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The Single-party States of Mao and Stalin

- The ideology of Mao and Stalin both sought to eliminate class differences and advance their nation. They both also used terror as a way of acquiring what they wanted. As Mao was born into a middle-class peasant family, he knew of hardship and constant dissatisfaction with the government. He became concerned with the future of his country after the failure of the 1911 revolution, and after much reading of western works, was convinced the only way to bring change to China was through military practices; that “all power grows out from the barrel of a gun.” His ideology was based on and formed mostly around Marxism-Leninism, as was Stalin’s, therefore both believed that the huge numbers of work...   [tags: Politics, Mao, Stalin]

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The Ideology of Mao Zedong

- ... Soon, Mao became an early member of the Communist Party. He believed that only the socialism system, not a capitalist system run under the Kuomintang Party can save China. The Kuomintang Party gradually gained power under the help of the Soviet Union. Unfortunately, its leader Sun Yat-sen died in March 12, 1925. The new leader of Kuomintang Party was succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek. He planed to perish all the Communist members. Then, in the autumn of 1933, Chiang Kai-Shek obtained a skilled military strategist to plot behind the scenes to demolish all members....   [tags: leader, socialist, independence, theory]

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Mao Zedong and Mohandas Gandhi

- Mohandas Gandhi and Mao Zedong were two great leaders who succeeded in many ways by their actions and decisions. Gandhi was an Indian leader and Mao a Chinese leader. However, their approach to success, peace, and ultimately, a revolution, was very different. Mao favored peace through violence, and Gandhi favored peace through non-cooperation and standing up for what is right. He also believed that these changes will be accomplished by “conscious suffering”, was the way he put it. However, despite their differences, these two leaders were similar too....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Comparison]

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China's Ghandi: Mao Zedong

- economic failures. From 1949 until his death in 1976, Mao Zedong transformed a country in poverty and chaos into a well-organised state with an educated populous, over which he maintained total control. 2 more intro sentences. It is clear that Mao’s initial goal was to gain power in China, which is demonstrated by his determination to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang (KMT) via his idiosyncratic version of communist revolution. In order to do so, Mao utilised methods he deemed most suitable for the communists and, more broadly, Chinese society....   [tags: Chinese Leaders]

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Mahatma Gandhi and Mao

- Gandhi and Mao Comparison Honors Essay Everyone shares different views on a variety of things. Let’s take Mohandas Gandhi and Mao Zedong, two revolutionaries who were prominent in the twentieth century. Their ideas spread through India and China respectively. The occurrences of certain events in their homelands led to their emersion as important leaders and figures of their country’s history. On April 13, 1919, a somewhat large group was peacefully voicing their disagreement with the British Rule that was taking over India....   [tags: Comparative, Revolutionaries]

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Out of Mao's Shadow

- For several decades, since the death of Mao Zedong, dissidence among the public has increased against the single-party system of Mao’s Chinese Communist Party, or CCP. The CCP, which Mao co-founded, has ruled China since 1949 with little or no opposition party. The ruling party has long crushed dissent since its founding. Three authors have looked into the dissidence. The first is Merle Goldman in her analytical essay of the intellectual class in China entitled “China’s Beleaguered Intellectuals” (2009)....   [tags: Chinese Communist Party, Politics]

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Chairman Mao's Cultural Revolution

- The Cultural Revolution has not only changed the characteristics of a few characters mentioned in the Red Scarf Girl. It has changed the whole China. This book made me intimately and shockingly aware of the revolution’s greatest evil-the power of indoctrination and the degradation of the human spirit. While people had to face hunger, boredom, and the ever-present threat of imprisonment and death, people living in this period did not give up. It is clearly portrayed by the writer’s decisions to hold the family together and never lost hope....   [tags: history of communist China]

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Mao Zedong

- ABSOLUTE POWER - MAO ZEDONG A person who has absolute power is known as an autocratic. An autocratic is someone that has absolute power and control. This is when no one can speak against the dictator without being killed, having their head chopped off or being jailed. A good example of absolute power is Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong was a Chinese man who was the son of a peasant farmer. He was born in south of China on the 26th of December 1893 and died on the 9th of September 1976. In his early years Mao was a writer, he often wrote poems and books....   [tags: Dictators, Biography, Biographical]

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Mao Zedong

- More murderous than Hitler, more powerful than Stalin, in the battle of the Communist leaders Mao Zedong trumps all. Born into a comfortable peasant family, Mao would rise up to become China’s great leader. After leading the communists away from Kuomintang rule, he set out to modernize China, but the results of this audacious move were horrific. He rebounded from his failures time and again, and used his influence to eliminate his enemies and to purge China of its old ways. Mao saw a brighter future for China, but it was not within his grasp; his Cultural Revolution was not as successful as he had wanted it to be....   [tags: Biography]

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Mao Cultural Revolution

- A. Plan of Investigation In 1966, Mao mobilized the Chinese youth to initiate the “Cultural Revolution”, a violent process eliminating old Chinese culture, customs, thoughts and habits, purging “counter-revolutionary” party members, and heightening Mao’s personality cult. I will summarize evidence collected from textbooks, official documents, biographies and eyewitness reports about the events between 1959 and 1966. I will describe the failure of the Great Leap Forward, Mao’s resignation as president, his power struggle with Liu Shoaqi and Deng Xiaoping and the propagating of his personality cult....   [tags: Reasons Behind the Revolution]

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Chairman Mao and Women's Rights in China

- There is no denying that the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party under Chairman Mao Zedong changed the course of the history of China and shaped the China the world sees today. The amount of lives, cultural traditions, and differing intellectual thoughts that were lost and destroyed as he strove to meet his goals for the country can never be recovered or replaced. However, it had been asserted that one of the more positive effects of Chairman Mao on the people of China was his somewhat radical opinion of woman....   [tags: History of Women's Rights in China]

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Jonathan Mao's Understanding

- Empathy is a distinctly human trait. The ability to empathize with other individuals is vital for myriad professionals. In particular, patients seek empathy from doctors. In Understanding, Jonathan Mao presents the stories of three fictitious patients and their interactions with one doctor. Mao’s extensive use of imagery and descriptive language, along with his use of a second-person perspective, is effective in making readers empathize with each patient and assume the role of the doctor. Mao’s abundant use of imagery coupled with personification strongly appeals to readers’ emotions....   [tags: poem analysis]

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Mao's Last Dancer

- “Mao’s Last Dancer” is a book about the life of Li Cunxin. Li Cunxin was born into poverty in China under the rule of Mao Ze dung. The book was first published in 2003 and since then has won several awards including the book of the year award. Throughout the novel the composer chronologically cites the life of Li Cunxin and how he felt and where he belonged at certain points in his life. The purpose of the composer exploring the concept of belonging is to show that certain groups that people belong to differ over the course of their life....   [tags: Li Cunxin, Biography]

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Mahatma Gandhi and Mao Tse-Tung

- The early 1900s arose a series of revolutions in the southern and eastern Asian countries of India and China, that ultimately led to a significant change in governmental systems and ideas that are still valued today. Tensions between the British government and Indians caused much anger and devastation to Indian societies, such as the Amritsar Massacre which exposed the true nature of Britain’s power over India. Indians all throughout the country were infuriated by the authority Britain had gained over the years....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Comparison]

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Jonathan Spence´s Mao Zedong

- Mao Zedong was a very influential man in history. He forever changed the face of Chinese politics and life as a whole. His communist views and efforts to modernize China still resonate in the country today. Jonathan Spence’s book titled Mao Zedong is a biography of the great Chinese leader. Spence aims to show how Mao evolved from a poor child in a small rural village, to the leader of a communist nation. The biography is an amazing story of a person’s self determination and the predictability of human nature....   [tags: Chinese politics, communism, biography]

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Mao's Success with Domestic Policies

- Mao's Success with Domestic Policies After Mao had defeated the Nationalists he was aware of the instability of communism in china. He aimed of stabilizing china by dividing it into six main regions also called the Organic Law of 1949, each was governed by a Bureau including four major officials : Chairman, party secretary, military commander and political commissar. The last two officials were members of the PLA, which effectively left china under army control but also Mao hoped that through these actions he would be able to stabilize communist China....   [tags: Papers]

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Mao & Gandhi: Western Thought in an Eastern World

- For thousands of years, Asia led the world in technology and thought. Millions throughout those years followed the teachings of the Vedic religion, Buddhist thought, or Confucian philosophy. These societies solidified their power in the early centuries of anno domini and even boasted of self sufficient power as late as the fifteenth century. To the West however, grew nations with a different heritage of thought that soon infiltrated the Eastern world. Though their influence seemed minor in such a developed world, by the twentieth century political relations and western philosophy became a part of Asia’s reality....   [tags: technology, asia, qing china]

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The Ideals of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Mao, and Stalin

- 1. Scientific Socialism Scientific socialism is the type of socialism that Engels uses to refer to Marx’s analysis of political history. Scientific socialism exams social and economic methods’ using the scientific method and it tries to mimic the hard sciences like chemistry and physics. Scientific socialism is different from utopian socialism because it takes into consideration the historical developments of men while utopian socialism does not. According to Engels when referring to utopian socialist, “To all these, socialism is the expression of absolute truth, reason and justice, and has only to be discovered to conquer all the world by virtue of its own power....   [tags: Socialism, Types, Progression]

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Mahatma Gandhi vs. Mao

- Gandhi vs. Mao Mao and Gandhi became key leaders in each of their countries, India and China. Although they both wanted very similar things to happen to their countries, they used very different tactics. The main points in their rules where economical, political and social. And all points affected their people in many ways. First, to make each of their countries stronger economically Ghandi and Mao changed laws and broke rules. During the British rule in India there was a salt tax, which made it very hard for the people of china to buy salt, but it was illegal for them to make their own salt....   [tags: Compare Contrast, Comparison]

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Mao Zedong

- Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-tung Pronounced As: mou dzu-doong , 1893-1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. One of the most prominent Communist theoreticians, Mao's ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare were extremely influential, especially among Third World revolutionaries. Of Hunanese peasant stock, Mao was trained in Chinese classics and later received a modern education. As a young man he observed oppressive social conditions, becoming one of the original members of the Chinese Communist party....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Mao Zedong

- Mao Zedong Mao Zedong is one of the most controversial leaders of the twentieth century. He has been known both as a savior and a tyrant to the Chinese people. From his tactical success of the Long March to his embarrassing failure of the Great Leap Forward, Mao has greatly influenced the result of what China is today. Most of Mao's major successes have been in the CCP's rise to power, while Mao's failures have come at a time when the CCP was in power. Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893 is Shaoshan village in Hunan....   [tags: Chinese China History]

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Mao Zedong

- Mao Zedong had a rough childhood, but eventually managed to get away from his father’s tyranny (Knigge 255). Mao was born on the day of December 26, 1893. As a little child, Mao lived in a small town called Shaoshan. There a disrespectful father constantly harassed the young Mao and the rest of his family. As soon as an occasion came along, the opportunistic Mao left home and joined the Nationalist army when in 1911 the Revolution began. In a training college located in Changsha, Mao was introduced to the philosophy of Marxism (Hoobler 140)....   [tags: Chariman of Cummunist Party in China]

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Problems Mao faced with GLF and GPR

- Problems Mao faced with GLF and GPR Qtn: What the problems did Mao face in trying to implement his policies in China. [12m] The policies meant in the question are the economic policy, Great leap Forward and the social policy, Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution. Mao undertook these policies in 1958 to 1960 and 1966 to 1976 respectively. Mao faced problems in both policies he undertook. However both policies shared two similar problems - uncareful planning and political problem. In implementing both policies, Mao realised that he now had to face the problem of his uncareful planning that resulted in further unexpected problems....   [tags: Chinese China History]

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Mao's Cultural Revolution

- Mao's Cultural Revolution Dressed in the drab military uniform that symbolized the revolutionary government of Communist China, Mao Zedong's body still looked powerful, like an giant rock in a gushing river. An enormous red flag draped his coffin, like a red sail unfurled on a Chinese junk, illustrating the dualism of traditional China and the present Communist China that typified Mao. 1 A river of people flowed past while he lay in state during the second week of September 1976. Workers, peasants, soldiers and students, united in grief; brought together by Mao, the helmsman of modern China....   [tags: Chinese China History]

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Mao vs. Deng

- Mao vs. Deng China's transition from the leadership under the iron fist of Mao Zedong to the more liberal Deng Xiao Ping gave the People's Republic a gradual increase in economic freedom while maintaining political stability. During Mao's regime, the country focused on bolstering and serving the community, while subsequently encumbering individual growth and prosperity. Deng advocated a more capitalist economic ideology, which established China as an economic force in the global community while endowing its citizens with more liberties and luxuries than previously granted....   [tags: Papers]

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Mao's Last Dancer

- Mao's Last Dancer Staggeringly vast and a land of great diversity, China, the world's most populous and third largest nation is more like a continent in itself than a country. With that huge population and a long history, China has made itself become a glorious and controversial country during one hundred years, especially from 1949 when China was finally at peace after decades of war, a China under China Communist Party (CCP) and Mao Zedong. There was actually a lot of changing in society as well as in particular people’s lives....   [tags: Dancing Dancers China Essays]

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History of China under Mao Zedong

- History of China under Mao Zedong The Great Leap Forward programme was introduced in 1958 when Mao saw that a new middle class of "experts" growing up, calling the shots in high places of society. He also wanted to increase the country's production and catalyse industrialisation. Seeing an urgent need to lead China back to "true" Communism, he announced the "Great Leap Forward". The Great Leap Forward programme is said to be an economic failure, as it did not meet its initial aims....   [tags: Papers]

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Abuse of Power in George Orwell's 1984 and Under the Rule of Mao Zedong

- Government systems are an essential role in maintaining a social environment, but enormous power from the elite can debilitate the majority population to a substandard way of living. Abuse of power is seen in George Orwell’s political fiction 1984 as well as in the Communist Party of China under chairman Mao Zedong. Both of these government systems use their superiority to control one’s way of living, whether it be a destiny of squalor or utter submissiveness. The main tactics shared between the Party and chairman Mao are their use of targeting children to fight for them, destruction of information that could lead society to an unwanted way of thinking, and forced unification of the populati...   [tags: government, control, nationalism]

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How Huawei Technologies Succeed in Global Competition

- Huawei, a Chinese telecommunications equipment and services company established in 1987 in Shenzhen, China, has drawn worldwide attention in the recent years. Although many people have not heard of it or even pronounce its name right, the fact that Huawei has become the largest telecommunications equipment maker in the world cannot be overlooked. Benefiting from the Chinese economic reform led by Deng Xiaoping, Huawei gained the opportunity to develop its overseas markets; however, it was not enough for a small company like Huawei to achieve incredible success....   [tags: huawei, telecommunications, mao zedong]

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Mao Zedong's Second Five Year Plan in 1958

- Mao Zedong's Second Five Year Plan in 1958 China is a gigantic country and historians can study and trace their civilisations as far back as five thousand years ago. The Manchu emperors had ruled China since 1644. At the end of the nineteenth century and leading up to the twentieth century the emperor of China, Guangxu, was dominated by his aunt, the empress Ci xii. For forty years she ruled for her nephew. China entered the twentieth century on a wave of reactionary terror, as the loose affiliation of north-east Chinese Secret Society groups known as the "Boxers" began a protracted attempt to destroy all Chinese Christian converts, and the missionaries who preac...   [tags: Papers]

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Tradition And Modernity Within Spring Silkworms

- Tradition and Modernity within Spring Silkworms Mao Dun, author of "Spring Silkworms", was a twentieth century Chinese novelist, critic, organizer, editor, and advocate for Chinese Communism. According to David Wang, Mao Dun was one of the most versatile Chinese literati among the May Fourth generation. Mao Dun was an advocate and practitioner of European naturalism. Motivated by history and politics, Mao Dun has introduced western literary ideas to China in his novels. As a left wing writer Mao Dun focuses on the peasant's point of view and relies on his depiction of reality to evoke change....   [tags: Mao Dun]

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Mao Tse-Tung

- Mao Tse-Tung Mao Tse-Tung was a revolutionary person in his era; his ideas and actions have changed the lives of billions of Chinese people. Mao's motifs were made to make the people of the People Republic of China live a life free from poverty and live in a more pleasant place. Mao used many methods to make this possible but some of them were cruel and inhumane, the consequences of his actions marked the Chinese for many generations and will continue. Mao was born December 26, 1893, into a peasant family in the village of Shaoshan, Hunan province....   [tags: Papers]

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The Great Leap Forward

- The Great Leap Forward (1958-1960), was an economic and social plan initiated by Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), with the intent of radically increasing agricultural and industrial production in the People's Republic of China, and of bringing China to the brink of a utopian communist society. The Great Leap Forward was a reaction to the Hundred Flowers Campaign, a more moderate development program in China in 1957. In this earlier program, Mao Zedong tried to win the support of Chinese intellectuals by calling for their constructive criticism of the policies of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)....   [tags: Mao Zedong Mao Tse-tung]

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The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China

- The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” or the “Cultural Revolution” had been a failed attempt at making China a stronger country. This revolution had destroyed China’s rich history. The period from 1966 to 1969 had been terrifying years in which the Red Guards used violence to purge China of any anti- communist sources. Mao Zedong had led the violence and turmoil in China after his failed attempt at the Great Leap Forward. He relied on China’s youth to change the traditional customs and ideas....   [tags: rich history, government leader, Mao]

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The Impact of China’s One Child Policy

- China’s One Child Policy is still a current issue today. Before the policy was created, Mao Tse Dong, was China’s communist leader, who believed in planned births. He wanted the country to go by the slogan “later, longer, fewer.” This encouraged families to have fewer children, to space the births out longer, and to have them at a later age in life (Nadia 295). He believed that once people’s education increased so would the practice of birth control. This would help lower fertility rate and could bring some people out of poverty....   [tags: population control, Mao Tse Dong]

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Economic Systems: Communism

- Throughout history the world has experienced several types of socio-economies, from Mussolini’s fascism to Mao’s communism. All of those economies have its weaknesses and strengths and most have countries that can validate its effectiveness. However, to decide which economy is truly better for society, there has to be criteria on which to judge the economy’s effectiveness. So what is a society. In essence, it is a network of bonds we as human beings forged under the assumption, that working together we can all be happier than if we were only looking out for ourselves....   [tags: fascism, mussolini, mao]

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Strategies of Mao, Stalin, Truman in the Korean War From Odd Man Out and The Korean War

- A. Analysis The two sources, “ODD MAN OUT” and “The Korean War” are valuable to answer the research question as motives and strategies of Mao, Truman and Stalin are intelligibly delivered with delicate illustrations of the Korean War. The three leaders, Mao, Truman and Stalin had their own motivations, following the implement of the different strategies, influenced the Korea War as shown in Section B. Some inconsistent evidence in Section B is because of historians’ various perspectives and differed opinions on the Korean War....   [tags: motivations, communism, china]

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People’s Republic of China Country Analysis

- Located in Southeast Asia along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, China is one of the oldest countries in the world, comprising of a culture that has continuously shaped itself over the past 4,000 years to form what is known today as, the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Known as the father of the PRC, Mao Zedong formed the PRC on 1Oth October 1949, ending a long process of governmental upheaval that began with the Chinese Revolution of 1911. Currently, China is one of the worlds few socialist states openly endorsing communism, ruled by the Communist Party of China (CPC), and endorses substantial constraints on its people, such as restrictions on access to the internet, freedom of the press,...   [tags: mao zedong, china, chinese revolution]

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China's Catastrophic Cultural Revolution

- Impeccably true to its definition, the Chinese characters for “revolution” literally mean “elimination of life”, proved by China’s catastrophic cultural revolution. Communist leader Mao Zedong sought to eliminate the past and push for a resurrection only to land China miserably behind. By wiping away years of scientific and literary advancements, China renounced its grandiose history and way of life. In 1966, Communist leader Mao Zedong initiated the Cultural Revolution in China intended to reaffirm his domination over the Chinese government, drastically affecting the lives of nearly everyone in China....   [tags: Chinese Revolution, Chinese History, Mao Zedong]

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China's Rise

- China’s last dynasty ended one hundred years ago, and the last great dynasty ended one thousand years ago. (Dharmananda)Nonetheless, China is rising out of the ashes in modern times. China became a communist nation in nineteen hundred and forty nine. (Woods, 2009) With the help of the U.S.S.R., China made multiple nuclear weapons in the nineteen fifties. This sparked the start of China’s military modernization and their reemergence to the international community. China’s international policy is to promote world peace....   [tags: Chinese History, Mao]

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Second Sino-Japanese War

- Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. As our quality of life improves, we start to focus on our environment and other beings/organisms. During this process of focusing on other things, we encounter more and more ethical problems. This leads to the knowledge issue, to what extend does ethics limit a knowers’ acquisition of knowledge. Over time these ethical judgments lead to limited knowledge production, especially in the arts and natural sciences....   [tags: Mao, Rise to Power, Japanese History, War]

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Wild Swans by Jun Chang

- Jung Chang is a Chinese-born British writer that is known for her award-winning book, Wild Swans. After having several jobs at a young age, Jung Chang became an English-language student, and an assistant lecturer at Sichuan University. In 1978, Chang left China for Britain, where the University of York awarded her a scholarship. At the university, she acquired a Ph.D. in linguistics in 1982. Interestingly, Chang was the first person from the People’s Republic of China to obtain a doctorate from a British university....   [tags: chinese-born british writer, english]

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Struggles of the Cultural Revolution in Bei Dao's "Notes from the City of the Sun"

- Struggles of the Cultural Revolution Revealed in Bei Dao’s “Notes from the City of the Sun” In his poem, “Notes from the City of the Sun”, Bei Dao utilizes obscure imagery consistent with the Misty Poets and veiled political references to illustrate the struggles in Chinese society during the Cultural Revolution. The poem is sectioned into fourteen short stanzas containing imagery that are symbolic of the cultural hegemony in China under the rule of Mao Zedong. Bei Dao, born Zhao Zhen-kai, is an anti-revolutionary poet and one of the founders of a group known as the Misty Poets....   [tags: Chinese poetry]

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Chaotic Period During the Cultural Revolution in China

- Introduction The period of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) was a period in which every level of society was subjected to great sufferings. Although the loss of life was greater during the Great Leap Forward and the second Sino-Japanese war, suffering is not only measured in loss of life. Great pieces of cultural heritage was destroyed, official institutions seized functioning and everyone was in danger of being accused of counter-revolutionary (so called black) activities or tendencies. This might seem as the very definition of a society in a chaotic state, but it is interesting to discuss what is actually understood as chaos....   [tags: china, world history, asia]

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Life for Teenagers in China During the Late 1960s

- ... Mao mobilized the Chinese people to speed up the process of industrialization in order to catch up with the other nations. Mao needed to change direction but he faced disapproval with the Chinese Communist Party because of his massive failing for the Great Leap Forward. Mao became concerned that China was moving away from socialist ideals to capitalism. In 1958 he promoted a self-reliant “Great Leap Forward” campaign in rural development. The failure of the Great Leap Forward weakened Mao’s position in the communist party factions and they started to form against him....   [tags: good, bad, waste, ]

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Analysis of the First Chinese Civil War

- The revolution in China of 1911, led to the fall of the Manchu dynasty. The result was that the newly formed Republic failed to control China and could not prevent China from being exploited by foreign powers. To restore order and regain central control over China, the nationalists and communists first worked together. Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the nationalist forces, was anti-communist and removed communists from key positions in unified party. Chiang Kai-shek then went on to attack the communists in Shanghai 1927....   [tags: chiang kai-shek, china, chinese revolution]

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The Struggles of Liang Heng in Son of the Revolution

- The Sun of the Revolution by Liang Heng, is intriguing and vivid, and gives us a complex and compelling perspective on Chines culture during a confusing time period. We get the opportunity to learn the story of a young man with a promising future, but an unpleasant childhood. Liang Heng was exposed to every aspect of the Cultural Revolution in China, and shares his experiences with us, since the book is written from Liang perspective, we do not have a biased opinion from an elite member in the Chinese society nor the poor we get an honest opinion from the People’s Republic of China....   [tags: social eduation,culture revolution,chinese]

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Maoist Theory and Agrarian Socialism

- ... With proper mobilisation and training, the peasants could be transformed into an extremely capable force. These developments in Maoism provided the peasants with purpose and prepositioned a very positive relationship with their Communist leaders, however led to a split with their Moscow counterparts. Essential to Maoism and in opposition to the Comintern, is guerrilla warfare tactics of which included a structured army organisation. This developed due to consecutive unsuccessful conflicts. Mao Zedong characterised his guerrilla warfare tactics as "when the enemy advances we retreat to avoid him, when the enemy stops we harass him, when the enemy is tired we attack him, and when the enemy...   [tags: marxism, communist rule, chinese population]

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The Impact of The Cultural Revolution on China from 1965-1968

- The Cultural Revolution had a massive impact on China from 1965 to 1968. The Cultural Revolution is the name given to Mao’s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China. Mao had not been a very self-motivated leader from the late 1950’s on, and feared others in the party might be taking on a leading role that weakened his power within the party and the country. Basically, the Cultural Revolution was a failed attempt by Mao to re-impose his authority on the party and therefore, the country as well. Not only did the Cultural Revolution have a massive impact on China, but many other countries as well....   [tags: Chinese History]

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To What Extent Did the Red Guards Control the Cultural Revolution

- To what extent did the Red Guards control the Cultural Revolution.   Section A The Cultural Revolution in China started in 1966 and ended on Mao Zedong’s death in 1976, on September 9th. While headed by Mao Zedong (sometimes spelled Tse-Tung), otherwise known as Chairman Mao, the Cultural Revolution contained a powerful group who called themselves the Red Guard, student activists who killed, pillaged, and destroyed “Old Fours” for Zedong. One could argue they were the drive of the Revolution. However, the Red Guards were not the Cultural Revolution, though, neither was Mao Zedong....   [tags: modern Chinese history, communism]

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China's Cultural Revolution

- Temples, restaurants, and all signs of old values were ransacked by the Red Guard youths. The Cultural revolution put middle school and high school students in charge of the nation and like a version of Lord of the Flies the nation fell into anarchy and paralysis The Cultural Revolution also lead to changes within the structure of the communist party. Before the Cultural Revolution Liu Shaoqi was Mao Zedong's designated successor, but during the early stages of the Cultural Revolution Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping and many others who Mao deemed as being rightists were removed from the party....   [tags: Cultural Revolution Essays]

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The Great Leap Forward was a Setback for China

- ... Mao's "Great Leap Forward" and the Cultural Revolution were ill-conceived and had disastrous consequences, but many of his goals, including stressing China's self-reliance, were generally laudable. This act of violence was for the advancement of China’s economy to be equal with the ‘’United States of America’’.Mao wanted to compete with America therefore he made citizens and also peasants communize. The people trusted Chairman Mao. Mao was not question by anyone even though it was clearly aware to everyone what he was doing or trying to succeed was inevitable ....   [tags: economic powerhouse, modernize, industrialize]

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Chinese History: Pointed at the Wrong Direction

- China has always been proud of its history. Being one of the most advance civilizations way before America was even discovered, a lot of the Chinese today still cling on to their glory days even if they are one of the world’s superpowers. A massive country with patriotic citizens and a great economy is what people know of China today. However, what most people do not know and the rest wanting to forget, is that China had its fair share of atrocities done to its very own people. One of these, of course, would be the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, wherein under the great struggle of Mao Zedong return to power, he turned youths by the thousand to be his personal army, infamously known a...   [tags: agricultural lifestyle, industrialized nation]

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China's Future Democracy

- Thesis: In viewing China’s political background, as well as the current state of affairs, it is reasonable to predict that China will eventually become a democracy. History Looking back in history, one of the most dominant figures in Chinese politics in the 1930’s was Mao Zedong. Mao is very well known as the leader of the CCP as well as a dictator. Mao was inspired by revolutionary potential of peasantry and wanted to create a revolutionary strategy that would rely on their strength. During the First Five-Year Plan, a period between 1953 and 1957, some of the goals of the communist Chinese government were to increase heavy industrial production, collectivize light industry and retail enter...   [tags: China]

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Guerrilla Warfare Leaders of the 20th Century

- ... China was a Feudal system rotten with unfair tax collectors, bandits, and unfair landlords who took advantage of men, women, and children with unfair labor demands. Mao observed from his youth a feudal system combined with a semicolonial system from imperialistic foreign powers from the French, British, Germans, and Russians. Land reform in his opinion was necessary and the process of expropriation and redistribution of wealth was necessary to remedy the imbalance of power and resources among his people....   [tags: reformers, conditions, freedom]

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The Criticism of the Cultural Revolution and the Maoist Regime

- Dai Sijie was sent to a re-education camp in Rural Sichuan from 1971 to 1974 because he was born into an educated family. Due to this experience, Sijie wrote Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress which tells the story of two boys undergoing re-education during the Cultural Revolution. The creation of Scar Literature began following the end of the Cultural Revolution and the death of Mao Zedong.(“Post-Mao Years”) “Scar Literature was intended to be cathartic…[and] contained depressing or horrific accounts of life during the Cultural Revolution…[and] each personal story effectively constitutes a criticism of their policies” (“Scar Literature”)....   [tags: Dai Sijie, chinese seamstress, Scar]

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May Fourth Movement and Beyond

- Mao Zedong, the prominent leader of the Cultural Revolution and one of the innovators of the People’s Republic of China, once declared, “Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. Such is history; such is the history of civilization for thousands of years.” By the time the Qing Dynasty met its inevitable downfall in 1919, a new set of radicals started protesting of a new form of government on May Fourth. This movement, known as the May Fourth Movement, facilitated the Marxist and Leninist ideologies which had been circulating from the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution in Soviet Russia....   [tags: China]

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1068 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Chinese Peasants and Communism

- The Communist revolution in China was loosely based on the revolution in Russia. Russia was able to implement the beginnings of Marxist Communism in the way that it was intended They had a large working class of factory workers, known as the proletariat, that were able to band together and rise up to overthrow the groups of rich property owners, known as the bourgeoisie. The communist party wanted to adopted this same Marxist sense of revolution, but they realized that there were some fatal flaws in the differences between the two countries....   [tags: ]

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The era of Communist China and the Cultural Revolution

- The era of Communist China and the Cultural Revolution (1949-1976) marked a significant period in the history of China. Ongoing conflict between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Nationalist Party, Kuomintang (KMT), led to the Chinese Civil War (1945-1949). In 1949, the CPC, who allied closely with the Soviet Union, defeated the Nationalist Party and took control of mainland China. CPC’s leader Mao Zedong established the People’s Republic of China which is also commonly known today as Communist China (“History of China”)....   [tags: chinese cinema, communist party]

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The Impact of China's One-Child Policy

- The Chinese population has been growing since the beginning of Chinese civilization, but never as rapidly as when the People’s Republic of China was formed. Mao Zedong believed that expanding the population would lead to a spur in economic growth. The People’s Republic of China provided improved sanitation and medicine, which helped facilitate the growth of the Chinese population. The encouragement of population growth was soon ended after both the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution because China was unable to support such a large expansion of the population....   [tags: China's One-Child Policy]

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The Dragon Enters the War

- The Dragon Enters the War In June 1950, a few months after the announcement of the Beijing-Moscow alliance, the Korean crisis erupted. Early in October, shortly after the South Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel, the CCP made a final decision to enter the Korean War to fight the American-led international forces. What precipitated Beijing's decision to invade Korea. What were the CCP's motives and objectives in taking part in the Korean conflict . What kind of role did the newly established Sino-Soviet alliance play in Beijing's decision to cross the Yalu River....   [tags: essays research papers]

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658 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

The Great Leap Backward

- Imagine ruling an empire that’s economy and agriculture is growing slowly while at the same time having a population burst. What would you do. Continue on improving and gaining little or increase production to try to save the blooming population. This is the situation Mao Zedong, emperor of China, was forced to face in the 1950’s. So, he made a plan that was suggested to him by the Soviet Union called the First Five-Year Economic Plan; focusing on speeding up the production of agriculture to increase the economy and decrease nation wide famine....   [tags: Economics]

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Treatments of Parkinson's Disease

- Introduction Although Parkinson’s disease does not have a known cure, there are ways to treat and manage it. There are many components of treatments of Parkinson’s disease such as patient’s age, cognitive, life style, and symptom severity (Lyons & Pahwa, 2011, p. 29). With those components known, treatment can be modified based on the patient’s case. Treatment of Parkinson’s disease includes prescription drugs and non-pharmacologic treatment. One of the ways to manage Parkinson’s disease is prescription drugs....   [tags: Prescription Drugs, Therapies]

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Life Outcomes of The Cultural Revolution

- “How did the disruption of the educational system during the Cultural Revolution affect the life outcomes of people who were getting their educations in the period 1966-75?” By using this as a topic to question, I will be reviewing the impact of the lack of education had on people as they got older and began looking for jobs in China. Although it may seem clear to many on why missing an education would make it harder for one to obtain a job, I still think it needs to be looked into as why this education was stopped, and following with the affects it had on people....   [tags: Chinese history, education]

Term Papers
2018 words | (5.8 pages) | Preview

China's One Child Policy

- In 2004 the Congress of the United States was forced to focus on an incident that occurred as a result of China’s One Child Policy. Mao Hengfeng “troubles with the Chinese government began in the late 1980s when, pregnant for a second time, she asked her work unit to provide larger housing for her growing family. This was refused on the grounds that she was in violation of China's one-child policy,” (Baillot). To battle the indecencies that she felt that were directed towards her, Mao Hengfeng began to fight against the social injustice that she and others faced under the one child policy....   [tags: Population Control in China]

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2336 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

Emotion of Death in A Mother in a Refugee Camp, Rember and Do not Go Gentle into that Good Night

- 10. Chinese Civil War after World War 2: Following World War II a Civil War broke out in China, between the Nationalists and Chiang's militia. The United States saw the Nationalists as the legitimate government in China, at which the United States aided the Nationalists in battles. The Chiang militia kept moving from capital to capital, and in 1949 they decided to flee the country into Taiwan, which they catches and declare the Republic of China, and the Nationalists proclaimed their region as the People's Republic of China....   [tags: attitudes, strong vocabulary, chinua achebe]

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The Cultural Revolution

- Mao Ze Dong started the Great Cultural Revolution in 1966, in what appeared to be a massive cleansing policy to ensure the final victory of Mao and his supporters over the rest of the Chinese Communist party. Mao Zedong officially launched the Cultural Revolution at Eleventh Plenum of the Eighth Central Committee. Over the next decade, literally millions of people were destroyed, imprisoned and blamed for previously hidden 'bourgeois tendencies' while tens of thousands were executed. Mao Zedong also attempted to change the beliefs and old ways of the Chinese people by changing the education in schools....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Asian Immigration to the United States

- ... By 1965 Guerilla warfare activity decreases after U.s bombing of North Vietnamese. In 1975 Pathet Lao was officially a communist country and took control of the whole country. Pathet Lao abolished monarch and Lao were then made a republic. Souphanouvong became president and Kaysone Phomvihane was the leader of the communist party. A dramatic amount of Laotians fled to Thailand and sought for refuge to the United States. In the 1990’s Pathet Lao deserted communism and changed to capitalism....   [tags: freedom, better life]

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Causes of Chinese Communism

- China, along with most every country in history, has long had conflicts which caused new governments to take power. However, China’s civil war of the 1940’s was the first that caused a non-dynastic government to come to power in China. The Communist and Nationalist parties struggled over who would finally take control of the fledgling government. The Nationalist party represented more traditional Confucian values, as well as (oddly enough) democracy. In contrast, the Communists wished to dismantle the traditional social hierarchies and establish a socialist state....   [tags: Far Eastern history]

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962 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Effects of the Communists’ Policies Towards Women on the Communists’ Rise to Power in China

- This investigation will cover women’s participation in the Long March, the People’s Republic of China Constitution in 1949, Mao’s policies for foot binding, the 1950 Marriage Law, and women’s increased participation in society. I will analyze journal articles and books from Western and Asian authors to evaluate various historians’ views on Communists’ policies towards women and the effects they had on Communists’ rise to power. Kellee Tsai’s Women and the state in post-1949 rural China and John King Fairbank’s “The Great Chinese Revolution: 1800-1985” are two of the principle sources and will be evaluated....   [tags: History, Feminism]

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The People's Rights vs. The Governments Responsibility: A Look at China's One-Child Policy

- I Introduction China has about 1.3 billion people — 20 percent of the world’s population. Young Chinese people today -members of the “Baby-Boom/Only-Child Generation” -face a host of unique challenges, including heavy pressure from their families to succeed and more opportunities than ever before to go to school, travel, and obtain fulfilling employment. But family life is an important issue, especially where the One-Child Policy is concerned. The policy has affected millions of people's lives, and will continue to change people over the course of years....   [tags: population control, government]

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1450 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Population Growth in China

- Thesis statement : Since the population has grown rapidly since in the past Fifty (5) years, how did the Chinese government deal with the population explosion in the past and how will they deal,with it in the future. Though China is the world's fifth-largest country in terms of area and the second largest country in Asia, it is the most populous country in the world. There is over one billion Chinese people which is 19 percent of the world's population and the population still keeps growing. From 2000 to 2010, Chinese population growth is about 6.2% and if we compared the population from 1960 with 2010, the population had grown more than 100%....   [tags: population density, one child policy]

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1744 words | (5 pages) | Preview

Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress

- There are many things that most people take for granted. Things people do regularly, daily and even expect to do in the future. These things include eating meals regularly, having a choice in schooling, reading, choice of job and a future, and many more things. But what if these were taken away and someone told you want to eat, where and when to work, what you can read, and dictated your future. Many of these things happened in some degree or another during the Chinese Culture Revolution under Mao Zedong that began near the end of the 1960’s....   [tags: China's Culture Revolution, literary analysis]

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Red Scarf Girl, by Ji-Li lang

- ... When she is told at this early point in the revolution she would not pass the audition, she is only getting an insidious whiff of what is to come, but has not experienced anything that would be wrong with her family, the revolution, or otherwise the world up until then. Although small, her first glimpse at the tormenting trials that are to come start to penetrate into her oblivious mind, and make her start to think about the question that is sparked in that moment of whom she belongs to. In the middle of Red Scarf Girl, she starts to fully realize the impact of the revolution as the acrid question of which side to choose starts to burst....   [tags: literary analysis, conflicts]

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788 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

The Modernization of Chinese Opera

- The topic of investigation is to determine whether the modernizations of Chinese operas justifiably portrayed China. The investigation will focus on Chinese operas from 1949-1976 and the government’s involvement during the Culture Revolution. Mao’s motivations to reform China are considered within this investigation and the relation between are explored. The two main sources selected for evaluation, Chinese Perspectives in Rhetoric and Communication by D. Ray Heisey and Red Azalea written by Anchee Min, will be evaluated for their origins, purposes, limitations, and values....   [tags: Culture ]

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Effects of Chinese Communist Revolution

- ... People were put into different classes, and the class of landlords was suppressed. Despites those landlords who treated the peasants badly, and they got properties by exploiting the others, but there were good landlords who worked with the peasants and earn their properties by hard work. In The Corpse Walker, the former landlord Zhou Shude said ”I was kind to others. I had never harmed anyone or harbored any ill feelings toward others. However, my fellow villagers, who used to be polite and respectful, had suddenly changed, as if they had all donned different facial masks.” (Liao, 137) Zhou was a kind landlord, who worked very hard to buy back the properties that his brother sold for opi...   [tags: world history, conflicts that changed the world]

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Harmed or Harnessed? The Effects of Capitalism on China

- Since implementing capitalistic reforms in the 1970s, the gross domestic product of China has risen by an average of 9.5 percent each year. This growth is expected to continue at this breakneck pace, and China is estimated to overtake the United States as the world’s largest economy by 2026 (Ding 6). This influx in wealth has catalyzed advancements in Chinese technology, has enabled better access to education for millions of people, and has increased the overall standard of living for over a billion people....   [tags: Chinese economy after captitalistic reforms]

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1805 words | (5.2 pages) | Preview

The Stanford Method of the Execution of Mayor Yin

- The story “The Execution of Mayor Yin” takes a perilous look at the dark side of the events that happened during the Cultural Revolution. Chairman Mao’s Red Guards were tasked with a cultural cleansing that left many people more confused at the roles they played in society than it reinforced the social class structure. The story tells of a young member of the Red Guard and the personal conflict he suffered during the cleansing of Hsingan, which lay to rest his uncle and possibly even a good friend....   [tags: cultural, revolution, social, stucture, evil]

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935 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Alliance Between China and the Soviet Union

- The alliance between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Soviet Union was formed as a result of mutual interests and the desire of both states to pursue their respective national and geopolitical imperatives. Although Chinese historical experience and Marxist ideology played a role in constructing these interests, the actions of the Chinese Community Party (CCP) reflect an overarching proclivity toward solidifying their power and securing the nascent republic. This essay will examine the multifarious factors that influenced the Soviet alliance, including relations between the PRC, United States (US) and Soviet Union in addition to PRC foreign policy and its strategic objectives....   [tags: History, Sino-Centrism, Communist Ideology]

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1591 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

Chinese Economic Reform

- Chinese Economic Reform Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China's leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenure as China's premier, Mao had encouraged social movements such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, which had had as their base ideologies such as serving the people and maintaining the class struggle. By 1978 "Chinese leaders were searching for a solution to serious economic problems produced by Hua Guofeng, the man who had succeeded Mao Zedong as Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader after Mao's death" (Shirk 35)....   [tags: essays papers]

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4784 words | (13.7 pages) | Preview

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