Thermoec Thermoelectric Materials: An Introduction To Thermal Energy

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTODUCTION TO ADVANCE MATERIALS Advanced materials are classified as completely new materials which have some specific properties and functions. These advance materials have large utility in daily life, hospitality, industries, sports etc. currently scientists and researchers are working and studying their specific functions etc. some great examples of these materials include thin membranes, Composite and hybrid materials, polymers, ceramic and radiation shielding composites; lightweight and nanocomposite, Metals and alloys, Ceramics, Smart materials (Photo-, thermo-, piezo-, tribo- and electro-chromic materials. Thin film coatings. Now a day thermoelectric materials have significant value in scientific world it include temperature measuring devices in furnace, energy harvestings and advance sensor etc. and many more. Here we discuss about thermoelectric and materials used in it. 1.2…show more content…
The thermoelectric effect refers to phenomena by which either a temperature difference creates an electric potential or an electric potential creates a temperature difference. Conversion between electrical and thermal energy is possible because of two important thermoelectric effects: Seebeck effect (converting temperature to current) and Peltier effect (converting current to temperature). Direct conversion of thermal and electric energy means that the thermoelectric devices are often more reliable than traditional mechanic devices and suffer less wear. Thermoelectric devices have a much lower efficiency than traditions devices. While all materials have a nonzero thermoelectric effect, in most materials it is too small to be useful. However, low-cost materials that have a sufficiently strong thermoelectric effect (other required properties) could be used in application including power generation and

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