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Piaget's Theory Of Child Development

explanatory Essay
1244 words
1244 words
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In the model I developed for child development there are three main groups: physical, mental, and social. Within these three groups are subcategories, many including ideas from various theorists, that I will use to support my system of child development. Throughout this paper, I will use ideas, definitions, and examples from the theorists I have chosen and from my own experience. The physical category of my model includes three subgroups. The first of these includes the period of prenatal development, birth, and the continuous development afterward. The second subgroup discusses the genetic and environmental factors of child physical development. The last subgroup mentions the role of nature and nurture in physical development. Conception …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that they will use ideas, definitions, and examples from various theorists to support their system of child development.
  • Explains that the physical category of my model includes three subgroups: the period of prenatal development, birth, and the continuous development afterward.
  • Explains that conception to birth is an important time for a child not just physically and biologically but also cognitively.
  • Explains that the cognitive aspect utilizes piaget's theory of development, which includes four stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, and formal operational stages. the focus was on nature and nurture to encourage cognitive development.
  • Explains that the sensorimotor stage includes birth to 2 years of age and has three main milestones: object permanence, the a-not-b error, and deferred imitation.
  • Explains that the a-not-b error is learned after object permanence between the age of 8 and 12 months. the last cognitive development is deferred imitation, which occurs toward the end of this stage where a child can mimic behavior that he or she has seen.
  • Explains the preoperational stage, which spans from age 2 until 7 years old. the milestones of this stage are symbolic representation, egocentrism, centration, and conservation concept.
  • Explains that egocentrism is not a milestone of the preoperational stage because it is seen as setback to be overcome.
  • Explains the concrete operational stage, where the child develops a concrete understanding of the world around him or her.
  • Describes the formal operational stage in piaget's theory as the ability to think abstractly and to reason hypothetically.
  • Explains that the moral subcategory of their model is based on kohlberg’s moral dilemmas. the preconventional level is the first part of moral development.

The cognitive aspect utilizes Piaget’s theory of development. Piaget’s theory includes four stages: The Sensorimotor Stage, The Preoperational Stage, The Concrete Operational Stage, and The Formal Operational Stage (Siegler et al.,135). For children, ages 0 to 6, the stages focused on are the sensorimotor and preoperational stages. Piaget’s focus was on nature and nurture to encourage cognitive development. Nurturing is the everyday interactions that a child experiences not only with parents but with other children and community members. Nature is a child’s biological development and their ability to learn and make perceptions of the world around …show more content…

This cognitive milestone occurs when a child knows to look for something where they have seen it but will continue to look there even if they saw it go somewhere else. According to the text How Children Develop by Siegler, DeLoachhe, Eisenberg, and Saffran, “Not until around their first birthday do infants consistently search first at the objects current location” (Siegler et al., 137). The last cognitive development is deferred imitation. This action occurs toward the end of this stage where a child has the capability to mimic behavior that he or she has seen. This milestone is effectively reached when the child can regurgitate seen behavior after time has passed. The second is the Preoperational Stage which spans from age 2 until 7 years old. The milestones of this stage are symbolic representation, egocentrism, centration, and conservation concept. The symbolic representation milestone is reached when a child can comprehend an object in a symbolic nature to stand for something else. An example for this is when a child may use an object such as a bowl as a pirate boat. Later in this development a child may recognize universal symbols such the flag as a symbol of

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