“It is when we include caring and love in our work and our life that we discover and affirm that nursing, like teaching, is more than just a job; it is also a life-giving and life receiving career for a lifetime of growth and learning” (Parker, 2001, p. 345).
Since its inception, nursing and its theories have evolved in many ways. Many theories have been developed that focus on various things to distinguish nursing care from medical practice such as Katharine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory, Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Theory, and Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory. One theorist, Jean Watson, has developed the “Theory of Human Caring” which focuses on how nurses care for their patients. Watson’s Theory of Human Caring philosophy is used to guide new models of caring and healing practices in diverse settings (Parker, 2001).
There are many different definitions for the word care. Webster defines care as, “effort made to do something correctly, safely, or without causing damage” (Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary, n.d.). Quinn, Smith, Ritenbaugh, Swanson, and Watson (2003) defines caring as “a nurturing way of relating to a valued other towards whom one feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility (p. A68). As nurses, the word care or caring is not only apart of our vocabulary but it is also the driving force behind how we treat our patients and their families. Providing comfort, being compassionate, tranquil, thoughtful, and selfless are all ways that nurses provide care for their patients. Through these elements, Dr. Jean Watson’s Human Caring Theory has helped reshape the world of nursing and bring the focus and attention back to healing and caring relationships as the e...
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... impact of the healing relationship in clinical nursing. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 9(3), A65-79. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204827408?accountid=12164
Smith, M. C., Turkel, M. C., & Wolfe, Z. R. (2013). Caring in nursing classics. New York: Springer Publishing Company, LLC.
Watson, J. (2008). Nursing. The philosophy and science of caring. New Revised Edition. Boulder, Co: University Press of Colorado.
Watson, J. (2013). Caring science. Watson Caring Science Institute and International Caritas Consortium. Retrieved March 13, 2014 from http://watsoncaringscience.org.
Watson, J., & Foster, R. (2003). The Attending Nurse Caring Model: integrating theory, evidence and advanced caring–healing therapeutics for transforming professional practice. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 12(3), 360-365. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00774.x
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