Enzyme Catalysis Essays

  • Comparing Free to Immobilised Amylase Enzyme in Its Catalysis Rate

    2467 Words  | 5 Pages

    Comparing Free to Immobilised Amylase Enzyme in Its Catalysis Rate Method: First of all, the Immobilised enzymes need to be made. The method used to create these immobilised enzymes would be Micro encapsulation. This means that the enzyme used, in this experiment being Amylase, is encapsulated inside Sodium alginate. The enzyme was believed to act quickly, so the enzyme would have to be slightly diluted in order to get a good range of results. !0cm³ of Amylase will be added to 20cm³ of

  • Lab Report on Measuring the Rate of Conversion of Hydrogen Peroxide using Enzyme Catalysis

    678 Words  | 2 Pages

    Report on Measuring the Rate of Conversion of Hydrogen Peroxide using Enzyme Catalysis In essence, the main objective was to use chemical titration to measure and then calculate the rate of conversion of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to water and oxygen by using the enzyme catalase. Other purposes of the lab were; to measure the effects of changes of temperature, pH, enzymes concentration, and substrate concentration on rates of an enzyme. The lab was also an opportunity to see a catalyzed reaction in a

  • Catalytic Mechanisms in Business

    710 Words  | 2 Pages

    What, if any, are the catalytic mechanisms in your organization? What is the link between vision, goals, and catalytic mechanisms? Collins implies that using catalytic mechanisms is not a widely employed management practice. Has that been your experience? What are the barriers to using catalytic mechanisms? What are the benefits? While the purpose of a catalytic mechanism is to essentially take a business “by it’s horns” and establish processes and core structures that works towards producing

  • Use of Nickel Catalysis

    1209 Words  | 3 Pages

    catalytic processes worldwide in 2005 [cite – wiki11]. The close affiliation of the catalysts and the process of catalysis to a variety of industries and the proximity of these industries with consumers raise questions regarding the application of catalysts and their effects on products. The economic benefits of catalysts become obvious when theoretical implications of the catalysis process are understood. Manufacturing of chemical products require some kind of reaction between two reactants. The

  • Catalysts and Chemical Reaction

    830 Words  | 2 Pages

    substances used to increase or decrease the rate of a chemical reaction. A catalyst is a substance which alters the rate of a chemical reaction but is chemically unchanged at the end of the reaction.The word catalysts originally comes from the word Catalysis meaning the change in rate of a chemical reaction. Catalysts unlike other substances, may participate in many chemical transformations but never consumed by the reaction itself. This means that, when a catalyst is added to two substances to increase

  • Importance Of Coordination Compounds

    1068 Words  | 3 Pages

    coordination compounds play important roles in homogenous and heterogeneous catalysis, water purification, analytical chemistry, solvent extraction, photography, metallurgy and electrochemistry. Coordination compounds can be found in nature, and are very vital to living organisms. These compounds occur as enzymes and are called metalloenzymes an example of these enzymes is carboxypeptidase [(CPD)Zn]. This is a hydrolytic enzyme which is important in digestion. With this compound the coordinated metal

  • Chymotrypsin Reaction Lab Report

    1847 Words  | 4 Pages

    Enzymes are vital in biochemical reactions since they are able to increase the rate of the reaction; therefore, it is essential to understand how enzymes function. Chymotrypsin, a serine protease, consists of a catalytic triad that achieves increasing the rate of reaction through the use of acid and base, covalent catalysis, and exploitation of binding interactions in its catalytic mechanism. It has a tendency to cleave peptide bonds adjacent to aromatic amino acids. In this experiment, we use p-nitrophenyl

  • Importance Of Chemical Kinetics

    803 Words  | 2 Pages

    chemical kinetics are concentration, temperature, and catalysis. As the concentration of a substance increases, the rate of the reaction also increases.1 This relationship is valid because when more of a substance is added in a reaction, it increases the likelihood that the

  • Dihydrofolate Reductase Lab Report

    1624 Words  | 4 Pages

    thermodynamic favorability, enzymes are able to catalyze reactions that would have never occurred on a reasonable human time scale. This paper will highlight the importance of an enzyme aptly named “dihydrofolate reductase”, which has an integral role in an essential metabolic pathway. Spanning across thousands of organisms, this particular enzyme is utilized for the recycling of dihydrofolate (figure 1), a useful byproduct generated from thymidylate synthase catalysis. Figure 1: Structure of

  • Enzyme Lab Report Essay

    629 Words  | 2 Pages

    Background Research Enzymes are very important parts of biology that allow many different chemical reactions in life to occur. An enzyme is a protein that acts as a catalyst to speed up chemical reactions. This process starts with with a substrate that is a molecule the enzyme is ,going to work on. The Substrate hooks onto the enzyme at the active site which is shaped specifically to a certain substrate shape. The process catalysis happens where the substrate is changed and when it breaks off

  • Catechol Oxidase Lab

    694 Words  | 2 Pages

    that speeds up chemical reactions and are inexhaustible are called enzymes. The substrate is the material that is being acted on by the enzyme. When it comes down to enzymes, they perform better. Enzymes work better due to the fact that they can bind to the change state better than the substrate. As this happens it can lower the beginning energy triggering the speed of a reaction to quicken. Catalysis is very crucial. Catalysis makes chemical reactions occur quicker than they would without any

  • Competency 208: Carbohydrate Metabolism

    1084 Words  | 3 Pages

    Metabolism, Adenosine Hadassah Backman, RN Western Governor’s University Enzymes, are macromolecules which serve as catalysts. Catalysts are a chemical that can increase the rate of a chemical reaction or slow it down, without being changed by the reaction itself. The enzyme as a catalyst promotes the activity of the reactant which subsequently produces the product. Enzymes have the ability to work under milder conditions, as they do not require the same level of energy

  • Michaelis-Menten Synthesis

    551 Words  | 2 Pages

    An enzyme can be defined as a protein that acts as a catalyst in a biological system. It increases the rate of reaction by decreasing the activation energy. The catalytic power and specificity of an enzyme can be altered by the binding of certain molecules. These molecules are referred to as inhibitors. An inhibitor works to prevent the formation, or to cause the breakdown of an enzyme-substrate compound. There are two categories of inhibitors. The first being irreversible inhibitors, and the second

  • Alkaline Phosphatase Lab Report

    1662 Words  | 4 Pages

    Constants of Alkaline Phosphatase were Determined from E. coli K-12 Cells Abstract Alkaline Phosphatase (APase) is an important enzyme in pre-diagnostic treatments making it an intensely studied enzyme. In order to fully understand the biochemical properties of enzymes, a kinetic explanation is essential. The kinetic assessment allows for a mechanism on how the enzyme functions. The experiment performed outlines the kinetic assessment for the purification of APase, which was purified in latter experiments

  • Essay On The Effect Of Ph On Catalase

    777 Words  | 2 Pages

    The activity of an enzyme might be influenced by several factors such as temperature and pH. Each enzyme usually has a given optimal pH needed for its functioning. Within that particular pH value, the enzyme can perform a chemical reaction at the highest possible rate. An increase or decrease in pH from the optimal value usually result in decrease in the enzyme’s activity (Harkness & Cockburn, 2012). Objective The lab experiment aimed at investigating the effect of acid or pH on the activity of

  • Enzyme Lab Report

    536 Words  | 2 Pages

    Introduction Enzymes are classified as being a class of proteins. In other words, the basic structures of enzymes are formed by chains of amino acids. Enzymes, as all other kind of structures, can breakdown in some circumstances. The pH, for instance, is one of the factors that affect the enzymes. Changes in pH not only affect the shape of an enzyme, but it also charges properties of substrate, which will eventually block the bind of the substrate with the active site and prevent it to undergo catalysis

  • Lactase Enzyme Analysis

    699 Words  | 2 Pages

    The enzyme is a protein that acts as a catalyst, lowering the activation energy needed for reactions to progress in cells. The reaction can still occur without the presence of the enzyme, but at a much slower rate. Activation energy is considered the minimum amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction to occur, yielding products from a given set of reactants. The shape of enzymes determines its function and which substrate the enzyme binds to and catalyzes is determined by the shape of its binding

  • Essay On Enzymes

    791 Words  | 2 Pages

    Enzymes are the protein molecules that can rapidly increase the rate of all chemical reactions that are ongoing within our body and cells. They are essential to sustain life and have a great range of functions; these can include aiding digestion and maintaining metabolism. Enzymes can be molded into different, unique and complex shapes that can allocate smaller molecules, known as substrates, to fit into them. A common term that this is known by is called the lock and key fit. The lock is known as

  • Enzymes

    1005 Words  | 3 Pages

    Enzymes Enzymes are biological catalysts. A catalyst is defined as a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanentchange. Enzymes do precisely this in living things. Without them, the rate of the reactions would be so slow as to cause serious, if not fatal, damage. Enzymes have two main functions: To act as highly specific catalysts, and also to provide a way of controlling reactions, the amount of enzyme determines how quickly the reaction

  • Chemical Reactions in Healthcare: Biochemical, Pharmaceutical, and Diagnostic

    908 Words  | 2 Pages

    and homogeneous. The heterogeneous reactions are in a difference phase from reactants, while the homogenous reaction stays in the same phase as the reactants. www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/catalysis/introduction.html Choose a catalyst that exists in the human body. Explain its importance and how it works. Enzymes is a catalyst that exists in the human body, because it makes up most metabolic reactions that go at the rates necessary for proper cellular activity. It takes place in the living bodies.