Madison explains the importance that factions have for the government and at the beginning he defines what a faction is. “By faction I understand a number of citizens.. Who are united... by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens”. (Madison, HCR, 232). Factions are groups of people that share something in common, but what they believe could cause damage to other citizens or even to the country. The government proposed will have to know how to control them.
There are a lot of different causes that originate a faction. It could be the opinion of some people about religion or their opinion about the government, but there is one cause that is the most relevant. “ The most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property” (Madison, HCR,233). Property is a very important reason of why factions and their problems are originated. Every person has different abilities and ones are more intelligent and able than others and these leads them to have more property. The unequal distribution of property leads to many problems that the government will have to deal with.
Factions can create big problems in the country which is why the government should know how to control them. Madison gives two solutions for the faction prob...
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...o not care if they hurt the others. The problem with this is that the government can be corrupted if it becomes independent of society and can be supporting a faction that goes against the common good. A good government should always depend on the society and fight in favor of them.
James Madison mentions on his federalists papers how the government is going to deal with factions. He explains that eliminating the causes of factions will be a bad option because liberty will be compromised. The government should deal with the effects of factions and prevent them from creating. The Constitution divides society in a lot of different groups and that prevents factions from creating. The best form of government for dealing with factions is a republic where citizens can elect the people that are going to govern, but they do not participate directly on the creation of laws.
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