in 2013(AFMA, 2014). The Sub-Saharan region alone, accounted for 73% of the world’s AIDS deaths for 2013 (AFMA, 2014).
Swaziland is one of the most severely HIV-affected countries. The first AIDS case in Swaziland was reported in 1987(WHO, 2015). Located in Southern Africa, one in four adults are said to be living with HIV according to AVERT. HIV is number one among the top 10 causes of death in the county accounting for 37% of deaths. Since the first cases of AIDS were reported in the country in 1987, the virus has progressed rapidly, giving Swaziland the highest HIV prevalence in the world at 26.5% among adults between the ages of 15 and 49 years (...
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...gram include the lack of knowledge on HIV/ AIDS, poverty age level of material ( age appropriate),prices of condoms and lack of availability cultural beliefs/ family fiends influences of sexual behavior lack of funding to provide access to HIV testing, steadily increasing rates of HIV and lack of staff. Ensuing follow-up of clients who have received treatment is salon a challenge with this intervention. The program is monitored by, condom distribution, Air time/ media time (publications and communication), Number of HIV test given and Number of new HIV/AIDs cases.
In conclusion, with the help of partnerships and intervention programs it is hoped that the HIV/AIDs epidemic on Africa will come to an end. With the intervention targeting beliefs and community norms, behavior will also be influence hence reducing the disparity of transmissions between individuals.
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