Relationship Between Sex and Gender Essay

Relationship Between Sex and Gender Essay

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“Men and women’s roles have changed so much that there is no longer any difference.”

The relationship that exists between gender and sex has been the root cause of global gender

movements and issues that exists in the contemporary world. The representation of masculinity

and femininity is humanly constructed and sets the stage for social expectation. Social institutions

are designed to cater for the desired gender role that is based on the foundations of traditional

social norms. Norms change over time and space and are influenced by the cultural and social

environment and movements. The theory of gender and its relation to sex, power, femininity and

masculinity are detailed first followed by two case studies that prove gender inequality and gender

construction in an organized context.

The concept of gender refers to the assigned roles that are compatible to an individual’s biological

sex. They comprise of full filling the ideologies and attitudes that are demonstrated by a male or

female. It is the “genetic characteristics that make a child biologically a girl also contribute

significantly to making her feminine and boys are given their masculine traits” (O’Sullivan, p4).

In emphasizing the gender theory it has evolved into a social phenomenon “gender is what we

think of as normally masculine or feminine” (O’Sullivan, p4).

The theory of sex,is determined by the biological formation of a human being, the word sex refers

“to the collection of biological features that result in female and male” (O’Sullivan, p2). The cultural

and social interactions often impact the representation of sex by way of allowing this concept to

create gender roles.


... middle of paper ...

...2. Hakim, C (2004), “Key Issues in Women’s Work”, Australia: The Glass House Press

3. Arvanitakis, J, (2009), “Contemporary Society”, Australia: Oxford University Press

4. McGennisken ,J–(2002) “The basic of the bargain” – some key issues for women

5. Cooper, C, (25/03/2009), “Women still do majority of housework: report”, ABC Online:

6. Wearing, B, (1996), “The Pain and Pleasure of Difference”

7. M, Alveson “(2004)Masculinities and Femininities in an Advertising Agency”-

8. Gilmartin, C, Hesse-Biber, S, Lyndenberg R (1999), “Feminist approaches to theory and methodology”, New York: Oxford University Press

9. Adams,C and Laurikietis R – (1977)“The Gender Trap”: A closer look at sex roles

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