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innovation), knowledge transfer (e.g. mentoring), and leadership (e.g. management). Consequently, the policies of companies that employ women can have a positive or negative effect on their households, career advancement and earning potential, as well as the lives of those that depend on them. Mary Van der Boon (2003) in her article titled, “Women in international management: An international perspective on women’s ways of leadership”, descri... ... middle of paper ... ...sidered as a matter of respect.
1999. 27 World Development: p571. Also see, Mehra, Rekha and Sarah Gammage. Trends, Countertrends, and Gaps in Women’s Employment Trends, Countertrends, and Gaps in Women’s Employment. 1999.
Women’s rising employment and the future of the family in industrial societies. Population and Development Review, 20 (2), 293-337. Unger, R. & Crawford, M. (1992). Women & Gender: A Feminist Psychology. Philadelphia:Temple University Press.
British Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 51(1), 19-36. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02010.x Alesina, A., & Giuliano, P. (2011). FAMILY TIES AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION. Journal Of The European Economic Association, 9(5), 817-839. doi:10.1111/j.1542-4774.2011.01024.x Fox, R. L., & Lawless, J. L. (2014). Reconciling Family Roles with Political Ambition: The New Normal for Women in Twenty-First Century U.S. Politics.
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2, Iss. 2; pg. 31, 4 pgs Albert Bandura’s Social learning theory; Adult development and Life assessment Witt & Mossler 2010 2.7, Works Cited Women Entrepreneurs: Reshaping the Workplace Karin Abarbanel . Interbeing. Burbank: Fall 2008.
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Schein begins by elucidating that in our quest to know what makes effective leaders, we have begun to look beyond the theories of traits and behaviour, beyond the contingency theories and have turned our attention to the question of how gender affects leadership. She explains that one view suggests women would lead differently being “oriented toward cooperation, teamwork and concern for others.” (Schein, p. 162) From this point of view, possessing feminine characteristics would be beneficial and thereby increase opportunities for women to access managerial positions. However, she points out, the focus on gender based characteristics is actually counterproductive to promoting equality for women in the workplace as it “perpetuates sex... ... middle of paper ... ...arate gender out as the determining factor influencing leader behaviour from the many other mitigating circumstances and factors in this puzzle. A female leader may lead in one particular way in one context and adapt to another way in different circumstances. I think female leaders have the capacity to lead differently than male leaders.