The Battle of Fox Hill and Toktong Pass

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"There are not enough Chinamen in the world to stop a fully armed Marine regiment from going where ever they want to go" (Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, The men of Fox Company 2nd Battalion 7th Marine Regiment 1st Marine Division claimed their place in history 1950 during the Korean War. For their heroic actions that day on a small hill overlooking a narrow road many lives were saved. They have been immortalized in the stories that are passed down from one generation of Marine to the other. This is their story.

The Korean War began when the North Koreans invaded South Korea across the 38th parallel on June 25, 1950. The North Korean forces fought their way to Pusan at the southern edge of the Korean peninsula. With the North Koreans controlling most of the peninsula, General Douglas MacArthur landed an amphibious assault at Inchon on September 15, 1950 and wrested control of South Korea from North Korean forces. After MacArthur’s forces marched to the northern border of Korea, China entered the war. After a major Chinese attack and a major American counter attack, the front of the war had a new stage, the Chosin Reservoir (Henretta, Edwards & Self 768).

The Chosin Reservoir was a manmade lake where American forces set up defensive positions waiting for the Chinese. The Americans occupied three main villages around the reservoir: Yudam-ni to the west, Hagaru-ri to the south and Hudong- ni to the east. Late in the evening November 27th the Chinese launched surprise attacks from the west and north that successfully cut off the Americans at the Chosin reservoir from their UN allies further south. By November 28 Chinese forces had completely surrounded the Americans. To gain control of the road that lin...

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... United States. They are still honored and toasted at every Mess Night and Marine Corps Ball along with all of their fallen comrades who came before and will come after. These men are revered as gods and the battle fields where they fought and died are sacred grounds in the eyes of Marines. All the men who were at the Chosen Reservoir remember the bitter cold and fighting and are always remembered as the Frozen Chosin.

Works Cited

Drury, Bob and Calvin, Tom. The Last Stand of Fox Company. 1st ed. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2009.

Edward, Rebecca and Henretta, James and Self, Robert. America A Concise History. 5th ed. Boston: Bedford/ St. Martin’s, 2012.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how the men of fox company 2nd battalion 7th marine regiment 1st marine division claimed their place in history 1950 during the korean war.
  • Explains that the korean war began when the north koreans invaded south korea across the 38th parallel on june 25, 1950.
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