After reading several different versions about the fall of the Western Roman Empire, one thing is clear, there are multiple chief theories as to what caused the depressing fate of this once enormous superpower.
The first interpretation of what happened to the Western Roman Empire comes from author Adrian Goldsworthy, who believes that Western Rome declined. He states several theories while describing the fall of Rome from Persians to internal threats, he seems to have left no stone unturned. Goldsworthy makes sure to note that “no single event…can be said to have caused [the fall]’’ (Goldsworthy 405). That being said, one theory Goldsworthy seems to focus on more than th...
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...tiresome for them to try to defend themselves. When barbarians invade, they tend to do so for once reason, to gain land, and whether the loss of land to the barbarians is small or grand “Every temporary, as well as permanent loss of territory brought a decline in imperial revenue” (Heather 434), thus weakening the empire. When the Huns disappeared, the Western Roman Empire was caught off guard. At this point the Huns had begun to be integrated into the Western Roman Empire and had become vital soldiers. This sudden disappearance by the Huns is considered “the straw that broke the western Empire’s back” (Heather 435). This was the act that ended the Western Roman Empire’s reign as a superpower. With all this evidence pointed towards the barbarian hypothesis, it is easy to see Heather’s reasons why the Hun’s are mostly to blame for the Western Roman Empire’s collapse.
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