Piaget's Four Stages of Cognitive Development

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Describe Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development. Based on this understanding describe how you would tailor a coaching session to suit the needs of a child who is 6 years old. “The influence of Piaget’s ideas in developmental psychology has been enormous. He changed how people viewed the child’s world and their methods of studying children. He was an inspiration to many who came after and took up his ideas. Piaget's ideas have generated a huge amount of research which has increased our understanding of cognitive development.” (McLeod 2009). Piaget purposed that we move through stages of cognitive development. He noticed that children showed different characteristics throughout their childhood development. The four stages of development are The Sensorimotor stage, The Preoperational Stage, The Concrete operational stage and The Formal operational stage. The Sensorimotor stage – this stage occurs when the child is born till when he/she is two years old. Piaget described this stage to be where the infant is making sense of the world and during this stage the infant's knowledge is limited. This is where the main senses come into play, such as touch, taste, smell etc. At this stage sport to an infant is a sensory experience, with the use of a ball for example for exploration. Object permanence was highlighted by Piaget as one of the most important accomplishments of the sensorimotor stage. Object permanence is an infant's understanding that objects exists even if the object can not be heard or seen. For example with the game Hide and Seek, a younger infant will simply believe that the person hiding has completely vanished and will be shocked once that person is visible again whereas an older infant who understands object per... ... middle of paper ... ... evaluate athlete talent” (Potrac, Gilbert and Denison, 2013). It is inevitable that there will be expectancy effects that any coach will go through but by improving certain aspects the team or an individual athlete can reach higher standards that expected. Reference List Mcleod, s. (2009). Jean Piaget. [online] Available at: http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html Potrac, P., Gilbert, W. and Denison, J. (2013). Routledge handbook of sports coaching. 1st ed. New York: Routledge. Manley, A. (2009). Expectancies and Their Consequences within the Coach-Athlete Relationship: An Athlete-Centred Investigatio. [online] Available at: http://eprints.chi.ac.uk/816/1/507136.pdf. Buscombe, R. (2010). Expectancy Effects in Tennis Coaching. [online] Available at: https://moodle.uel.ac.uk/pluginfile.php/273966/mod_resource/content/1/Expectancy%20Effects%20in%20Tennis%
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