...f society. The second point of view held that Jews were inherently bad and can never be salvaged despite any and all efforts made by Christians to assimilate them. These Christians felt that there was absolutely no possibility of Jews having and holding productive positions in society. All the aforementioned occurrences lead to the transformation of traditional Jewish communities, and paved the way for Jewish existence, as it is known today. It is apparent, even through the examination of recent history that there are reoccurring themes in Jewish history. The most profound and obvious theme is the question of whether Jews can be productive members of their country and at the same time remain loyal to their religion. This question was an issue that once again emerged in Nazi Germany, undoubtedly, and unfortunately, it is not the last time that question will be asked.
American Jews, who had the unenviable predicament of being both White and a persecuted minority, disproportionately involved themselves with the struggle against s...
Recognition of Israel
World War II left Europe in ruins and devastated those who lived there, but nobody was more affected than the Jews. When the war ended, the U.S. and other countries revealed to the world the amount of torture and mistreatment the Jews suffered under Nazi control. Many wanted to help these suffering outcasts, so Jewish Zionists suggested the Jews be relocated to Palestine, where they could live in peace away from others(Devine, 1). Britain and President Truman felt sympathetic for the Jews, and decided to help them establish a new Jewish homeland in the Middle East. During the formation of Israel, the U.S. played a big role by establishing a committee, supporting U.N. and Jewish intentions, and recognizing Israel as a country.
In Hanna Arendt’s “Jews and Society”, she argues that the existence of anti-Semitism in Germany, prior to the rise of Hitler and after the defeat in World War I, was not solely the result of political pressure exerted by the Nazi party and its accomplices; but instead the result of a social construction of what it meant to be Jewish. This social anti-Semitism was present long before Hitler came into power and instituted his radical and merciless ideas about dealing with Jews in Europe. The difference between what Arendt saw as harmless social discrimination and the mass extermination of a cultural group was the involvement of politics in mediating these cultural biases. As a result of the division in Germany between Jews and non-Jew Germans, Arendt’s figures of the “Pariah and “Parvenu” were a reaction to the way of thinking that confused Jewish individualism with preconceived connotations. Although stereotypes are still present in every society, to Arendt they are harmless without political interference. Terror and unforeseen events occur when political discrimination, or political anti-Semitism in this case, interfere to achieve a defined goal. Nazi Germany is a prime example where “natural” combined with “political” anti-Semitism escalated the problem to the point where the Holocaust became possible.
The Jewish State was a book written by Herzl in 1895, which gave reasons for the Jewish population to move from Europe to either Argentina or Israel and make a new Jewish state of their own. Herzl thought the Jewish people had obtained a solid national identity but lacked a nation with a political system of their own. With their own Jewish State, the Jews could be free to practice their religion and culture without the fear of anti-Semitism. In The Jewish State he wrote. Herzl suggested a plan for political action in which they would acquire the Jewish State. He believed Jews trying to assimilate into European society were wasting their time, because the majority would always decide their role in society. As the anti-Semitism in Europe grew, it became clear that the only way to solve the Jewish problem would be to create their own Jewish sta...
“Death Marches”. Jewish virtual library everything you need to know about anti Semitism to Zionism. 2014 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise .Web. 7 February 2014.
Late into the 19th century, Zionism (a biblical name for Jerusalem) started to rise when Theodor Herzl published an article that concluded Jewish assimilation and emancipation could not work in Europe. It was this that started plans for the creation of a Jewish statehood. During this time, the population of Jews were spread out across different countries, and in each of these countries, they had represented a minority. Throughout this period, they had longed for a state in which they called Eretz Israel, the land of Israel. Herzl’s proposed solution was for the revival of a Jewish homeland where they could set up a state belonging to themselves. Following his publishings, the First Zionist Congress was held in Switzerland. The program state that “The aim of Zionism is to create for the Jewish people a homeland in Palestine secure by public law”. Much of the Jewish community at this point held mixed views about this movement but it was this time period of the late 19th ce...
In The Jewish State by Theodor Herzl, Herzl talks about the need for a Jewish State. The need for a Jewish State can be traced back to ancient times. Here Herzl says, “The idea which I have developed in this pamphlet is an ancient one” (Herzl, pg.242). There are issues even today that can be traced back to ancient times. A current example is the control of the holy land. Both Jewish people and Arab people have a historic connection to the holy land and want to control all of the holy land. According to Herzl by establishing a Jewish State, it will justify the harsh treatments the Jewish people had to endure. Here Herzl says, “No nation on earth has endured such struggles and sufferings as we have” (Herzl, pg.244). An example would be when
Varga, László. "Weiss, Manfréd." YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe 4 November 2010. 27 January 2014 .
On November 29, 1947, the United Nations voted for a partition resolution that led to the establishment of the nation of Israel in May, 1948. This was great news for Jews in Palestine and the diaspora as it meant the fulfillment of the quest for the rebirth of their nation in their previous homeland after many years of wandering (Pappe, 2006, p. 12). However, their Palestinian Arab counterparts opposed to the establishment from the start felt cheated by the international community and remained categorical that the final answer to the Jewish problem would only be solved in blood and fire (Karsh, 2002, p. 8).