They comprise of hymns and prayers. Of these four oldest and sacred texts of India, The Rig Veda is the main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization. The Rig Veda was written by the Aryans who entered the Indus Valey toward the end of the Harappan Civilization (which date backs to roughly 1500 BCE). The Vedic era hints that “the ideas of a culture are reflected in its deities, and the characters of the gods in the Vedas give an insight into the values and practives of early Hinduism.” (The Worlds of Religion, chapter 9) Although the concept of a Single Supreme Being is hinted at in the Vedic period, the concept of Brahma as the ultim... ... middle of paper ... ... whose mind is always free from attachment, who has subdued the mind and senses, and who is free from desires, attains the supreme perfection of freedom from Karma through renunciation.” Although Hinduism can be said to have emerged from Vedic religion, most of the sophisticated theological thought which characterized it was yet to develop. This proposition is generally valid, substantiated by the ideas of Brahma and karma, which are interconnected as the single life force is within everything and are hinted at in the Vedic religion and further developed after it.
Hinduism can be described as a monotheistic or a polytheistic religion depending on the point of view but Hindu people describe themselves as henotheisitic, which is the belief in one god without denying the existence of others. Hindus believe that the soul is immortal and re-enters a body of flesh and blood to resolve experiences and learn all the lessons that the material life has to offer. Hindus also believe in karma. They believe that karma is one of the natural laws of the universe. If you do good things, good things will happen to you.
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. The religion carries a various amount of beliefs, which only some may be practiced. With the large number of teachings, holy books, and beliefs, Hinduism is seen as a way of life rather than a religion (BBC, 2009a). As mentioned above, Hinduism is a way of life rather than a religion. Hinduism is a guide to life, with an ultimate goal to reach union with Brahman (A History of World Societies, 2012).
Like most religions in the universe, Hinduism is unique in its own way. Hinduism is unique because it did not start off as a religion. Hinduism was actually a culture for people in India and then later turned into a religion (Hinduism on Fun Facts). Hinduism believers think different than others. The followers believe there is one supreme absolute in the entire world.
Among many myths one myth is about Aryans, light skinned people who invaded India, brought Vedic tradition around 1500 BC. But as the scientific evidence came into picture it became clear that it was cognized by the people of India who lived here for thousands of year. So, it arose in north India in Indus-Saraswati civilisation much before than any mythology suggests. Origin of Indo-European Hypothesis It was European scholars who observed the similarity between European and Indian languages. They found many European, Iranian and Sanskrit languages share many common words and similar grammatical structures.
In Hinduism on the other hand, the idea of a Supreme Being is much more of an abstract concept rather than a tangible being, and is known as "Brahman." The idea that Brahman is the "everything" or Supreme Reality is what makes the statement "everyone is a Hindu" a notably pertinent one in relation to Hinduism. Hindus have a sense of interconnectedness that pervades throughout everything in the universe: all plants, animals, people, and the cosmos. Brahman is the sacred force that holds everything together is. It is the ultimate reality that is unseen in the karmic cycle of birth and death, called samsara, which Hindus believe we... ... middle of paper ... ...ital to Buddhism.
They brought with them their religion of Vedism. These beliefs mingled with the more advanced, indigenous Indian native beliefs, often called the "Indus valley culture.". This theory was initially proposed by Christian academics some 200 years ago. Their conclusions were biased by their pre-existing belief in the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament). The Book of Genesis, which they interpreted literally, appears to place the creation of the earth at circa 4,000 BCE, and the Noah’s flood at circa 2,500 BC.
Partha and Swasti Miller (1982) recall that the religion has “no founder as such, unlike Christianity and Islam”, despite it being derived from the first Indian settlers in 5,000 BCE, who were later conquered by the Aryans. It is from this colonisation that the Aryans introduced the “four Vedas” (Miller and Miller, 1982), which later merged into the Vedic Hindu faith. Today, Hinduism is acknowledged by its followers as a “philosophy” (Lovat et al., 2006), as well as being concerned with the ideology of pantheism: the belief of spiritual immanence, as opposed to transcendence, exemplified in religions such as, Christianity, Judaism and Islam (Rinehart, 2004). Therefore, as stated by Vineeta Sinha (2011), these predominantly “spiritual and personal attributes” of the Hindu faith are the foundations of the philosophy’s core beliefs, rituals and
Brahma is the “sacred one” and is credited with creation, but Brahma creates and then abandons his creation to lesser gods (14). Hinduism was not founded by one individual, and it was not always the complex religion it is today (Wangu 14). “Indians call it Sanatana Dharma - the faith with no beginning and no end” (Srinivasan 66). “It developed gradually, as a merging of beliefs and practices of two main groups - the people of the Indus Valley in India and the Aryans of Persia” (Wangu 14). Like other religions, the Hindu religion has its own sacred literature.
Hinduism: From a Christian View Hinduism is regarded as the world’s oldest organized religion. Hinduism as a whole consists of thousands of various religious groups that have evolved over time. Hinduism has no recorded origin or founder and is applied to many of the philosophical and religious traditions found in India. The External Teaching or “Sanatana Dharma” is known as the religions collection of sacred texts. These texts while complex, encompass traditions and practices that share common ground but lack overall unity and consistency.