Theory Essays

  • Kuhn's Theory of Theories

    959 Words  | 2 Pages

    Without theories, scientists’ experiments would yield no significance to the world. Theories are the core of the scientific community; therefore figuring out how to determine which theory prevails amongst the rest is an imperative matter. Kuhn was one of the many bold scientists to attempt to bring forth an explanation for why one theory is accepted over another, as well as the process of how this occurs, known as the Scientific Revolution. Kuhn chooses to refer to a theory as a ‘paradigm’, which

  • Charles Berger's Theory, Theory Use, And Position Theory

    1105 Words  | 3 Pages

    According to Charles Berger “A theory consists of a set of interrelated propositions that stipulate relationships among theoretical constructs and an account of the mechanism or mechanisms that explain the relationships stipulated in the propositions” (2005, p. 417). Emory Griffin also takes this broader view, writing that a theory is an idea “that explains an event or behaviour. It brings clarity to an otherwise jumbled situation; it draws order out of chaos…. [It] synthesizes the data, focuses

  • Crime Theories: Strain Theory, Social Bond Theory, and Differential-Association Theory

    973 Words  | 2 Pages

    even why something is. In the case of criminology the main question being asked is “why does crime occur?”, but some theories also attempt to answer another equally interesting question “if being a criminal is the easy choice, why are so many people law abiding?” in order to understand criminal behavior. In order for a hypothesis to be moved forward into the category of a theory it must first be tested, and those tests must be able to be reconfirmed. In the case of criminology most of this testing

  • Is Intelligent Design Theory A Scientific Theory?

    1471 Words  | 3 Pages

    Intelligent Design Theory a scientific theory? Does it make testable predictions? Is Darwinism a Scientific Theory? Does it make testable predictions? When analysing science and the concepts and arguments relating to scientific theory, it is important to separate an argument that has its foundations in science and that which sounds scientific but really should be labelled as pseudo-science. The distinction between the two was first analysed by Karl Popper, who viewed scientific theory in terms of testability

  • Reading Theory: An Analysis Of The Theories Of Reading

    848 Words  | 2 Pages

    going through the theories of reading, it seems essential to know what reading is according to the definitions of some scholars in the field of reading. As Smith (1978, p. 53) explains, reading “involves looking for meaning.” During such a unique, complex, creative, and constructive process as Broek and Kremer (2000) describe, the mind selects and organizes every things with the influence of the right mental purpose. Therefore, it looks logical to have an overview on the theories of reading at this

  • Theories of Mythology

    743 Words  | 2 Pages

    Theories of Mythology The definition of mythology is derived from the word “myth”. The word itself is developed from the Greek word “mythos”, which means sagas, legend, or fable. The word “myth” is a chronicle that seeks to prove the world around us and is passed down from generation to generation (Lincoln, 1999). It is the nature of humans to marvel about the unknown and explain the unaccountable. It is also the desire for knowing that has inspired humans to fabricate amazing stories of his

  • Contingency Theory

    1134 Words  | 3 Pages

    These changes are occurring at different areas and levels thus posing a challenge for the management of organisations (Burke and Cooper 2006), hence the importance of using theoretical approaches in organisational development. Organisational theories therefore can be seen as radical changes in organizational thinking based on the changes occurring in human resource management (HRM) (Hassard, et al 2013). Supporting the thinking of Suddaby et

  • Humanistic Theory vs. Evolutionary Theory

    919 Words  | 2 Pages

    Evolutionary theory is developed from Darwin’s argument that “suggests that a process of natural selection leads to the survival of the fittest and the development of traits that enable a species to adept to its environment. “ Many have taken this a step further by saying that our genetic inheritance determines not only our physical traits but also certain personality traits and social behaviors. There is such a controversy over significant

  • Armstrong's Theory Of The Achievement Goal Theory

    859 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Achievement Goal Theory (AGT; Nicholls, 1984) was developed in light of this criticism, to investigate the responses of an athlete to the type of career failure and/or decline that Armstrong experienced, particularly within a sporting context. This theory addresses the social-cognitive elements, which still provide a sound theoretical framework in the modern world of sport (Mallett & Hanrahan, 2004). AGT today is characterised by two types of motivation: Task goals and Ego goals. A task-orientated

  • Herbert Marcuse: The Theory Of Empowerment Theory

    809 Words  | 2 Pages

    The theory of empowerment is the way the status quo can successfully be transformed. According to this theory societies wanting to change the status quo will experience three different steps. The first step in the process is forming a normative goal; this is simply what you want to change to. The normative goal is what the goal of politics should be. Those who wish to change the status quo should have a normative goal know what they are seeking from the new system. The second step needed in the

  • Misattribution Theory

    1281 Words  | 3 Pages

    By and large, researchers assert that the customary understanding regarding research and the subsequent views garnered through the research of memory can straightforwardly provide justification for the understanding of false memories (Schacter, 1999). As a starting point it is easy to interpret the understanding of this theoretical paradigm by accepting that the reconstructive nature of memory was grounded in research by Bartlett’s 1932 study (as cited in Gleaves, et. al, 2004) in which he established

  • Empowerment Theory

    1825 Words  | 4 Pages

    will be discussing and analysing the application of empowerment theory on a placement practice example. This essay will first give a brief description and critique of empowerment theory. This essay will then discuss how this theory was applied in the practice example and will then analyse the effectiveness of this theory. This essay will then analyse the impact of power, ethics, and politics has on the application of empowerment theory in the example provided. This essay will then discuss the method

  • Sociological Theory

    588 Words  | 2 Pages

    Macrosociological Theory is the analysis of the organization and structure of society and its ability to create an environment that is conducive to criminal activity. In other words, “Is the whole of society interrelated or interdependent, if so, how does it affect crime?” or “Does society influence crime?” Microsociological Theory is the analysis of smaller portions of society (schools, family, and religion for example) and their correlation to the encouragement or ability to inhibit criminal

  • Definition Of Theory

    1224 Words  | 3 Pages

    definition of theory is a system of ideas intended to explain something. When focusing on Natural sciences, theory is defined as a set of principles that predict and explain a phenomena. When focusing on Human sciences the key words are to study and interpret social phenomena within a thought. The most important key words that one has to keep in mind are interpret, predict and explain. Acknowledging this, theories come in different category’s such as: Descriptive theories, theories predicting a phenomena

  • Theory Of Truth

    1306 Words  | 3 Pages

    to plug truth into context, multiple different theories are used to categorize truth. Three of which will be reflected in this essay in order to discuss some similarities, but furthermore to point out the differences of truth for the areas of knowledge, mathematics, natural science, and the arts. Three major theories of truth include: correspondence theory of truth, coherence theory of truth, and pragmatic theory of truth. The correspondence theory of truth claims that a statement is true if it corresponds

  • Labeling Theory

    685 Words  | 2 Pages

    The labeling theory can be defined as a theory based on social deviations which result in the labeling of an individual; however, this is a very simplified definition. This theory studies the process of social definition and society’s reaction to criminals and deviant behavior. It is unique in the way in which it concerns deviance. According to this theory, the importance of the study is heavily on the audience, not the individual who committed the crime. The importance of the study is primarily

  • Theories Of Institutionalism

    869 Words  | 2 Pages

    substance of cerebration. Hall and Rosemary introduce three theories of "Institutionalism": "Historical Institutionalism", "Rational Choice Institutionalism", and "Sociological Institutionalism". These theories were enhanced in response to the behavioral view that was legitimate amid the 1960's and 1970's and solicitations to clarify the parts of foundations in demonstrating social and political outgrowth. Among the three

  • Accounting Theory: A Statement Of Basic Accounting Theory

    1393 Words  | 3 Pages

    In 1966, A Statement of Basic Accounting Theory (ASOBAT) was published in the United States. After the publication of ASOBAT, fundamental changes had occurred. These changes indicated the growth of intellectual. However, these changes also brought some concerns because there was no simple theoretical answer to some of the professional problems. In 1973, there was a project initially commissioned by the Executive Committee of the American Accounting Association. The intention of that project was to

  • Nursing Theory: Maslow's Theory And Hierarchy Of Needs

    1407 Words  | 3 Pages

    kinds of theories that focus on different psychological, social, and human behaviors. Evaluating a theory is important to better understand the structure and its need for use in practice or study. Theory evaluation often generates new thoughts, strengths, and weaknesses of the theory examined (McEwen, 2014). Theories often display past behaviors and viewpoints and in the future applied to improve practice or gain further research within an area. Clarity and Design of the Theory The theory I chose

  • Theories Of Planned Behavior And Theory Of Reasoned Action

    607 Words  | 2 Pages

    The Theory of Planned Behavior and Theory of Reasoned Action. The theory of planned Behavior is one of the closely inter-related families of theories which adopt a perceptive tactic to explaining behavior which centers on individuals' attitudes and beliefs. The theory of planned behavior evolved from the theory of reasoned action, which predicts one's behavior with his actions. Theory of reasoned action asserts that intention of an action is as a result of attitude. With the theory of planned behavior