Plato believed that everything we see true and around us is tangible since nothing exists in the world of the senses is lasting. Plato’s point is that we can never have true knowledge of anything that belong to the world of senses and tangible. We can have true knowledge of only those things that could be understood with our reason and investigation. Plato’s obsession with eternal forms or true ‘ideas’ let to complete ignorance of changes in nature. He turned his back to the sensory world and shut his eyes to everything we see around.
Therefore, when a craftsman creates a bed or table, it 's only a representation of their ideal, and doesn 't represent the truth of what they are, or their Form. A broader understanding of Plato 's Forms can be realized in “The Allegory of the Cave”. Plato describes the unenlightened as prisoners watching representations of objects on a wall. They cannot see that these images are merely shadows of objects, which are themselves representations of truth, which exists on a higher plane of knowledge. Nothing that we see or experience in the world is in its real or true form.
When the soul resided in the invisible realm, it experienced these perfect forms and retained that knowledge. However, when the soul is born into the natural world, it forgets that knowledge. In this world, the soul has no experience of perfection, and, therefore, cannot remember the forms. Yet, when the soul is confronted with something resembling the forms, it recollects what it once knew. We call this learning, but Plato believed it is actually recollection.
In fact, there is no explanation someone could give of God or truth because these are both infinite terms, and when infinite terms are expressed in the finite, they become nothingness (Pascal, p.86). Truth - when it i... ... middle of paper ... ...e in finite terms because those finite terms transform God and the truth into nothingness. This is why filling the infinite abyss is so impossible with finite means. Only the infinite can fill the infinite abyss. Furthermore, we know there is an abyss to be filled, because even the greatest doubts of the sceptics cannot deny that we exist since questioning whether we think is self-affirmative.
Hume On Empiricism The ultimate question that Hume seems to be seeking an answer to is that of why is that we believe what we believe. For most of us the answer is grounded in our own personal experiences and can in no way be justified by a common or worldly assumption. Our pasts, according to Hume, are reliant on some truths which we have justified according to reason, but in being a skeptic reason is hardly a solution for anything concerning our past, present or future. Our reasoning according to causality is slightly inhibited in that Hume suggests that it is not that we are not able to know anything about future events based on past experiences, but rather that we are just not rationally justified in believing those things that we do. We can most certainly make inferences based on causal reasoning, but these inferences have no proofs.
It ca... ... middle of paper ... ...tion we receive from life. In this case of the allegory, Plato is working on a whole plane of uncertainty as he is neither able to determine the existence of a different reality nor disprove the credibility of our lives. The world as we know it is indeed imperfect but imperfection should not qualify it as being false. Should we stop all things and embark on the intellectual ascent to the truth? Philosophically, yes.
Behind them is... ... middle of paper ... ...ue that we must dismiss the objects of our senses as completely false because they act as a basis on the long journey towards knowledge. This therefore means Forms would not be completely separate from the particulars. On the whole I believe that Plato’s theory is a speculation not to dismiss and there are points, which are very valid and questions our reality and existence. But there criticisms which affect the way we see things; ‘what is goodness’, this is a changing answer and I believe cannot be answered. Plato does not really present the Forms as a theory; what is the nature of forms?
Contrary to the belief of eliminative materialism, reductive materialism illustrates that sensations such as feelings do exist, and that brain events are the cause of those thoughts, pains, and feelings (Morris p159). Another form of monism is called idealism. Idealism is a form of monism that proposes the idea that everything is based on the mind or mentality of a person and nothing exists outside of our mind. “The theory is that all that exists is the product of minds or ideas, that physical objects have no existence outside of the mind t... ... middle of paper ... ...d physical events can cause physical events but the mind and body never interact with each other. This theory fails just as the Epiphenomenalism theory does because parallelism does not answer the question about when a person’s deep feelings do lead them “mental decisions and intentions” (Morris p161).
Plato says it is impossible to reach the Forms in our current reality and that it is only possible to achieve perfect knowledge and truth after our soul leaves our body and goes to the next realm where we can become or attain the Forms. Now I believe like Plato, that we can’t attain perfection while here on Earth, but I do believe that we must strive to reach perfectio...
In the field of epistemology no body surpasses philosopher Immanuel Kant, even in modern philosophy nobody has come close to further explaining his views. His viewpoint affects most every other kind of philosophy. The empiricists tried to begin understanding epistemology through knowing and understanding the external world, Kant believed that it was the human that creates or imposes itself on the external world when pertaining to certain things and knowledge. Where Descartes understood the relationship between the mind and the world and how we process information. Kant thought this interaction was impossible, he went on to expose the logical error Descartes was never able to fully appreciate, in particular that no matter where or what is happening to a person at any given time that same person cannot say that what is happening is really existing .