Jean William Fritz Piaget was born on August 9, 1896 in Neuchâtel, in the Fracophone region of Switzerland. He was the oldest son of father Arthur Piaget, a professor of medieval literature at the University of Neuchatel, and mother Rebecca Jackson (piaget.org). Jean Piaget was a very bright and advanced young child who showed an intense interest in small animals and a vast knowledge in the fields of Biology and Taxonomy. When Piaget was simply ten years old, he began volunteering at the Neuchatel Museum of Natural History under the watchful eye of the seventy year-old museum director, naturalist Paul Godet. Godet took Piaget under his wing and made him his assistant and apprentice, and paid Piaget by giving him rare specimens for personal collection (Vidal, 1994). Piaget would continue to volunteer at the museum for four more years. During which time, his interest in the natural sciences grew immensely. He had many accomplishments in this field, starting with his published paper on the albino sparrow at the age of ten, and crowning with a doctoral thesis on the classification of mollusks.
After receiving his Ph.D in the Natural Sciences, Piaget spent several months studying psychoanalysis at the University of Zurich. He was a very promising student, and his associates believed he would eventually make important contributions to this field (Vidal, 1994). However, an adventitious opportunity arrived, and Piaget quickly found himself under the employment for Theodore Simon, co-author of the Binet-Simon intelligence scale. Simon assigned Piaget in Binet’s laboratory, and put him to work standardizing Cyril Burt’s reasoning test on Parisian children. Vidal, 1994)
Piaget believed that his standardizing task was boring, and he never f...
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Equilibration is described as the "master developmental process" (Driscoll, 1994). It encompasses both assimilation and accommodation. It is most evident at the end of a developmental stage. At this point, the child begins to find shortcomings in their way of thinking. This results in disequilibrium, which is overcome by moving to the next stage. In other words, the child moves from disequilibrium at one stage to equilibrium at a higher stage.
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Theory
Based on both the strengths and weaknesses of Piaget’s theory, many alternate theories have emerged (i.e Case, Klahr and Wallace, Siegler, Carey). I have three fundamental strength of Piaget’s theory previously outlined in the paper. To begin, the order and structure copied from theory’s brands of knowledge, stages of knowledge development, and processes of knowledge development.
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- ... Willpower is the characteristic that best goes with stage two (Gordon & Browne, 2014). Stage three is initiative versus guilt which occurs between ages 3 to 5 or 6 years (Gordon & Browne, 2014). During this stage the child develops a sense of purpose and adult interaction is necessary for a positive outcome during this stage of life (Gordon & Browne, 2014). Purpose is best used to describe this stage in Erikson’s theory of development (Gordon & Browne, 2014). The fourth stage is industry versus inferiority and that occurs between ages 6 to 12 years (Gordon & Browne, 2014).... [tags: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget]
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