Environmental Policies and Yemen's Water Crisis

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An environmental policy refers to the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues and sustainability. These environmental issues can pertain to anything from air and water pollution to deforestation and solid waste management. Today, we live in a world full of developing countries that face environmental issues and degradation every day. Yemen, known to be one of the least developed countries, is facing various environmental issues, as well as social and political challenges while on its way to development and becoming a much more stable country.
Aside from facing a poor education system, and a lack of access to health, Yemen faces a much more detrimental cause. BBC states, “Yemen is facing a severe water crisis with some estimates suggesting the capital, Sana’a, could run dry in 10 years” (2013). Water scarcity is a lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within its region, along with a lack of safe and clean drinking water. It is one of the world’s prominent issues affecting about more than 1.1 million people globally.
Yemen’s History and the Environmental Issue
Yemen, officially known now as “The Republic of Yemen,” is an Arab country located in the Middle East, taking up the southwestern to southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the red sea, as well as located south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman. Yemen is the second largest country in the Arabian Peninsula, with a population of nearly 20 million people, and an annual population growth rate of around 3 percent. In 1918, northern Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire. Their climate is mostly des...

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