Revolutionary Artillery in the Revolutionary War Essays

Revolutionary Artillery in the Revolutionary War Essays

Length: 865 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


In 1775, thirteen colonies began a fight for their independence from Britain’s rule. Without formal training in artillery tactics or a proper armament of artillery pieces, early units had to overcome adversity and hardship. But with courage and dedication the artillery and its leadership were able to play a vital role in the success on the battlefields, and ultimately the victory resulting in America earning its freedom.
During the Revolutionary War, the Artillery assets that were available were a combination of cannons, mortars and howitzers. There were two types of cannons used at this time. The Field Guns, which were lightweight and easier to move, and the Siege Guns, which were much heavier and less mobile. The cannons utilized three different types of rounds. The rounds were solid shot, grapeshot, and canister. The solid shot rounds were used for structures, buildings, and ships. The grapeshot, which was a canvas bag of lead or iron balls, was ideal for long range personnel. The canister shot was a wooden cartridge carrying iron balls and when fired would explode like a shotgun for shorter range personnel. The cannons were mostly low trajectory as opposed the mortars which were high trajectory and fire bomb shells. The mortar was based on a wooden platform and a wedge of wood was used to incline the front of the barrel. There were land service mortars and sea service mortars. The land service being more mobile and the sea service much heavier and were permanently positioned on ships. By the time of the Revolutionary War there were nine types of land service mortar and four types of sea service mortar. They ranged from 4.4 to 13 inches. The rounds fired out of mortars were designed to fire at a high trajecto...


... middle of paper ...


...ctory at Monmouth as saying, “It is with peculiar pleasure … that the Commander-in-Chief can inform General Knox and the other officers of the artillery, that the enemy has done them the justice to acknowledge that no artillery could be better served than ours”. At its onset, the war seemed a futile effort, but with combination of brute strength and precision the artillery was able to help carry our young nation on to victory.




Works Cited

1. Washington, George. George Washington’s General Orders. From the Library of Congress, 1778. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mgw3&fileName=mgw3 g/gwpage003.db&recNum (accessed November 9, 2013)
2. Alden, John. A History of the American Revolution. New York: Da Capo Press, 1969. (accessed November 7, 2013).
3. Davis, Burke.The campaign that won America. New York: Harper Collins, 2007. (accessed October 15, 2013).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

American Revolution : The American Revolutionary War Essay example

- Brandon Dille Hist. 1010 Final Project 11/30/2015 The American Revolution The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. The tension that arose because of this was due in simple fact thanks to the crown applying harsh rules and regulations involving taxes. Skirmishes between British troops and colonial militiamen commonly many times called the minutemen thanks to their ability to be into combat at any time in Lexington and Concord in April 1775 kicked off...   [tags: American Revolutionary War, American Revolution]

Better Essays
1748 words (5 pages)

New Jersey's Part in the Revolutionary War Essay

- New Jersey played a huge part in the Revolutionary War. During the war George Washington and his army spent almost half the Revolutionary War in New Jersey. From the year 1775 to 1783 New Jersey was a battle field to many important battles. For this reason New Jersey was named the cross roads of the American Revolution. Most battles were fought in southern Jersey in places like Fort Monmouth, Fort Mercer, and Trenton. Many important people made their way through northern Jersey to for example Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, and Thomas Paine (“American Revolution”)....   [tags: American Revolution, Revolutionary War, US history]

Better Essays
566 words (1.6 pages)

Civil War And The American Revolutionary War Essay

- The Civil War In this paper we will compare and contrast the civil war and the American revolutionary war. We will look at length of the war, causes, death toll, and major battles. The American Civil war started in April of 1861and ended in May of 1865. According to the website findthedata.com, “The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories.” (American Civil War, 2015) The northern states also known as The Union were against slavery and didn’t want the southern states to own slaves....   [tags: American Civil War, United States]

Better Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on West Point And The American Revolutionary War

- During the Civil War, a young nation was divided. Families were torn apart, brothers fighting brothers. There was no neutral ground. Everything was split, including the United States Military Academy. Previous classmates at West Point, bound together by principles and virtues would now face the inconceivable: fight each other in battle. The history of West Point leads back to the American Revolutionary War. West Point was a key fort on the west bank of the Hudson River. It was considered to be the most strategic location in America, but was sold away to the British by Benedict Arnold, a notorious traitor....   [tags: American Civil War, Robert E. Lee]

Better Essays
1740 words (5 pages)

Alexander Hamilton : The Revolutionary War Essays

- Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton was a political scientist ,government official, economist, and lawyer, from 1755-1804. Alexander Hamilton once said, “May God give you wisdom to see what is your true interest, and inspire you with becoming zeal for the cause of virtue and mankind.”(Alexander Hamilton) Alexander Hamilton was a strong-willed individual, because he overcame so many instances of adversity. Alexander Hamilton was born into a poor family that did not have many chances, but he did become a well-educated man, that played a large role in what the United States of America is today and he was able to overcome his poor childhood....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1062 words (3 pages)

Essay The Beginning of the Revolutionary War

- The beginning of the Revolutionary war was dominated by the British offensive that secured victories in Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, and Long Island, causing a sense of urgency and a need for nationalism among Colonials. Throughout the colonies Tories or Loyalists chose to remain loyal to Britain while Patriots chose to revolt against “taxation without representation,” and more generally the overpowered British government. Connecticut, a provisional powerhouse that supplied much of the continental cause with supplies such as clothes and foodstuffs, proved to be predominately Anti-Tory as it passed laws that prevented Tories from holding any sort of public office....   [tags: british offensive, nationalism]

Better Essays
1381 words (3.9 pages)

The American Revolutionary War Essay

- On the cold winter night of December 16th 1773, the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Indians, silently crept onto British ships docked in Boston Harbor. Three ships were boarded: the Dartmouth, Eleanor, and Beaver. It is there that these men began throwing crates upon crates of tea (an estimated 342 crates) into the harbor. This action, more commonly known as the Boston Tea Party was the first such violent act by colonials and this enraged the British. The British passed harsher laws, banned town meetings, took away the power of local officials, and finally closed Boston Harbor, which prevented goods from going in and out of the city.1 This single act of colonial resentment towards royal autho...   [tags: tea party, british, treaty of paris]

Better Essays
876 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Integration Of Women During The Revolutionary War

- The world is constantly changing and the perception and reaction by individuals to the various changes can affect a countries Warfighting capabilities and personnel. Over the past couple centuries and more noticeably in the past decade, the tactics used in the Iraq and Afghanistan war, have evolved significantly. From this evolution, countries have learned to adapt and adopt many different aspects of the way they fight in order to meet the ever-changing demands of the battlefield. The most recent change that is currently affecting the United States Armed Forces is the integration of women within the various combat professions, which is the recent topic of much debate within the United States...   [tags: Military, Soldier, United States Army]

Better Essays
1572 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Battle Of Yorktown And The American War

- The siege of Yorktown significantly propelled the American colonies as a legitimate power in the western hemisphere. Many variables led to the downfall of the British Army and ultimate surrender to the American army. Though the defeat can be read in history book, it goes without controversy. The British had more experience, better equipment and better leaders. Some of the factors that have to be looked at was the American and foreign military support, Cornwallis defeat and the weapons used to defeat the British army and navy....   [tags: Siege of Yorktown, American Revolutionary War]

Better Essays
2196 words (6.3 pages)

Roles People Played During the Revolutionary War Essay

- Roles People Played During the Revolutionary War Women were often referred to as "camp followers" and provided much of the nursing care, cooking help, the soldiers washing and some helped load artillery. Women looked after their loved ones, and kept family matters systematic, as well. A few were prostitutes, some officers' wives or mistresses, however the majority were married to ordinary soldiers. Deborah Champion was a beautiful spy who took information to George Washington for three years during the American Revolution....   [tags: Women Studies, Sampson, Informative]

Free Essays
323 words (0.9 pages)