The History of HIV

explanatory Essay
1456 words
1456 words

There are many inequities in this global world; should there be such gross inequities in the health of people around the world? We hear words like health gap, health care inequality and sustainability. What can be done to eliminate the health gap, health care inequities and maintain sustainability? The World Health Organization (WHO) and other organizations, private and public are working towards eliminating these disparities. Healthy People 2020 are one such goal that has achieved considerable progress in attaining sustainability in the pursuit of global health goals (Gostin et al., 2013). The health gap can be minimized through health strategies. Among them are essentials for all in this global world; clean air, water, healthy food and adequate housing with hygienic living conditions. Primary, secondary, tertiary prevention and care services should be available to all who seek health care services. The purpose of this paper is to exam a Healthy People 2020 health topic. This paper will discuss HIV; human immunodeficiency virus. This paper will assess, interpret, justify, evaluate and appraise HIV disease, its history, health statistics, preventive measures, the role of the nurse and finally an appraisal of the health programs and availability of supportive care. History of HIV Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) first came to light in 1981. There has been a long and arduous global effort on the prevention of HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus that is spread through body fluids that affect the specific T-cells of the immune system. Without treatment HIV infection leads to AIDS and there is no cure for AIDS. HIV infection can be controlled and the importance of primary pre... ... middle of paper ... website. (2013). Kippax, S., Stephenson, N., Parker, R. G., & Aggleton, P. (2013, August). Between individual agency and structure in HIV prevention understanding the middle ground of social practice [Journal]. American Journal of Public Health, 103 (8), 1367-1375. Nies, M. A., & McEwen, M. (2011). Community/public health nursing: Promoting the health of populations (5th ed.). St.Louis, MO: Saunders. Richter, M. S., Mill, J., Muller, C. E., Kahwa, E., Etowa, J., Dawkins, P., & Hepburn, C. (2013, March). Nurses’ engagement in AIDS policy development [Journal]. International Nursing Review, 60 (1), 52-58. Worldwide HIV & AIDS Statistics AVERT website. (2012).

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the prevalence of hiv is determined by the percentage of the population living with hiv. to understand how statistical data is formulated researchers and epidemiologists look at figures.
  • Explains the latest global statistics compiled by the who for december 2012 are as follows: people living with hiv globally are approximately 35 million, women make up 50 million and children 3.3 million.
  • Explains that the white house released the national hiv/aids strategy for the united states (nhas) in july 2010.
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