Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy ( Lvnc ) Is A Disease Of The Circulatory System

Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy ( Lvnc ) Is A Disease Of The Circulatory System

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Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a disease of the circulatory system. This disease has many names that it goes by like isolated non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium or spongiform cardiomyopathy. LVNC still is not fully understood by medical specialists, but are still researching about it. In LVNC the lower chamber of the heart, which is the left ventricle, contains bundles or pieces of muscle that extend into the chamber called trabeculations. During development stages, the heart muscle is a sponge-like network of muscle fibers. When development progresses, the trabeculations become compacted turning the heart muscle from sponge like to smooth and solid. But in this case, that doesn’t happen. LVNC is such a rare condition that it affects less than 0.3 percent of the population. According to the CDC, LVNC is estimated to affect about 1.2 per million children between the ages of 0-10.
LVNC is considered to be a genetic condition that is inherited or occurs spontaneously for unknown reasons. LVNC happens because of problems during the development of the heart in the embryo. In the early stages of fetal life, the inside of the heart has pieces of muscles or trabeculations that extend into heart chamber. During the normal development process of the heart the sponge-like network of muscle fibers becomes compacted, going from sponge-like to smooth and solid. LVNC happens when the compaction process doesn’t happen and the inside of the heart remains trabeculated and spongy. Since LVNC is considered a genetic condition, it is typically inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern in which a parent with a disease-causing mutation has a 50 percent chance of passing the mutation to every child. LVNC can also...


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...ngth will also be performed because problems with skeletal muscle may occur with cardiac muscle disease.
Treatment for people with LVCN is primarily focused on treating the associated types of heart muscle disease; for example thick heart muscle or poorly squeezing heart muscle. The mostly focused on goal is to improve cardiac function and to prevent the symptoms. Medications are used to treat symptoms, reverse heart damage, and to prevent ongoing damage to the heart muscle. If somebody has decreased heart function as a symptom, a blood thinner will be recommended to stop blood clots from forming. People with LVCN need to visit a cardiologist on a regular basis. Lifestyle changes are also very important for individuals like exercise, but it’s advised to talk to your doctor before deciding on something like this because it could end up putting you at more of a risk.

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