Free Clostridium difficile Essays and Papers

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    Clostridium Difficile

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    Among hospitalized patients around the world, Clostridium difficile is the primary source of infectious diarrhea. Previously, continuously unbalanced intestinal microbiota, usually due to antimicrobials, was deemed a precondition of developing the infection. However, recently, there have been alterations in the biology from virtually infecting the elderly population exclusively, wherein the microbiota in their guts have been interrupted by antimicrobials, to currently infecting individuals within

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    Clostridium Difficile Infection

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    The bacterium Clostridium difficile is a strictly anaerobic, spore forming, bacillus. It is present as normal flora in the intestines in 3% of healthy adults.1 It forms spores for protection in inhospitable environments. When the spore finds the right environmental factors it develops into the bacterium. The spores can survive on surfaces for months waiting for the right environment to grow and thrive. It is Gram positive so it appears blue or purple when Gram stained and has a thick peptidoglycan

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    Analysis of Clostridium Difficile

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    History Clostridium difficile was discovered and isolated from neonates in 1935. It was initially considered a component of the fecal flora of newborns and not thought to be pathogenic (Keessen, Gaastra, & Lipman, 2010). The history of C. diff and other antibiotic resistant pathogens are closely related with the history of antibiotics. The first antibiotic discovered was penicillin by Alexander Fleming while working with Staphylococcus. With this discovery, a surge of natural and synthetic drugs

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    Description of Clostridium Difficile Clostridium difficile, otherwise known as C. diff, is a species of spore-forming, anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria that is known to cause watery diarrhea. 1 The genus name, Clostridium refers to the spindle shape of the organism while Difficile means difficult in Latin due to the fact that this organism thrives in unfavorable conditions and is very difficult to isolate.4 The incidence of getting CDI has increased over the years due to new strains of increased

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    Nursing Management of Patient with Clostridium Difficile Alyssia R. Twigg Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for NURS 342: Nursing Medical Surgical Shepherd University Department of Nursing April 8, 2015 Nursing Management of Patient with Clostridium Difficile A 55 year old patient was admitted to the inpatient unit from a hospice facility at 4:00 in the afternoon on April 1st, 2015. The patient has end stage pancreatic cancer with liver and bone metastasis. The

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    Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile) is a bacteria-related gastrointestinal infection that is caused (etiology) by the use of antibiotics therapy or exposure to the C. difficile spores (Swartz, 2013). According to published reports compiled by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), National Safety Network (NHSN), and the Center for Disease Control Prevention (CDC), the rate of CDI have a major financial impact (costs associated with medical management of CDI) on health care institution

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    “Clostridium Difficile are the bacteria that can cause irritation or swelling of the large intestine, or colon. The inflammation caused by this bacteria is known as colitis. Inflammation further causes diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramping” (WebMD, C. Diff. Overview 2015). Put it all together and you get Clostridium Difficile Colitis. In 1973, John G. Bartlett began to see the connection between hospital diarrhea cases and colitis. He recognized articles with series of cases including deaths from

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    poor communication, lack of proper nursing skills, or simply just negligence. QSEN can also be used to improve nursing outcomes for everyone involved in the healthcare field. A common hospital acquired condition that nurses see now days is clostridium difficile. This bacterium usually invades patients who have been on long-term antibiotics that have killed off bacteria that protect them from infection. C. diff is passed from host to host by both direct and indirect contact making it readily moved

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    Treatment for Clostridium difficile begins by terminating the use of the antibiotic that triggered the infection. In the more mild cases, this action is enough to alleviate the symptoms and end the illness. Yet, in some cases, more direct measures must be taken, such as medication or surgery. Ironically, antibiotics are often used to treat the antibiotic-associated infection. The drug of choice is Metronidazole because it works effectively and it has a lower price. This medication treats infections

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    Sodium Difficile

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    Clostridium Difficile Clostridium difficile is a Gram-positive, spore-forming, anaerobic bacillus bacteria. Clostridium difficile infection is considered one of the healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and the leading cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea (antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis). C. difficile exists in soil, food and colonizes the gastrointestinal tract of several animals and human beings.1 It is estimated that about 5–15% of adults, up to 84.4% of newborns and infants

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    C. Diff Research Paper

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    Clostridium Difficile, also known in the medical community as C. diff, is a multi-drug resistant organism that can cause symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea to life threatening kidney failure. Typically known to only affect older adults who are being cared for in a hospital or long-term care facility and who had recently been taking antibiotic mediations, C. diff is shown to be increasing in younger, healthier individuals who have no previous antibiotic use or health care setting exposure. As nurses

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    General term to describe Deseases together

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    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is a general term that used to describe all these diseases together; chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic asthma and bronchiolar disease. These diseases can cause obstruction in lungs, shortness of breath associated with cough, sputum production and wheeze. Emphysema cause Irreversible damage to the alveoli, this can reduce the surface are of lung this affects the processes of gas exchange and decreasing blood O₂ level. Reducing oxygen level in the blood

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    diseases such as Clostridium difficile. Clostridium difficile is caused by an alteration in the

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    According to the article The mechanism and efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea there is a great concern about increasing incidence of C. difficile infection due to use of broad spectrum antibiotics. Clindamycin, third generation of cephalosporins and flouroquinolones are considered high risk antibiotics. It is believed that normal gastrointestinal flora has potential effect in inhibition C.difficile growth and toxin A,B release which offen associated

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    Bowel Resection (Colostomy/Ileostomoy)

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    Bowel resection (Colostomy/Ileostomy) Cancer is a disease that affects everyone everywhere, rich and poor, black and white, brown and yellow, Mexican, American, Russian, and Singaporean, unbiased without preference. Cancer is a much studied and researched topic and although great advances in medicinal treatments through research have been discovered and developed, a cure has yet to be discovered. Cancer can affect any organ in the body and thus can present itself at anytime anywhere in our bodies

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    Health Associated Infections

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    Hospital acquired infections are one of the most common complications of care in the hospital setting. Hospital acquired infections are infections that patients acquired during the stay in the hospital. These infections can cause an increase number of days the patients stay in the hospital. Hospital acquired infections makes the patients worse or even causes death. “In the USA alone, hospital acquired infections cause about 1.7 million infections and 99,000 deaths per year”(secondary). Nursing diagnosis

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    old man and was admitted with diarrhoea and generally unwell to the hospital. In the process of his admission he was isolated in a side room to prevent and reduce any risk of spreading infection. Alfred was a barrier nursed because he had clostridium difficile. He was isolated to lessen the hazard of spread of infections to other patients, visitors, and healthcare staff. Appropriate personal protective clothing such as aprons, gloves are to be worn before contact with him. Proper hand washing with

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    Question 1. Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a Gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium that is usually transmitted via staff hands or by direct contact with affected patients, contaminated fomites (Surawicz et al. 2013). C. difficile infection (CDI) is one of the common causes of antibiotic associated diarrhoea in hospitals (Surawicz et al. 2013). This is because the decline in health status of hospitalised patients and the close contact between them caused by staying in the same contaminated

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    C diff

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    In 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be associated with an increased risk of Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea (CDAD). C. difficile, more commonly known as C. diff, is a bacterium that causes inflammation of the colon, or colitis. It is a gram positive anaerobic spore forming bacteria that is most commonly seen in cases of hospital associated diarrhea. Symptoms of the infection include persistent diarrhea, watery

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    Purpose: The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the impact Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) have on a patient’s length of stay and the financial strain patients and their families incur for the treatment of these infections. Intended audience: My intended audience for this presentation are healthcare workers in the acute care setting. Significance: The topic of Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) is important for all healthcare worker to understand the care they provide to patients

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