Migration in Southeast Asia Essay

Migration in Southeast Asia Essay

Length: 1363 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Southeast Asia is certainly a region on the move. Internal and international migration flows are a key feature in this geographical setting. On the one hand, Southeast Asia is home of important work-related migration flows to other countries in the region which are demanding labour but also to international immigration areas, such as North America, the European Union and the Persian Gulf. On the other hand, Southeast Asia also attracts immigration, mostly intraregional. Intraregional migration is usually temporary and irregular, which has meant a major challenge for governments to manage migration in their territories.
In addition to the countries of origin and destination, some Asian countries are discovering a new role as transit migration countries. Without having to implement migration policies, they face significant challenges arising from the presence of people who, in their migratory path, reside in its territory before heading to its final destination in another country. Resurreccion explains (in Devasahayam, 2009,p. 31) that women are playing an increasingly important role in this context. Some of the reasons are the emergence of job opportunities for women in the services sector and tourism industry in the region, as well as their employment in garment and textile industries across national borders (ibid).
However, as Piper (2004, p. 217) points out foreign female workers are still channelled into "low-paying and low skilled service sector jobs that are socio-legally not recognised as work". Some of these legal conditions lead to vulnerability. According to the United Nations, vulnerability can be structural (when it arises from the existence of a power structure to which only some people participate) or cultural (e...

... middle of paper ...

...ocial isolation.
Vulnerability is an increasing threat to female migrants. Nevertheless, this phenomenon also affect men with low-skilled jobs who have clandestinely reached the recipient country facing salary reductions or even non-payments, maltreatment or violation of employment contracts. Resilience, or the ability to adapt to external changes, is difficult to increase in this context. On the positive side, NGOs have tried to protect migrants by creating networks that can strengthen their social resilience.
Asian countries are now facing the challenge of managing migration in an increasingly global and interconnected environment. Migration should be important for the political and social agenda of the Southeast Asian governments in the coming decades. The migration policy linkages with social and economic developmental policies confirm its crucial status.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Unemployment and Migration in the Philippines Essay

- Labor migration has created jobs for millions of Filipinos; however its success shadows its real cause. Unemployment in itself alone has many diminishing factors for growth and development. The cycle of problems of the country continues to grow which include migration, unemployment, poverty, and underemployment. This paper will aim to illustrate the effects of international migration due to unemployment status. The issue of high unemployment is a great factor in the development of the country and is generally affected by several elements such as lack of job opportunities, population growth, the annual increase in the labor force insufficiently met by the labor market, and particularly more a...   [tags: Labor, Migration, Asia]

Strong Essays
1629 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Tracing Human migration paths through Mitochondrial DNA

- How humans spread around the world is still one of the mysteries in the history of mankind. Mitochondrial DNA has been a crucial line of experimental evidence in developing the current understanding of our genetic history. It has shed significant light in determining the population patterns and human migrations around the world. Studies of mitochondrial DNA have provided new insights in the way humans spread around the globe throughout time. Studies have suggested two major routes from East Africa through which humans exited Africa and colonized the globe....   [tags: Population Patterns, Human Migration]

Strong Essays
1868 words (5.3 pages)

Human Migration Essay

- Migrations is on the rise and has been for centuries, where people move to different places in order to live better lives or have more opportunities in life. Human migrations can be influenced by a lot of factors and everyone's just looking for a place that is safe and where they are able to make a living. Today there tons of reasons why people migrate from one pace to another including stuff like famines, war, droughts, poverty, natural disasters and many more that can an influence. Overall in my opinion the 3 most important issues are climate change due to global warming, poverty, and also conflict and violence....   [tags: Human migration, Famine, Africa, Food security]

Strong Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Cultural Characteristics of the Philippines Essay

- Cultural Characteristics Overview The Philippines has a population of about 104 million people. It is located in Southeast Asia in the Western Pacific ocean. It is composed of 7,107 islands with 3 main geographical divisions- Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The different divisions of the Philippines have differences in tradition. The Philippines has a tropical climate and a mountainous terrain; earthquakes and typhoons happen frequently. Both dry and rainy reasons occur, which makes year round agriculture possible, but this can be affected by seasonal monsoons....   [tags: southeast asia, filipino]

Strong Essays
1419 words (4.1 pages)

Deforestation Rate in Southeast Asia Essay

- Estimation of population density or abundance of arboreal primates such as Hylobates agilis is generally difficult due to their highly mobile nature and accessibility to sampling area can be very difficult. Conventional methods such as distance sampling or mark- recapture method requires big amount of effort, funding and man power. Alternatively, presence-absence method can be used which is relatively easy, less costly and requires lesser personnel The presence-absence method used in this study is one of the approach developed for estimating occupancy of single species within single season(MacKenzie, Nichols, Gideon, Droege, Royle and Langtimm, 2002)....   [tags: Deforestation Essays]

Strong Essays
1674 words (4.8 pages)

Smuggling in the Asia-Pacific Region Essay example

- At the present, the phenomenon of people smuggling is a vital issue in the globalization. The impact of smuggling in people is not restricted in one country but it causes a variety of impacts. Most developed countries often suffering from the issue of people smuggling For example, in 2001, around 43,000 illegal migrants from both Pakistanis and Afghans resided in the UK, US economy has suffered from the rising number of illegal migrants from Mexican approximately 11 million during 2006. Moreover, people smuggling not only provide a matter of illegal migrant but also it leads to the link between smuggling and serious crime as dual crimes such as in 2000, international organized crime group w...   [tags: Globalization, Crime, Current Events]

Strong Essays
2853 words (8.2 pages)

Cambodian American Essays

- Introduction- Beauty and Darkness Cambodian is one of the newest influxes of immigrants from Southeast Asia. The beauty and the darkness of Cambodia imprinted in history. Cambodia, a country of fertile land and dotted rice fields, of famous and breath taking monuments and ancient temples, of arts and crafts, cultural attractions, and most definitely a history like no other. This is the country that exhibits one of the seven wonders of the world- that is the famous Angkor Wat. Angkor Wat, the largest religious monument that had ever built, significantly in Cambodia....   [tags: Immigration, Southeast Asia]

Strong Essays
2405 words (6.9 pages)

Essay Migration from the Nation-State of Singapore

- Singapore as a nation-state enmeshed in the globalizing circuits of capital, information, ideas and human flows (Ho, 2006) represent a unique case in the study of migration, where migration can significantly affect the nation’s total population and its make-up more than natural increase. Recent concerns over Singapore’s falling birth rates and the need to inject the economy with foreign labor has sparked discussions over issues of citizenship and national identity. This has also raised an old issue of why Singaporeans are leaving Singapore for ‘greener pastures’ overseas (Straits Times, 21 August 2002)....   [tags: Emigration, Immigration]

Strong Essays
571 words (1.6 pages)

The Major Religions Of Southeast Asia Essay

- 1. Key Concepts a) Four major religions prevalent in Southeast Asia: 1) Islam in Indonesia and Malaysia, the southern portion of Thailand, northwestern tip of Burma, and in Central Vietnam (among the Cham areas). 2) Buddhism is prominent in Burma, Thailand, and Cambodia. In Vietnam it was introduced by the Chinese and remains in the cultural periphery. 3) Christianity exists in areas of Indonesia, Vietnam (Catholicism), and eastern Burma. 4) Hinduism is found in Bali, interior Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan....   [tags: Buddhism, Islam, Soul, Southeast Asia]

Strong Essays
1269 words (3.6 pages)

Human Trafficking and the International Sex Industry Essay

- Human Trafficking and the International Sex Industry Human trafficking refers to the movement of persons across borders for forced labor, sexual exploitation or other illicit activities. Sex trafficking is the most lucrative sector of human trafficking America, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia. The global political economy, political corruption, human rights, gender and ethnic stratification, and migration are all related to human trafficking. In many developing countries globalization has brought masses of wealth to the elite at the expense of the poor....   [tags: Asia Prostitution Sex Tourism]

Strong Essays
3308 words (9.5 pages)