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Effects of Bath Salts on the Human Body

- What are bath salts. What are all the effects of bath salts on a human body. When it comes to bath salts people may not know what bath salts are. Bath salts is a drug that does lots of harm to your body. Bath salts is a very dangerous drug that can lead to death. No matter how you use Bath Salts, it will find a way to effect your body in many ways. Although, there isn't much information since the drug is new to the drug industry there is not yet, know what's in the drug completely. People and doctors can already tell that the ingredients are very dangerous....   [tags: new drug, amphetamine, synthetic stimulant]

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Industrial Pollutants: Heavy Metals and Their Salts

- 1. Introduction Heavy metals and their salts (Cu, Zn, Hg, Pb, Co, Ni,) are widespread industrial pollutants. In the waters they come from natural sources (rocks, the surface layers of soil and groundwater), the wastewater of many industrial enterprises and precipitation, which are polluted with smoke emissions. Heavy metals as trace elements are constantly encountered in natural waters and aquatic bodies. Depending on the geochemical conditions of the wide variations in their level. Heavy metals are quite stable....   [tags: Heavy Metals, Adsorbents]

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The Effects of Recreational Drugs on the Body: The Bath Salts

- ... Khat That is found in the East African countries and Middle East, it is an organic stimulant. Since the 1920’s bouncing around in the laboratories was mephedrone, since the 1960’s methylenedioxypyrovalerone has been in laboratories. So even though these drugs are not new the recreational use of them is new. Researchers are thinking the two main problems of bath salt are not being addicted to it but sleep deprivation which causes elevated stress hormone levels, depression, and psychosis, and the second being the dosage form there is no dosage so people just buy a bag and take it and then their brain says like it got to have it so they take more....   [tags: violent behavior, nausea, delusions, vomiting]

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Chemicals Tests for Anions in Various Salts

- Chemicals Tests for Anions in Various Salts APPARATUS Spatula Test tubes and racks Pipettes Chemicals used Hydrochloric acid Nitric acid solution Barium chloride (harmful) Silver nitrate solution Metal salts used for testing Potassium chloride (KCI) Iron chloride (FECI3) Sodium sulphate (NASO4) Calcium carbonate (CACO3) Lead carbonate (PBCO3) Tap water RISK ASSESMENT Potassium chloride Explosive when mixed with combustion materials....   [tags: Papers]

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Which Hydrated Salts is Best at Providing Water

- Aim:The aim of this investigation is to find which of the hydrated salts is best at providing water and to justify the choice made. Key factors: * The variable that I will change will be the salt that I use in my experiment * The variable that will change will be the weight of salt after hydration and the amount of water lost when each salt is heated. Other factors: * Not over heating salt: I should not over heat the salt as it may start to decompose the salt....   [tags: Lab Report]

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Uranium in Geobacter and Its Effects

- ... In strains which expressed pili the uranium precipitated along the conductive pili, away from the cellular envelope. Geobacter species have been successfully implemented in bioremediation techniques in multiple locations. Rifle Mill in Colorado is a uranium mill site where uranium contamination in subterranean aquifers is prevalent. In situ stimulation in Geobacter species via acetate (1 to 3 mM) which was injected over a period of 3 months yielded promising results. Within 50 days U (VI) levels “had declined below the prescribed treatment level of 0.18 micro M in some of the monitoring wells” (Lovely et al, 2003)....   [tags: insoluble, metal, groundwater, salts]

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ILS: Environmental Benign Solvents

- Ils have been demonstrated to show sublime solubilizing properties, empowering a far reaching assortment of engineered progressions, including acetylation, ortho-esterification, benzylidenation and glycosylation reactions of carbs. The high furthest point of Ils can give robust animating effects to reactions including cationic intermediates and hence, reactions in Ils have dynamic and thermodynamic behavior exceptional in connection to conventional solvents, which regularly prompts upgraded method execution....   [tags: Salts, Chemistry, Carbon]

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The Uses of Salt

- The Uses of Salt Mineral halite, best known as common salt, has been one of the most abundant and used minerals over the centuries. It is essential for the human diet and is an important commercial chemical. Pure salt consists of two elements, which are sodium and chlorine [chloride]. Its chemical name is sodium chloride (NaCl). “In chemistry, common salt is one of a large number of electrolytic compounds classified as salts. The compound occurs as a mineral in the form of crystals and the forms of the crystals are generally cubic and are transparent.” (Encyclopedia Americana 163) Halite (sodium chloride) comes from the Greek “halos”, meaning salt and “lithos” meaning rock, and is better...   [tags: Chemistry Salts Essays]

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Soil Salinization and Its Impact on Plants

- Humans and the environment on which we live relying on soil for plant growth, provision of water and the storage of carbon. From that point we can infer that soil is linked to everything around us and plays many significant roles in sustaining life on earth. Soil is defined as the surface of the earth’s crust. Soil degradation is defined by Environment and Heritage, a conservation body as the decline in soil quality caused by its improper use, usually for agricultural, pastural, industrial or urban purposes....   [tags: earth degradation, environmental issues]

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The Leaching Requirement During Irrigation

- The Leaching Requirement During Irrigation The leaching of soluble salts from the plant rooting zone is a pivotal concern when irrigating cropland. Irrigation water is used to maintain crop productivity, so drought conditions need not occur to induce irrigation measures. Irrigation simply provides supplemental precipitation that may not be achieved through natural processes, i.e. rainfall. Basically, leaching is described as passing additional water through a medium to remove unwanted materials....   [tags: Soil Reclamation Agriculture Essays]

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Process Of Food Digestion Within The Gastrointestinal Tract

- Name: Student Number: 1) Describe the process of food digestion within the gastrointestinal tract. In your answer, make sure to address the following questions: (19 marks total) a) Where does chemical digestion begin. What is the first enzyme to access food that is ingested. What macromolecule does this enzyme digest. Where is this enzyme produced/secreted. (4 marks) Both chemical and mechanical digestion begins in the mouth as food materials are broken down into more absorbable units....   [tags: Digestion, Small intestine, Digestive system]

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Policing From The 1960 ' S

- Policing from the 1960’s to 1980’s was challenging when it came to the epidemic of crack cocaine and powder cocaine, which ultimately caught the attention of the federal government, including President Nixon. Criminologists, in collaboration with law enforcement, were given the task to develop a model for reducing crime as well as the influx of crack cocaine. According to the University of Chicago Law Review, the sentencing structure began to show a transformation from correction to deterrence style in an effort to increase authority to prosecutors and judges, allowing both to provide enhanced sentences of incarceration (2003)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Criminology]

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Digestive Enzymes And How They Work, And Under Which Conditions They Function Best

- The digestion lab experiment was conducted for the purpose of understanding digestive enzymes and how they work, and under which conditions they function best. Digestive enzymes are present in the body’s gastrointestinal system and mainly function to break down food into nutrients to be absorbed by the body (Oxford Journal, “The Effect of Enzymes on Digestion). The organs that secrete and/or make use of these digestive enzymes are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder....   [tags: Digestion, Stomach, Pancreas, Digestive system]

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The Causes of Waterlogging from Irrigation

- ... As long as the water table remains deep, the salts, imported with the irrigation water, are washed down into the deeper soils with the percolation losses of irrigation water. If the water table becomes more shallow however, excess irrigation can no longer take place, otherwise the land would become flooded with stagnating water. At this point, salt leaching no longer occurs, and the salts brought in with the irrigation water accumulate in the waterlogged areas. A salinity problem becomes worse when irrigation losses from elsewhere are entering lower lying areas as groundwater flow....   [tags: farmland, production, crops, water]

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Calcium Metabolism and Calcium Homeostasis

- Calcium regulation has significant effects on the human body's capacity to maintain homeostasis. Around 99% of the body's calcium is found within the skeleton in the form of calcium salts. The remaining 1% is found in blood and controlled within a very narrow range by an elaborate system of controls to provide for fundamental processes (Marieb & Hoehn 2010). Calcium is the most abundant cation found in human bodies, vital to normal function of a host of processes including: nerve excitability, hormone secretion, blood clotting, taste transduction, muscle function and cellular adhesion (Hutchins 2014)....   [tags: Calcium regulation]

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The Effects of Secondary Soil Salinization

- Introduction: Irrigation has been used as tool by humans for over 8000 years. Irrigation started in the Nile valley where humans attempted to modify the way that the river seasonally flooded their fields in order to make cropland more productive (van Schilfgaarde, 1994). From 1940 to 1989 the amount of land being irrigated around the world has increased at a rate of 2.7% per year. In 1940 there were 95 M ha in irrigation while by 1989 there were over 280 M ha (van Schilfgaarde, 1994). This large increase in land under irrigation occurred at the same time as an exponential jump in human population, and increases in both are greatest in the arid and sub-arid regions of the Earth....   [tags: Agriculture Agricultural Essays]

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The Effect Of Acid Concentration On The Concentration Of The Hcl

- For Hydrochloric Acid HCl (aq) + H2O (l) ↔ Cl- (aq) + H3O+ (aq) Net ionic: HCl (aq) ↔ Cl- (aq) + H+ (aq) From the experimental data, the [H+] decreases as the concentration of the HCl in each solution decreases. Since acids dissociate in water, the dilution of the acid’s concentration (Macid) will determine the number of free hydrogen ions in the solution, being that they are equal to each other when the -log is used. By changing the concentration of the HCl, the acid strength decreases, as shown in the change in pH, due to the presence of H+ ions as they break away from the original molecules of the acid....   [tags: Acid, PH, Acid dissociation constant, Hydronium]

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‘Hypercholesteremia Elevates Level of Cholesterol in the Blood

- ‘Hypercholesteremia’ is a condition exhibiting elevated level of cholesterol in the blood and considered as a risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The use of probiotics, in particular Lactobacillus spp. has been gaining much interest in the recent years. More over, owing to its numerous and potential health-promoting benefits, there is a considerable interest in the use of probiotics as biotherapeutic agents (Begley, 2006). Gastrointestinal tract contains several lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which could be physiologically important for maintaining gut health....   [tags: cardiovasular disease, bile salt, health]

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Desert Soils And The City Of Hesperia

- Having moved from the city of Los Angeles to the city of Hesperia, there were many changes I needed to get use to. One of those major changes was the change of scenery from green front lawns to bare dirt. Hesperia is only an hour and a half northeast of Los Angeles, yet the environment in Hesperia made it seem like I moved to another state. I could not understand why in Hesperia people did not grass in their properties, or fruit trees. I soon found out in school that Hesperia had arid soils, which are actually the most prevalent soils in the world....   [tags: Precipitation, Water, Desert, Rain]

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Ph Of Common Household Items Using Ph

- Objectives: The objective of Part A was to measure and compare the pH of Common household items using pH paper. The objective of Part B was to measure and compare the pH of various acids and bases at different concentrations, as well as the pH of various salts when dissolved in water using a pH probe. The objective of Part C was to measure the pH of color change for various pH color indicators using a pH probe. Discussion of Part A: pH is the negative logarithm of the concentration of H3O+ in solution....   [tags: Acid, PH, Acid dissociation constant]

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The Use of Diuretics in Sport

- The use of Diuretics in sport. Introduction Diuretics are substances that increase the production of urine and excretion of sodium. As a result this alters both the volume and content of body fluids(Jackson, 2006). This highly desirable quality means that the use of diuretics are abused by athletes for the benefit of both rapid water loss (to meet weight categories) and in order to mask the presence of banned substances. The competitive nature of humans means that since sporting events and competitions began, the desire to gain a competitive advantage has always been a huge factor....   [tags: Masking banned substances, weight requirements]

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Conduction Mechanism of Polymer Electrolyte

- DC Conductivity Study Figure 1 shows the typical impedance plot (imaginary part,Zi against real part, Zr of complex impedance, Z*) of CMC/CS doped with different NH4Br content at 303K. This impedance analysis is important in conductivity study and becomes a powerful tool in the investigation of ionically conduction behaviour in solid biopolymer electrolyte films. From the plot, it contains two-well defined regions, namely a high frequency region semicircle arc and low frequency region inclination spike....   [tags: conductivity, polymer electrolyte, frequency]

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The Concentration Of Nitrate Acid

- Before the 6M HNO3 was added into the precipitates, the supernatant was removed. Because the supernatant could be a truly strong basic which would neutralize the nitrate acid, such as, 3M and 19M NaOH. It also can be some solution which could react with acid, such as, Na2CO3. For this specific case, some gas could be evolved, which would disturb the observation. Because of reactions, the concentration of nitrate acid would decrease. Even though nothing was in the supernatant can react with nitrate acid, the nitrate acid would still be diluted by supernatant....   [tags: Solubility, Ammonia, Precipitation, Concentration]

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Producing Drinking Water With Desalination Technology

- Desalting refers to a water treatment process that removes salts from water. It is also called desalination or desalinization. Desalting can be done in a number of ways, but the result is always the same: drinking water is produced from brackish (somewhat salty) water or seawater. Desalting technologies can be used for a number of applications, but the purpose of this report is to discuss the use of desalting to produce drinking water from saline water for domestic or municipal purposes. Throughout history, people have continually tried to treat salty water so that it could be used for drinking and agriculture....   [tags: Drinking Water From Seawater]

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Business Plan

- Business Plan My group and I are members of a small chemical company that are going in to business to produce Epsom salts. (Information on Epsom salts can be found in 'background information). Our company name is 'The Epsom Company'. In order to be the best company we have to ensure the Epsom salts we produce are a good quality. But despite this we are also looking to make a profit and so cost must be as limited as possible. We will need to pay strict attention to the cost of apparatus and equipment and aim to use a minimum amount of chemicals to produce the maximum amount of Epsom salts....   [tags: Papers]

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Fluorine Is A Toxic, Pale Yellow Gas And The Most Of The Halogen Group

- Fluorine is a corrosive, pale yellow gas and is the smallest of the Halogen group but also the element with the highest electronegativity in the Periodic Table. With such a high electronegativity it makes fluorine the most reactive of all of the elements. The high electronegativity of fluorine is beneficial in several goods, for example; polymers, toothpastes, pesticides, cancer drugs, and antibiotics. Fluorochloro-hydrocarbons are widely used in air conditioners and refrigerators, and have been associated with the vanishing of the ozone layer (Stillinger, 1988)....   [tags: Chlorine, Sodium chloride, Iodine, Halogen]

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The Effect Of Emulsification On The Digestion Of Lipids

- In part A of the lab, our group measured the effects of emulsification on the digestion of lipids in the presence of cholic acid, a purified bile salt, and distilled water. The tube containing vegetable oil and no bile began to separate into two layers within the first minute of being mixed together. Although there were no clear distinctions within the first 15 seconds, by the fifth minute, there appeared two separate layers; one resulted in a yellow appearance while the other one was clear. As expected and predicted in our hypothesis, it was easier to notice the separation of the two layers in the tube without any bile salts because lipids are hydrophobic meaning that oils are more difficul...   [tags: Digestion, Enzyme, Amylase, Starch]

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American Culture's Infatuation with Fast Food

- Near the core of American culture that dearly loves liberty, lies its love for fast food and all that it offers. The fast food industry was initially created as a moneymaking enterprise that marketed itself as a time effective source of food, but over the years it has strayed from its marketing promise to save Americans’ time. Many Americans are regulars at one, or more, of the numerous fast food restaurants in the United States, because they want to save valuable time that otherwise would be squandered in the kitchen....   [tags: American Culture, Health Risk, Marketing]

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How the Human Body Obtains Cholesterol

- According to the scientific report from Gunness and Gidley (2010), the human body obtains cholesterol from two sources. The major source is liver. Liver synthesizes about 700-900 mg cholesterol per day. Another source is diet, which account for up to 300-500 mg/d. The major route cholesterol eliminates from human body is to convert to bile salts (BS) and excrete from the gastrointestinal tract (Gunness & Gidley, 2010). Bile salts (BS) are synthesized from cholesterol in the liver. Hydroxyl (OH) groups are inserted at several points of cholesterol, and then the second ring of cholesterol loses its double-bond....   [tags: liver, diet, metabolism]

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Digestion Of Carbohydrates By Salivary Amylase

- In the experiment “Digestion of Carbohydrates by Salivary Amylase” this dealt with a test where amylase was observed from a saliva sample and starch mix. Salivary amylase is a digestive enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch of starch into simpler compounds (Saunders 1). The main function for salivary amylase is to break down starch. When it comes to starches, they are known to be complex carbohydrates. In order to see whether or not the amylase broke down the starch, you can add iodine to the saliva sample and starch mix....   [tags: Digestion, Enzyme, Starch, Amylase]

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Chemical Makeup And Acid Base Reactions

- Exaction is where a solute is transfer from solvent A to solvent B (Ketcha, 47). A possible method to do this is changing the chemical makeup by using acid-base reactions (Ketcha, 42). The acid-base reactions change the solubility of the solute. If the original solute is ionic and is dissolvable is solvent A but not B, then adding the acid HCl would change the solute to its conjugate acid. The resulting acid would then be soluble in B but not A. To revert the change, just add the base NaOH to the solution....   [tags: Solvent, Solubility, Chemistry, Solution]

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Vaccines And Its Effects On Children

- Vaccines have been introduced in the world of medicine to prevent diseases and save lives. Vaccines prevent people from contracting diseases which “killed in masses.” Meanwhile, diseases like polio are becoming more common, even though there has been a polio vaccine available for many years (Nesson 18). Thorough research on vaccines shows that vaccinating children causes no harm; in fact, it is necessary to vaccinate children in order to maintain a healthy environment. Vaccines, generally, are given to children throughout their childhood....   [tags: Vaccine, Immune system, Vaccination]

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What Are Unhealthy Dieting Practices

- Unhealthy dieting practices can lead to a number of chronic diseases including but not limited to diabetes, cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease. Because these diseases are chronic, they remain in a person’s system for the entire duration of their lives. Long-term effects of harmful substances can complicate the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and may cause colorectal cancer. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in both men and women in the United States....   [tags: Digestion, Digestive system, Stomach]

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Pass the Salt, Please!

- Salt acts as a biologically, necessary nutrient for human growth and development. If human beings did not give a damn about salt’s importance, our world would be filled with bland food, filthy water, and deadly disease. History’s first written records of salt appeared in China, around 4,700 years B.C.E. Salt played a major role in ancient history, especially in Roman and Egyptian cultures. Citizens of Rome and Egypt commonly used salt as trade goods, currency for soldiers, religious offerings, and even used in the process of mummification....   [tags: Natural Resources]

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Comparing Local Tap Water to Surrounding Towns

- Comparing Local Tap Water to Surrounding Towns I tried to figure out how does the Wellesley tap water compare to the water of the surrounding towns. Before I started my test's I guessed which town would have the best quality water without any initial data. I thought that Wellesley tap water would be the cleanest water in the area because Wellesley has the resources and the money to keep its water at a high quality. The objective of this project is to determine water content in various drinking water supplies and then rate then from most favorable to least favorable....   [tags: Papers]

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Lithium and Bipolar Disorder

- Lithium and Bipolar Disorder INTRODUCTION The drug lithium has been used for a variety of disorders such as gout, diabetes, and epilepsy for over 100 years. It was not until 1949 when John Cade discovered that lithium had a calming effect on guinea pigs that the possibilities of it being used for mania were explored (Paykel, 1992). Since then, lithium has been established as one of the primary treatments for manic depression disorder. In the body of this paper we will explore the chemistry of lithium, the synaptic transmitters involved, the parts of the neuron affected, the inhibitory and excitatory potential changes, the ion channels effected, the physiological changes, the pri...   [tags: Chemistry Chemical Essays]

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Hygroscopicity in Pharmaceutics

- Hygroscopicity in Pharmaceutics During formulation of new and existent drugs in pharmaceutics, hygroscopicity is one of the important physical parameters that are studied so as to enhance the efficacy, stability and handling of the drug. Hygroscopicity has always been an important aspect in pharmaceutics as the bulk of the drugs either in tablet or solution form is normally hygroscopic. Up to now, there remains no universally recognized definition of hygroscopicity because it is driven by both thermodynamic and kinetic forces....   [tags: Pharmaceuticals]

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Which Type of Salt will Increase the Boiling Point of Water the Most?

- The researcher conducting this experiment is trying to find out which salt- Epsom, table salt, and sea salt- will increase the boiling point of water the most. Sodium chloride is believed to increase the boiling point of water because when salt is suspended into the water, the sodium and chlorine ions leave the “salt crystals” and mix with the water molecules. (“Why does salt… raise boiling point of water?”, 2009). People discovered salt around 900 B.C. They would dig up salt near the Dead Sea and in South America....   [tags: boiling point, science, experiements, ]

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Extraction of Rubidium from Gold Waste by Optimization of Sulfation Roasting-Water Leaching Process

- Specific physical and chemical properties of rubidium have attracted the attention of researchers for extraction of rubidium from its resources, which as a rare alkali metal in recent years the expansion of its commercial uses has been experienced. The main research conducted in this field has been related to recovery of this element as a byproduct of mining process of lithium minerals. In this study, we have discussed the extraction of rubidium from tailings dam of Mouteh gold processing plant in Iran by modeling the hydrometallurgical procedure used for lithium processing....   [tags: Extraction of Rubidium]

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The Is A Science Of Uncertainty And An Art Of Probability

- “Medicine is a science of uncertainty and an art of probability.” (Osler) Making an informed decision to vaccinate is a challenging and irreversible one. Parents rely on friends, family, community, celebrities and health professionals for advice to influence this difficult choice. They must traverse a murky sea of prevarication and controversy to come to a critical decision. In fact, in 1998 a fraudulent study linked autism to childhood vaccines. “Andrew Wakefield, a former physician who has been eliminated from the General Register in the United Kingdom, fabricated data supporting a connection of the measles vaccine to autism, in a paper that was formally withdrawn.” (Chevenak, 2015) The...   [tags: Vaccination, Vaccine, Smallpox, Immune system]

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How Food Companies Are Spending Trillions Of Dollars On Processed Food

- Pulitzer Prize winning author, Michael Moss, talked about how food industries are spending trillions of dollars on processed food which essentially caused an increase of obesity over the past couple centuries. His #1 New York best-selling investigative report, Salt, Sugar, Fat, discusses a time when he visited the Kellogg’s company headquartered at Battle Creek, Michigan. After talking to representatives from this company about their food and how there is so much salt in their branded products....   [tags: Nutrition, Food, Taste, Flavor]

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The Effect Of Road On Lower Ice And Snow Levels

- The use of road salt to lower ice and snow levels has been used since 1930s. However, reports going as far back as ten years have stated that road salts are actually destroying our natural water sources and aquatic life. While small amounts of salt is important for most living creatures, the increase of salinity levels because of the road salt that is washed off the road either through the ice melting or being pushed off the road by moving cars, pours toxic levels of Chlorine ions into the water that can cause severe damage....   [tags: Water, Salt, Chloride, Sodium chloride]

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Water Is A Good Solvent And Picks Up Impurities Easily

- Water is a good solvent and picks up impurities easily. Pure water -- tasteless, colourless, and odourless -- is often called the universal solvent. Dissolved solids" refer to any minerals, salts, metals, cations or anions dissolved in water. Total dissolved solids (TDS) comprise inorganic salts (principally calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, bicarbonates, chlorides, and sulphates) and some small amounts of organic matter that are dissolved in water. TDS in drinking-water originate from natural sources, sewage, urban run-off, industrial wastewater, and chemicals used in the water treatment process, and the nature of the piping or hardware used to convey the water, i.e., the plumbing....   [tags: Water, Water pollution, Total dissolved solids]

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A Brief Note On Agriculture And Agriculture Practices

- Introduction Although people are becoming aware of the significance of land protection, the amount of arable land is still decreasing at an alarming rate. More specifically, according to a study cited by UNCCD, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the land degradation costs about $490 billion per year. However, if sustainable actions are taken, there will be $1.4 trillion increase in crop production. Therefore, in order to mitigating the loss of arable land due to modern U.S....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Soil, Water]

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A Mixture Of Three Substances ( Benzoic Acid

- In this experiment, a mixture of three substances (benzoic acid, 2-naphthol, and 1-4 dimethoxybenzene) will be separated based off acidity strength using the liquid-liquid extraction technique through a separatory funnel. Benzoic acid and 2-napthol will be converted into ionic salts when reacting with their appropriate bases (sodium bicarbonate and sodium hydroxide). Both ionic salts will then form solids through the addition of acidic HCl. Neutral 1,4 – dimethoxybenzene forms a solid through the evaporation of ether....   [tags: Acid, Water, Sodium chloride, Chemistry]

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Chemical And Physical Properties Of The Substances

- Name: Sebastian Sak Lab Partners: Timothy Gronet TA: Feifei Xu Determined Chemicals Through Different Chemical and Physical Properties Purpose: In the lab, common household chemicals will be studied to identify the substances. Chemical and physical properties of these different chemical will aid in identifying the substances, all of which are white, solid substances. Procedure: The experiment was performed based on the procedure in the lab handout “Exp. #5: Chemicals in Everyday Life.” The sulfuric acid test originally in the procedure was removed along with the sugars....   [tags: Solubility, Precipitation, Sodium chloride]

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What is Cholera? Bacterium Vibrio Cholerae

- 1. What is cholera. What is the causative bacteria and how does it invade and infect an individual. What are the symptoms. How it is normally treated. Cholera Cholera is a waterborne acute disease of intestinal infection caused by bacterium Vibrio Cholerae (WHO, 2000). When viewed under the microscope, this bacterium appears has a Gram negative stained, with a flagellum for motility and pili used for tissue attachment (Davis, 2012). Specific Vibrio cholera may produce comparable symptoms, but the O groups O1 and O139 show the severe symptoms of cholera (Davis, 2012)....   [tags: diarrhea, dehydration, vomiting]

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Fast Food Is A Good Thing

- Have you ever thought about why fast food restaurants serve you food that is so good and why you keep going back for more. Well the answer is fast food restaurants try very hard to get you attention by the food they serve. Choosing to eat out when you know that you can make the same things at home is a mistake. You should know that eating fast food on a regular basis is not a good thing, because it can affect your life in the future. Every time you eat at a fast food restaurants you are giving up your right to be a healthy person....   [tags: Nutrition, Food, Fast food restaurant]

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Comparing the Solubility's of Copper Sulphate, Sodium Chloride and Potassium Nitrate

- Comparing the Solubility's of Copper Sulphate, Sodium Chloride and Potassium Nitrate Comparing the solubility's of copper sulphate, sodium chloride and potassium nitrate Background Information Molecular solids (sugar) and ionic solids (salts) both dissolve in water. However, they both dissolve in different ways. The intermolecular forces holding molecules of sugar together are relatively weak so when sugar is placed in water these bonds are broken and individual C12H22O11 molecules are released into solution....   [tags: Papers]

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Biology Answers to Quiz: Cells

- 1. I believe that these polymers, Cellulose, starch and glycogen have different properties because they are used in different organisms. Cellulose and starch are mainly used in plants and glycogen is used in animals. Cellulose is used for strength in its stems and leaves and uses starch for help with storing things. Glycogen is used in animals to help store things as well. These polymers have different properties because they have different functions in different organisms. 2. Diffusion is the spreading out of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration....   [tags: Cellulose, Difussion, ATP]

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Langauge Play With Drugs

- The Language play I will thoroughly analyze is the modern day street slang for drugs. It’s interesting how we “address” a drug based on various side effects it causes rather than its pharmaceutical name. For example, the drug Cocaine is called “Base Crazies”. “Base Crazies” refers to the way it easily gets you hooked leaving you wanting more and making you search on your hands and knees for cocaine. (ONDCP, 2005) Using the Internet, books, and pamphlets based on drugs will help me in my research of finding different abstract terms for the common street drug....   [tags: Illicit Drugs, Academic Essays]

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The Birth of Photography

- The Birth of Photography goes way back to the very early stages of it’s development, in 1565 it was found that certain silver salts turned black when open to an element, which at this time they believed to be air. It wasn’t until mid 1720’s when they discovered it was in fact light that reacted with the salts to turn them black; this led to numerous amounts of unsuccessful trials at capturing images in a lasting, photochemical form. Many scientists, amateur inventors and artists passionately pursued developing this form throughout the 29th century....   [tags: Photography Essays]

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The First Cholera Outbreak

- Cholera conquered nineteenth century Europe like a new air to a throne. The first outbreaks of the disease appeared to have begun in India which spread smoothly into Britain by trade through Britain’s Indian based empire. Cholera is identified by rapid liquid diarrhea, vomiting, and accelerated dehydration due to depletion of bodily liquids and salts causing blood to coagulate and skin to turn blue. This leads to a fall in blood pressure, otherwise known as the “sinking stage”, which is accompanied by muscle cramping, sunken cheeks and eyes....   [tags: india, cholera epidemics, governments]

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The Water Treatment Process

- Water treatment process overview The first step in creating a cyanobacteria-directed biodesalination apparatus is selecting a species that possesses proper metabolic and morphologic characteristics. The organism must then be genetically modified to optimize ion regulation, and light regulation of the desalination process. Cyanobacteria use photosynthesis for removal of sodium from the intracellular matrix of the bacterium. Through regulation and genetically modifying the bacteria to express halorhodopsin (Hr) this photosynthetic system can be harnessed to import chloride ions....   [tags: cyanobacteria use photosynthesis ]

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The Two-Faced Detergent

- Whether soil particles are attached to carpet fibers, wood floors or restroom sinks, they need to be removed. But how is this done. Most of us wipe or scrub a dirty surface with soap and water without a second thought about how they actually work to remove soil. The process of removing dirt begins at the molecular level. In order to understand how soap works, we must first acknowledge what soap actually does. By definition, soap is a mixture of sodium or potassium salts and long chain organic acids....   [tags: informative essay]

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Investigate the Cell Sap Concentration of Solute in a Potato Chip using Osmosis

- Investigate the Cell Sap Concentration of Solute in a Potato Chip using Osmosis Aim The aim of the experiment is to investigate the cell sap concentration of solute in a potato chip using osmosis and produce a figure informed by the investigation as to what this is. Background Information A factor that effects how much water moves into a cell is the solute concentration within it. Water moves in and out of cells by diffusion, this diffusion is called osmosis. Osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules from a place with a high water potential or high concentration of water to a low water potential or low concentration of water....   [tags: GCSE Biology Osmosis Coursework]

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Shipwrecks, Corrosion and Conservation

- <ol> <li value="9">6: Option - Shipwrecks, Corrosion and Conservation <li value="9">6.1: The chemical composition of the ocean implies its potential role as an electrolyte </ol> Identify the origins of the minerals in oceans as: <ul> <li> leaching by rainwater from terrestrial environments <li> hydrothermal vents in mid-ocean ridges </ul> Identify - recognise and name There are 2 major sources of the salts in seawater: <ol> <li value="1"> Leaching by rain and ground water. <li value="2"> Dissolution of salts by water passing through hydrothermal vents....   [tags: Chemistry]

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Ecological Integrity At Risk for the Cadron Creek Watershed in Arkansas

- ... al 2008). Headwater streams are a major component of river networks and are composed of small swales, creeks, and streams, which form the building blocks for large river and lakes. Headwater streams are very influential on the overall health of aquatic ecosystems, because they provide nutrients downstream, filter pollutants, and contain specialized habitat for both migrant and resident species (Meyer 2007). Despite their ecological importance, headwater streams are often purposefully ignored or omitted from the Clean Water Act, because of the numerous streams that dot the landscape, irregular hydrologic flow periods, and the fact that small headwater streams do not directly make up direc...   [tags: resource, pollutants, natural gas]

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Common Types Of Batteries : Lab ( Lead Acid Battery )

- Common Types of Batteries LAB (Lead Acid Battery) History The lead acid battery was first discovered and invented by a French physicist called Gaston Plante in 1859. The lead acid battery was the first type of battery that was rechargeable. Source Used: Plante first model for the rechargeable lead acid battery consisted of two lead sheets that have been rolled up and separated by a flannel. This is then placed in to a dilute (10%) sulphuric acid solution....   [tags: Rechargeable battery, Lithium-ion battery]

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Effects Mining has on The Soil in South Africa

- The mining sector is one of the largest sources of income in South Africa, after the Agricultural sector. It has been a major supporter to the industrialization of South Africa after the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in1871, and the Witwaterstand goldfields in 1886 (Sorenses, 2012, p.22). This essay would be focusing more on the environmental and social effects mining of Coal, Gold and Uranium has on the soil in South Africa. The waste tailings from the mines are been washed away into the drainage and water system, and atmospheric sulphur, SO2, is been absorbed into the atmosphere causing acid rain....   [tags: mining sector, south africa, soil]

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1283 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Food and Drug Administration Program and Food Additives

- The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 was passed not long after the accidental deaths of 100 people who consumed an untested version of a popular drug. It turned out that an additive in the drug was responsible for the poisoning of the 100 individuals. This new law was developed in the interest of the consumer and focused on ensuring that people knew exactly what was in the products they purchased, and that the ingredients were safe. As the food industry has grown into a multi billion-dollar industry, the task of ensuring all ingredients are safe for consumption has become a bit more complicated....   [tags: health hazards, laws, food coloring]

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Salinity Of The Central Valley : A Critical Problem

- Salinity in the central valley: A critical problem The Water Education Foundation published an article on excess salinity that is in the water here in the valley. Too much intake of salt can be a problem, and that is what is happening here in the Central Valley. “Excess salinity – that which is greater than the standard set to protect beneficial uses – poses a growing threat to food production and drinking water quality.” If there is no solution to the problem, California will lose significant portions of prime agricultural land....   [tags: Water, Irrigation, California, Deficit irrigation]

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Sources Of Electrolytes: Which Drink Provides More Electrolytes

- In this project, I will investigate which drink provides more electrolytes: Gatorade, orange juice, coconut water, or spring water. Most experts agree that if you are participating in moderate exercise, drinking water should do the trick. But if you are exercising vigorously, you also need to replenish some of the salts that your body loses through sweat. These salts are called electrolytes. Water provides the liquid you need to avoid dehydration, but it does not have electrolytes. Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, are present in sweat....   [tags: gatorade, orange juice, sport drinks]

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The Disagreements Over the Health Effects of Probiotics

- ... A study showed that Bifidobacterium was more susceptible to change in pH levels than Lactobacillus, however it was Lactobacillus that recovered more quickly and produced more viable cells (Ting, 2009). Therefore the bacterium ability to tolerate different pH levels is a crucial factor in determining their probiotic use. Ability to attach to the gut epithelial cells and adequate production of antimicrobial substances are also other important properties of probiotics (Granato, 2010). In terms of commercial use and manufacturing, probiotics must be resilient and maintain cell viability during periods of processing, packaging and storage (Saarela, 2009)....   [tags: benefits, bacterium, digestive]

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Gas Exchange : Oxygen Consumption Of The Embryo

- 3. Interference with gas exchange. Oxygen consumption of the embryo is low. This type of dormancy is still unresolved. 4. Retention of inhibitors. Seed coat prevent the escape of inhibitors from the seed. 5. Inhibitor production. Seed coat and pericaps may contain relatively high concentration of growth inhibitors Embryo dormancy refers to a dormancy that is inherent in the embryo and is not due to any influence of the seed coat or other surrounding tissues. It thought to be due to the presence of inhibitors as well as absence of growth promoters....   [tags: Germination, Seed, Radicle, Embryo]

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Costs And Benefits Of Increasing Junk Food Taxes

- Costs and Benefits of Increasing Junk Food Taxes Raising food taxes is the topic of the editorial article “Slapping a Tax on Junk Food is Still a Bad Idea” written the Globe and Mail. The writer states that raising taxes is not the answer to decrease high obesity rates and instead suggests that moderation and lifestyle are key to enjoying food. The editorial also acknowledges the increasing amount of attention we give to this problem now that it has grown larger and more complex. Also, an increase of taxes ultimately allow the consumers to have the last say in what they consume....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Junk food, Health care]

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The Six Major Processes Involved During Gastrointestinal Activity

- Identify and describe the six major processes involved in gastrointestinal activity. The six major processes involved in gastrointestinal activity include: ingestion (substance enter the oral cavity of the digestive track), mechanical processing (mastication consist of chewing/breaking down the substance and peristalsis consisting of involuntary contraction that assist the movement of food through the esophagus and intestinal tracts), digestion (chemical break down of substance into smaller fragments appropriate in absorption via the digestive epithelium), secretion (releasing of acids, buffers, water, enzymes, and salts from the glandular organs and epithelium of the digestive tract), absor...   [tags: Digestion, Stomach, Small intestine, Pancreas]

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Should it be legal to buy kidneys?

- The kidneys filters your blood. They are an important part of our body. However, if both are damaged, the kidneys will require replacement. Which leads to the problem of today’s world, where there are not enough kidney donations, therefore increasing amounts of deaths caused by kidney failure. This can be treated by kidney transplants or dialysis, but due to the costings, and few donators, this problem cannot be solved solidly. Although there are kidney trades, it is illegal; hence it will not be beneficial to the majority of the population....   [tags: Economic Benefits, Sterile Solution]

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Teach Everychild About Food by Jamie Oliver

- ... For example, “one gourmet coffee, one, is more … than we are spending to feed kids for an entire week in our schools,” Cooper refers to a Starbucks coffee as a financial comparison. Contributing to the figures given by Oliver, $8 billion is being used to feed 30 million children every year; Cooper explains how that amount needs to double in order for children to receive real food at school. Out of all of the data that Cooper shares with the crowd the most intriguing is that only $50 billion is spent on vegetables a year....   [tags: vegetable, healthy habits, fast food]

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The Chemical Composition of Deodorants and Antiperspirants

- As humans, after a long day of activity in our busy lives, we tend to sweat. From going to the gym, walking around, and just weather in general, we all have a habit of sweating. Applying deodorant after a morning shower or when we begin to get sweaty or clammy has become second nature for to of us. Coming in many forms such as roll ons, bars, and sprays, deodorant is used to control the production of sweat and underarm odor. As human nature has evolved we have become more conscious about our body odor....   [tags: sweat, body odor, mum, ]

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The Priceless Sound of a Stradivarius Violin

- Whenever there is talk of violins, the name Stradivarius always comes to mind. Questions have been asked over the centuries as to how the violins have their unique sound. Is it the varnish. Is it the water. Is it the shape. Or is it perhaps the provenance. Scientists have studied the violins and musicians have studied and debated the sound quality and the superiority of the instruments for centuries. Stradivarius violins are commonly hailed worldwide as the best violins in the world. The sound quality of Stradivarius violins is of unprecedented superiority when compared to other violins, and it is commonly believed that no one has been able to match it in the past three centuries since their...   [tags: music, violin, uniformed density, biography]

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Studies on Plant Responses to Multiple Stresses

- ... However, two lines of research suggest that plants also have a centralized system of stress response that enables them to respond to any physiological stress, regardless of the nature of that stress. Traits common to plants in low-resource environments so central feature of plants adapted to low-resource environments is that they grow slowly, even when provided with an optimal supply and balance of resources. This slow growth is seen in plants that are adapted to infertile soils (Chapin 1980, Clarkson 1985), dry or saline environments, or deep shade (Grime 1977, Parsons 1968)....   [tags: natural conditions, nutrients]

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Material And Methods Of The Colony Morphology

- Materials and Methods All methods were performed following the constructed flowchart (above). Nutrient Agar To observe the colony morphology, the original unknown culture was streaked for isolation on nutrient agar using the quadrant streaking technique, inverted, and incubated at 37° C for 48 hours. This allowed for observation of the colony morphology. Separation of Gram-positive and Gram-negative The original unknown culture was streaked for isolation on Columbia CNA agar and MacConkey agar using a quadrant streak, inverted, and placed in a 37° C incubator for 48 hours....   [tags: Staining, Gram staining, Enzyme, Agar plate]

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Drugs And Its Effects On The Body

- While all of these drugs effect the body differently they have many underlying similarities including the dangers of their use, they are all man made, and they have to be taken out of the lives of many people. In order to do so action must be taken. The most obvious way to get rid of these drugs is to ban the production, sale, and distribution of them. Spice can no longer be sold at head shops, bath salts cannot just be labeled “not for human consumption”, and MDMA needs to be confiscated from rave goers and partier....   [tags: Drug addiction, Illegal drug trade]

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The Problem Of A Clean Water Supply

- Introduction This report has been written because there are many areas in the world were people cannot get water ,Howard, Mathias and Xin (2010) estimates that about 30 percent of the total world land area comprises of inhabited arid and semi –arid areas, in these arid areas the main impediment to social and economical development is the shortage of water, water is the most important liquid for the human body , many of us believe drinking liquids like fruit juice , tea , or fizzy drinks will keep the body hydrated as well as water the truth is that these drinks copious amounts of salt and sugar that are absorbed and flushed out of our system with the help of water, the objective of...   [tags: Drinking water, Water, Desalination, Water crisis]

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The Health Risks Of Consuming Certain Foods

- On average , based on weight and height , the typical person consumes about 1,996 pounds of food.( . Additionally , in America, around 1 in 4 people consume junk food everyday( What is the health risk of consuming certain foods. Should we be concerned with where our food is coming from. Most people simply do not care enough to think about these questions but they should. Being concerned about where your food is coming from is extremely important . According to, produce that are GMO or genetically Modified Organisms as well as processed food made with chemicals can cause major issues....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Hypertension, Healthy diet]

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The Cleansing Properties of Cow Urine

- According to Hindu thought Pavithra Jal is Holy water which purifies the mind and body. Panchagavya or the five products from the cow- urine, dung, milk, curd and ghee, used in ayurveda, and Hindu rituals- are believed to have cleansing properties, much like the waters of the Holy Ganges, Lake Pushkar or the Mahamgam Pond.However skeptics may have reservations about the purity and efficacy of the Panchagavya.. Further modern distillation methods to extract the active principle in a bioactive form may help alleviate the queasiness associated with consuming cow urine....   [tags: Pavithra Jal]

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Barium Sulfate and the Gastrointestinal Tract

- Abstract Over the years barium sulfate has proven to be a successful contrast agent for examination of the gastrointestinal tract. Though the road to discovery was long and relentless at times, when it finally found its niche in medicine it was only to the advantage of the physicians and patients today. There are many new diagnostic tools in radiology today that have led to the questioning of barium studies’ place in medicine and whether it will remain there long. And to what cost it will take to keep barium around, only time will tell some say....   [tags: Gastrointestinal Tract, Radiology]

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The Restoration Plan of Beaver Creak

- I. Project Summary Students at Arcadia University are requesting a grant in order to restore the two streams on campus: Beaver Creek and Tookany Creek. Their objectives are to reduce the pollution and to prevent runoff as well as to restore and conserve the quality of the two streams. The students collected some data and saw small increases in nitrate and chlorine levels in the soil and water. Even though the concentrations of nitrate and chlorine are small, if not dealt with, the concentrations of both nitrate and chlorine will increase and cause many negative effects to the organisms living in the streams as well as the organisms that depend on the stream as a water source....   [tags: reduce pollution, planting, native vegetation]

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Timshel in Steinbeck´s East of Eden

- ... To convey his views, Steinbeck structures the sentences accordingly and uses a vast word choice and tone intertwined together. He opens with “Mrs. Trask was a pale, inside-herself woman” (Steinbeck 15), and how “no heat of sun ever reddened her cheeks, and no open laughter raised the corners of her mouth” (Steinbeck 15). The effect of this develops her character, a dark woman with stern thoughts. Beginning with such an eerie sentence also develops the mood, as both diction and tone go hand in hand....   [tags: open, choice, one, evil, dark, side]

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