The Research Design: A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach
In the field of social sciences research, there are two distinctive contending ideologies: the quantitative (or positivist) approach where research inquiries are from the "outside" and the qualitative (or naturalist) approach where research inquiries are from the "inside" and are geared towards perfection (Ospina, 2004: 4). Quantitative research is of the assumption that data collected are done through figures and that what is being studied is independent of the researcher unless of course if the researcher choses to personally verify what was observed through the figures. Furthermore, Okeke and Ume (2004) were of the opinion that this premise was deep rooted in the 19th century philosophy, also known as positivism, where it explained that human society is governed by some natural laws and these laws will be more significant if they are understood in order to explain the problems that face the human society.
While the positivists focus on natural laws, the naturalists focus on the individual as a "social actor" (Corbetta, 2003). Ultimately, the area of qualitative research focus on "describing a specific group in detail and to explain the pattern that exist and certainly not to discover general laws of human behavior" (Schofield, 1993: quoted ...
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...a. The teachers are the leaders that the children see, so it is important to bring them first and foremost as part of this research due to their active involvement in children learning outcomes and societal development. The involvement of school leaders is to further expatiate on the issue at hand; in order to find out any missing link between the teachers and the management of the schools generally. The samples will be selected using a non-probability sampling technique known as the purposive sampling technique. This is because participants are more familiar with the issue at hand and they are readily available.
The proposed sample size for this study is about 849 respondents. About 800 respondents will be administered questionnaires, 25 respondents for the in-depth interviews and three focus groups will be conducted consisting of 8 participants in each focus group.
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