Ways of Transmitting Heat: Conduction, Convection and Radiation

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Conduction, convection and radiation are the three methods through which heat can be transferred from one place to another. The (www.hyperphysics.com) first method is the conduction through which heat can be transferred from one object to another object. This process is defined as the heat is transmitted from one to another by the interaction of the atoms and the molecules. The atoms and the molecules of the body are physically attached to each other and one part of the body is at higher temperature to the other part or the body, the heat begins to transfer. A simple experiment through which conduction can be understood easily is as follows. First of all, take a metallic rod of any length. Hold the rod in the hand or at any stand made up of the insulator so that the heat does not transfer to the stand. Heat up the one end of the rod with the help of the spirit lamp. After sometime, touch the other end of the end, the other end of the becomes heated too and the temperature of the other end of the rod has also increased. Although only one end of the rod is heated with the spirit lamp, but the other end of the rod has also been heated. This is represents that the heat has been transferred from one end of the rod to the other end of the rod without heating it from the other end. So, the transformation of the heat is taking place. This process is called the conduction. Conduction is a process which is lead by the free electrons. As the conduction happens occurs only in the metallic materials, the reason for it is that the metals has the free electrons and they can move freely from one part of the body to another part of the body. These electrons are not bounded by the nucleus so, they can move easily. And when the temperature of the ... ... middle of paper ... ... our daily life and has lot of consequences. For example, we know that black surfaces absorb more thermal energy and reflect less thermal energy. Similarly, the shiny surfaces absorb less energy and reflect more energy. This is the main reason that a black car parked in the sun will heat more as compare to the white car. The process of radiation is also used in the field of medicine. Thermography is an interesting use of the radiation in the medicine. Thermograph is a scan of the picture of the body and is a photograph according to the intensity of the radiation at different places. Since diseased parts are usually more hot so thermograph shows prominent white and red spots which helps the doctors to diagnose the disease. Works Cited http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/heatra.html http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/135577/convection