Philosophy is an academic discipline that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality, existence and answer the mysteries of knowledge, life and human nature, it is as old as existence itself, however, the Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE. Greek Philosophy was born with the logical thinking of one of the founders of Western Philosophy and the father of the dialectic method, Socrates, and then it was worked upon by his pupil Plato and in turn, by his disciple Aristotle. Socrates was the first to suggest that when one realizes that he does not know anything, he starts gaining knowledge; therefore he created a method in which his students are promoted to think independently by the use of questions.
Socrates believed that it is the teacher's task to encourage the learners bring out the ideas on their own, which will eventually lead into logical and critical thinking, according to him, “A man is a midwife who does not conceive an idea but prompt it in the minds of the learne...
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Finley, M.I. (1970), Aristotle and Economic Analysis, Past and Present, Vol. 47, May 1970, pp. 3-25.
Huffman, Carl, "Alcmaeon", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2008 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
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Lavezzi, Romario. "Socrates & Today." Ancient Greece. Web. 25 Mar. 2012.
Plato, The Last Days of Socrates, ed. by Hugh Tredennick (Penguin, 1995)
Miller, Fred, "Aristotle's Political Theory", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
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