This essay is going to critically discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using surveys and questionnaires as a method of Socio-Legal research. When conducting socio-legal research, a number of methods can be used to collect useful information.
Focusing on surveys and questionnaires, there is a small difference. Questionnaires gather the information from different respondents while a survey is the systematic collection of information from different individuals . Qualitative and quantitative research is the two main functions of research. They both hold different views.
Quantitative research may be seen as the less contentious of the two because it is more closely aligned with what is viewed as the classical scientific paradigm. Quantitative research involves gathering data that is absolute, for example numerical data so that it can be examined as unbiased as possible. The main idea behind quantitative research is that it is able to separate things easily so that they can be counted. The researcher generally has a clear idea of what is being measured before they start measuring it, and their study is set up with controls. Qualitative research on the other hand is a more subjective form of research, in which the research allows themselves to introduce their own bias to help form a more complete picture. Qualitative research may be necessary in situations where it is unclear of what is exactly being looked for in a study, while quantitative research generally knows exactly what it is looking for. Questionnaires and surveys are quantitative socio-legal research, because it is the collection of numerical data, or data that can be easily being turned into a numerical form. In terms of analysing quantitative data, Excel is the b...
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...-legal helps to bring about a better understanding of the law and postgraduate scholars would do well to prepare themselves with other research methodologies.
Focusing on surveys and questionnaires, and quantitative research methods, it varies on the person getting questioned as to which method they prefer. Some individuals may prefer to fill in a questionnaire, as it is quick and simple for them, whereas someone else would rather have a face-to-face interview because they may find questionnaires to complicated. Giving people the choice gives the more chance of getting a response overall. It is important that the researchers are aware of the advantages and disadvantages because they will then be aware of what method to use, and will know what method is best to use. It is also an advantage to work with experienced researchers in order to find out the best results.
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Qualitative research aims to gather information from data collection methods and transform it into written words. Such as transcribing recorded interviews, taking field notes from observations, using words to outline images (Denscombe, 1998, p. 174). On the other hand, quantitative research aims to gather information from data collection methods and transform it into numbers. Such as analysing conducted surveys and pulling numbers to transform it into statistics, tables and graphs (Denscombe, 1998, p.174-177).
Research can be quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research is objective and involves measuring the phenomena under investigation. Qualitative research is subjective, explores experiences and feelings, and involves the recording of phenomena that cannot easily be quantified (Toates, 2010, pp. 5-6). Both are empirical since they involve data collection (OU, n.d.).
In ending, these are the definitive differences between the two methods that are most recognized: The quantitative method first involves a theory and hypothesis clearly stated in the beginning, the qualitative methods do not formulate a hypothesis until the end of the study. Secondly, the quantitative method involves manipulation and control. An example of manipulation is the drug the control is the placebo. The drug is the instrument, you are being experimented on, the data you give is analyzed and a theory or hypothesis is reasoned. Then the data is reduced to statistics that are abstract and understandable by statististitians.
The research carried on both quantitative approach and qualitative approach. It began with quantitative approach—questionnaire. Bryman and Bell (2003) asserted that mail or postal questionnaires are most popular forms of questionnaires. Another form—self-completion questionnaire was also common because of the overlap with postal questionnaire to some extent.
Surveys: Are generally given in the form of an interview or questionnaire, providing researchers with information about how people think or act. In an interview, researchers try to obtain data through face-to-face interviews or telephone questioning. A skillful interviewer can go beyond the written questions and probe participants underlying feelings.
Survey is a collection of data and information about various subjects. It is a quick, easily administrable and less expensive mode of sociological research which many researchers undertake in order to collect data from the participants or subjects of the research. It can be used to gather data on an extensive variety of things, including individual certainties, mentalities, past practices and supposition. A survey can be carried out in various forms. Questionnaires and interviews are two of the most important forms of collecting data which help us to carry out the surveys. Questionnaires can be sent out in many ways. Data can be collected through online questionnaires, questionnaires sent in mail, handed out in person and discussed over the phone. Interviews are a more personal form of data collection as compared to questionnaires.The researcher directly works with the respondent and collects data by either asking question face-to-face or over the telephone. But just like a coin has two sides, one cannot ignore the drawbacks of surveys as well. The statistics can be manipulated by the researcher and mended as per his own needs. For e.g.: a researcher conducting a research on national income might survey the upper class of the society only and form an analysis. This is a manipulated research as it ignores some sections of the society as per the discretion of the researcher. Also at times, there are chances that the options of answers given in an questionnaire may not be an exact impression of how the members genuinely
1. Quantitative methods are mostly used through numerical data, which means it is countable and it comes from a data collection. So I personally think,the best topics to be studied would be, students not finishing their studies or the increasing number of minor 's crimes. On the other hand, qualitative methods could be used to formulate new research questions when a quantitative method research seems difficult to generate new hypotheses and ideas. The qualitative methods present facts and figures through observations and interviews. The topics I would be studied for qualitative methods are people 's experience with food and body image and also one of the most important one why people decide to take loans in order to pay their education.
...ure reviews is similar, but the importance it has on both is not. Quantitative research requires in-depth and well-organized reviews in order for researchers to provide further research on the topic. As for qualitative research, it does not require such systematic background to be conducted. After research comes data collection. Data collection comes in many forms, but this essay discussed the process of creating a questionnaire. The way the questionnaire is developed depends of the type of research being studied. Once the data is collected, researchers must analyze the data. The purpose of analyzing data is to obtain usable and useful information. Many techniques are used to analyze data. Three types which have their own types were mentioned above. These provide ways for researchers to analyze the data from research they conducted to find an answer to the question.
Health research is grounded in science. It looks at issues that affect not only how health care is developed, but also its affect on the community and society as a whole. Research is a process that can consume a large quantity of time or numerous participants; the process cannot be rushed or the process altered. Doing so could distort the results resulting in false outcomes or having to terminate the project altogether.
In my opinion, qualitative research method is unsystematic compared to quantitative research method. There are few points found to be supporting the analysis. Firstly, qualitative research method is started from the original goals of the research in response to the changing nature of the context (Cassell & Symon, 1994). For example, the nature of context may be change although the research is departing from the original objectives as it may be different on the response of the respondent. For instance, the respondent answered something that are out of the expectation of the researchers such as answering “tomato” instead of answering “banana” “mango”
In conclusion, it is often difficult to choose between quantitative and qualitative research because it seems that there is an overlapping between qualitative and quantitative when we look thoroughly at researchers' actual beliefs (Muijs, 2004). Clearly, we can say that both quantitative and qualitative research are appropriate in particular situations and inappropriate in certain situations. We should not select a research design just because we are more familiar with one method or the other recommends a particular design.
Qualitative and Quantitative these are the two types of approach to the any research analysis for the any data which can be used in research. The research which only uses the numbers to do the research analysis is called Quantitative Research and the research which uses the words, units of the analysis of the collection data and the visual images is Qualitative Research. Quantitative Research is also known about its tending to link with passivism but on the other side, Qualitative Research focused and worked with the association of interpretive. Moreover, the contrast between involvement and lack of involvement respectively are associated by Qualitative data and Quantitative data analysis method (Denscombe, Approach to analysis: quantitative and qualitative research, 2010).
Obviously some methods and tools used in quantitative research are more effective than others, much depends on the purpose behind the research. Using telephone surveys as a part of research gives the company an opportunity to become more personnel useless they are using automatic dialer system. Some disadvantage of this survey is that it can become time consuming, reach less participants and be more costly. Another type of survey that allows social interaction is the in-person surveys, the advantage of in-person survey, is that the organizations can get more personal with the participants. The interviewer can see the participants’ reaction to questions and their body language, they can also get more than just facts and the interviewer can become more social. In-person surveys also have some disadvantage, such as, more costly, time consuming and take more personnel time to conduct the survey. Even though the Internet is very popular, there are advantages and disadvantages regarding internet ways. The advantage of internet surveys are that they allows the company to reach out to more participants, less costly, easier to conduct and gather data can be stored and completed in a timely manner. Disadvantage of internet surveys include; it is less personnel, only based on facts, restricted to specific questions and availability of willing participants. In short effectiveness is based on purpose. In