Kuwait with a total area of 17,820 square kilometers (km2) lies by Persian Gulf. in the north and north-west It is bordered by Iraq, by Saudi Arabia in the south and southwest by and by the Persian Gulf in the east. The land is usually flat with slightly undulating desert plains sloping gently towards the north-east; Kuwait is reaching an altitude of about 300 meters (m) above sea level. Most of the zone in Kuwait is desert with a few oases (Water profile of Kuwait, 2007). The picture below showed the location of AL Kuwait.
Figure 1: Map of Al Kuwait. (Source: FAO-Forestry)
2. Climate and Water Resources :
Kuwait characterized by a desert climate which is dry, long and hot summer. The temperature in this region is reaching more than 45°C with frequent sandstorms in summer. However in winter, the temperatures are decreasing to reach 4°C. The rainy season is started from October to May. The annual rainfall is less than 100 (mm) in Area with100 km2, but in remaining part it differs between 100 and 300 mm. The average of long term annual rainfall for Kuwait was about 176 mm. The rainfall recently decreased to 106 and 134 mm/year (Water profile of Kuwait, 2007).
2.2 Water Resources :
Based on historical development People in Kuwait used to drink water from different sources each one was different based on period of time they live in. For example the way of drinking was different in period before oil discovery and period after oil discovery. A book was published by Kuwaiti studies and researches central showed that there were two important historical periods in Kuwait control the way of drinking and lighting (2005). This shows that the development that happened in Kuwait changed the wa...
... middle of paper ...
...s resulted mainly from problems in destinations machines or pipe line that would effects water quality and quantities. For example: lack of timely response to match water demand increase with installed desalination capacity. One reason for failure to match the consumed water increase by a comparable desalination capability increase is the lack of steam turbines to combine with units.
Supplying water in not good quality is also another types of problem can be related to poor supply system. Having good quality pipe line insure that water reach to customer are meeting the stander (see the appendix). Water arrived to customer should be free from microorganisms and other toxic material that generated due inefficient pipe line. Pipeline that takes and distributes the water should build from good and suitable material and not easily eroded.
11. Future expansion plans:
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ship ballast water management is recognized one of the huge problem of international maritime society. To take and charge some harmful micro aquatic organisms and pathogens with in ballast water, these are delivered to some sea area in the world by ships and discharged. This was serious phenomenon on marine environment not only maritime society but also human society. International Maritime Organization (IMO) was adopted the new convention, International convention for the Control and Management of ship ballast water and sediment in 2004.... [tags: water management,]
2492 words (7.1 pages)
- ... If a major hurricane were to flood South Florida, the SFWMD, with it’s current budget, does not have the funds to remove water from the streets. The budget cuts not only have environmental consequences, but public health and economic consequences as well. These budget cuts can have additional disastrous effects for a system that is already poorly designed. Currently, excess water from Lake Okoeechobee is being dumped into the St. Lucie Canal and the Callsahatchee River, which poses environmental problems.... [tags: distribution, filtration, water, resource]
1272 words (3.6 pages)
- Over 344 million people in India do not have access to potable water (SOPAR, 2013). This is because either the wells have dried up or rather become contaminated. Individuals, typically mothers and girls, have to spend hours each day walking to get clean water. This comes at an opportunity cost of time, either time in school or time that could have been better spent earning an income. If a lack of potable water is not tough enough, India also has a problem with unclean water. This can be due to over pollution or overly high levels of fluoride being found in the water, both causing a multitude of health complications.... [tags: Water purification, Drinking water, Water]
1219 words (3.5 pages)
- A Case Study on Water Demand Management Introduction Over the years, an enormous growth in population, agriculture and industries are creating an immense pressure on water resources. The traditional methods of urban water systems are now altered to sustainable urban water management (SUWM). This case study drives the difference between conventional and water sensitive urban development. Water Sensitive City Urban water systems are currently facing the challenges such as climate change, which includes water scarcities, high intensity rainfall and high radiation waves, which gives rise to storm water runoff.... [tags: Water, Water pollution, Hydrology]
717 words (2 pages)
- ... And what does the performance of a group of people are in a position to perform other persons will be admitted in the future, if this provision in advance came on a discriminatory basis has nothing to do with the quality of work but also by the kind of humanitarian. Analysis of case Clearly the illegality of this Declaration is not justification for the distinction between equally qualified persons per legal centers, with fulfillment of all legal requirements required in the job. In this Declaration the Administration use its deviation to the difference in treatment between the prevalence of legal positions and creating differentiation through the Palace to receive requests from the le... [tags: constitution, rights, kuwait women]
910 words (2.6 pages)
-  Pressure growth among different uses of water due to increases of water demand, bodies water contamination and changes in the water flow patterns, encourage a constant review of the water resources management methods for an effective coordination and resolution of water use conflict, optimal water release and internalization of economic and environmental externalities.  The most typical water use conflict is between hydropower and irrigation, these are the main water users and economic activities in the watersheds worldwide.... [tags: Irrigation, Water, Hydroelectricity, Hydrology]
902 words (2.6 pages)
- Foreign Object Damage Prevention and Management in the Deployed Environment As a result of the United States involvement in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) many Air Force aircraft have been forced to operate in austere and rugged airfields. Force multiplying, rapid global mobility, and overall airpower are directly related to the military's ability to operate in the deployed environment. Although this mission is performed everyday and may not seem like a big deal, what is the impact to Air Force assets that continue to perform these operations on a daily basis.... [tags: Papers]
2097 words (6 pages)
- Trading with Kuwait Kuwait is one of the world's richest countries. Kuwait is a small nation located in the Middle East at the northwestern tip of the Persian Gulf. The nation of Kuwait dates back to the 17th century. Kuwait is considered a small country that has a considerable amount of petroleum. In the past, Kuwait was engaged in several wars over territory but the country was able to overcome the downfalls. Kuwait is a small country with an area of land measuring 6,880 sq miles. The terrain of Kuwait is considered a flat desert plain with several small hills.... [tags: Kuwait Culture]
807 words (2.3 pages)
- Amir Ahmed 200333352 WATER QUALITY IN CANADA In last couple of decades water quality is become very major problem in Canada. This paper based on the study of water quality in Canada from three journal articles. The first one is about urbanization in which high concentration of heavy metals and installation of drainage system including portable water supply and waste water supply; agriculture pollutants transferred to surface water by over flow and couple of elements pay important role in agriculture field as nutrients.... [tags: Water, Water pollution, Water management]
717 words (2 pages)
- According to previous literatures, the act of participation by the public had proven to bring success in producing sustainable water resource management (Jansson, 2005). However the remaining questions were who should participate, when, why and to what extent is public in the context of ‘public participation’. Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development highlighted that public participation is crucial when dealing with environmental related issues (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 1992; cited in Kakebeeke, Wouters & Bouman, 2000).... [tags: resource management, water industry]
1633 words (4.7 pages)