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Mao Zedong Case Study

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Mao---the one whose mistakes, shot contributions down
After the validation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Mao Zedong as the Chairman of PRC and the Communist Party held most political power in China. By using his tremendous influence in China, Mao conducted a series of nationwide movements in order to rapidly reform China’s politics, economy and culture. However, instead of leading China to a more hopeful future, Mao pushed China into a period of darkness. Many historical evidences showed that Mao had brought more pain than happiness to Chinese people. No matter how many great things Mao did in his earlier years, the mistakes that Mao made in the 100 Flower Campaign, the Great Leap Forward, ad the Cultural Revolution, can neither
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The Great Leap Forward started in 1956 was another great example to interpret Mao’s irritable personality. After the 100 Flower Campaign, the Great Leap Forward was launched to accelerate the industrialization in China. Without much assistance from economic experts because of the “rightist” curse, Mao again conducted another national farce: all Chinese peasant men were inspired by Mao to make steels day and night, even in their backyards; and women were responsible for the field works. (481) Even though some bridges, railways, and power stations were built throughout the country during the Great Leap Forward, the qualities of many steels were too low to use for industrialization, and the movement caused countless waste without the specific instructions from specialists. (481). In the article “Two perspective on Mao Zedong”, Jiang Yihua describes Mao as a political leader whose “understanding of modern industrial civilization was not as deep as his understanding of agricultural civilization.” I agree with the part of this statement. The failure of the Great Leap Forward was not only because of Mao’s limited knowledge about industrialization, but also because of Mao’s selfish thought. If Mao was a dependable leader who really cares about China’s industrial development and care less about his personal reputation or achievement, he would have given much more…show more content…
Mao never gives up to seize power even he was around seventy years old. (484) During the first phase of the Culture Revolution, Mao encouraged Chinese youths to join “Red Guard” activities, and caused the closure of many Universities and schools. Like many innocent people who were punished during the 100 Flower Campaign, many victims were “forced to stand with their head down and their arms raised behind them in the ‘airplane’ position and to listen to former friends and colleagues jeer at and curse them” (484) Liu Shaoqi, another Communist leader who promoted the idea of revising China, was labeled “chief capitalist roader” and seized by Red Guard in1967. (484) Mao removed foreign things from the stores in the second phase of the Culture Revolution from 1968-1976 to reduce the effect from foreign countries on Chinese people. (487) If Mao loves his people, he won’t let the Red Guards mistreat and beat many people to death. If Mao was not egoistic, he won’t ruthless hurt his Party fellows.
Mao could have done better for the country. Mao’s contributions to China were significant, yet his mistakes could also shoot down many of his contributions. Mao in his late years already lost his ability to rationally manage the country. It’s sad to admit that Mao’s spoil for dominating the country eternally kept him away from loving his people
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