These form the basis of a child’s belief system and impacts on who they are. In the counselling assessment process, it is essential to understand why the child might be experiencing difficulty, so the best place to start, is to understand the environment that has helped nurture the child from birth. Assessment targets include abilities, “achievements, personality variables, aptitudes, attitudes, preferences, interests, values, demographics, and other characteristics” (Association for Assessment in Counselling, 2003). A counsellor’s assessment of a school age child concentrates on abilit... ... middle of paper ... .... et al. (2010).
My objectives as a school psychologist would be: (a) to work with a variety of children and their families in an education setting; (b) to work as part of an interdisciplinary team in helping to determine the best course of action for children in need; and (c) to help children build their self-esteem. This is particularly important for children in need of special assistance.
Cultural relevent teaching is more based around cultural transformation, the teacher has to engaged in the community and with the families of the children. It is essencial to use childrens personal and cultural knoledge as part of a school curriculum. Teachers need to make an effort to learn the culutral norms of the children in their classroom and incourprate that into the cirriculum. Contrary to Cultural relevent teaching Critical pedagogoy works towards teaching and helping the children understand the powered that all the marginalized groups have, instead of just focusing on local marginalized groups. Critical pedagogoy aims to help build leaders to take action.
Lev Vygotsky is one theorist that used social interaction as one of the main approaches to social learning and performed extensive research on exposing children to social and cultural experiences. Children use their prior experiences, interaction with their parents and peers, as well as their siblings, and other adults to develop their social cognition as well as identify who they are in the world. Social cognition is the belief that children learn from their environment and social experiences as a way of learning and developing. Children are born immediately learning to take cues from their caregivers, and mimic what they see and hear. A child’s family is their first social group and they begin to learn how to get their needs met by communicating.
What Is Development? . Retrieved May 28, 2011, from About.com Guide : http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentecourse/f/dev_faq.htm Dede Paquette, J. R. (2001, July 12). Bronfenbrenner Ecological Systems Theory. Retrieved May 28, 2011, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_Systems_Theory - Cached - Similar: http://pt3.nl.edu/paquetteryanwebquest.pdf Denise Boyd, P. J.
Retrieved October 5, 2011, from the Child and Youth Studies database. McNamara, J (2011). CHYS 1F90 (Lecture Notes). St. Catharines, ON: Brock University, Department of Child and Youth Studies. Schmidt, L. A., Fox, N. A., Rubin, K. H., Hu, S., & Hamer, D. H. (2002).
As well he believed that teachers should observe children carefully, and plan curriculum according to their observations. He believed that teachers need to use those observations to determine where children are in a learning process and where they are capable of doing, given their individual needs and the social context that surrounds them [Mooney, page 84]. In order to plan curriculum, teachers should observe children carefully to know each child’s development. Observing children are essential to good curriculum
As teachers, we need to educate ourselves as much as possible so that we can better educate the future generations. “Piaget, working with children, found that the growth of their ideas is a process spread over years,” (Sawyer, 2003, p.6). Teachers, families and communities must support one another in learning and educating our young children. If we don’t spend the time necessary to learn and broaden our knowledge, our children suffer, our future suffers. In order to become a remarkable teacher, there must be dedication to many things, one of them being passionate about how children learn.
Teachers of all age levels should have a background in this knowledge and continue to educate themselves on updated research so that they can continuously be able to self evaluate themselves. Human development is very important for all educators to understand. As a future educator of young children, it is important for me to be educated on all of the changes that my students will be undergoing as they are at a critical age. Children of a young age are developing many cognitive skills. Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development describes schemes that children will be changing based on new knowledge.